AForward Thinking Nation
AForward Thinking Nation
Educationhas come a long way and the main issue today is the neglecting of theimportance of results. More often than not, education takes priorityover the assessment of results for the purpose of policy-making. Theevolution of the American public education has seen various reformsalbeit with misdiagnosis, blames and humbug. Despite the failedprocesses, policy-makers have stuck to the belief that the mostcurrent trend will be successful. As such, most reform approaches andstrategies are irrelevant or unhelpful to the pre-existing situation.The government and the responsible individuals have been observed toimpose tight employee rules and regulations, bureaucracy and othermandates that hinder the successful student outcomes. Apparently,learning requires a high-level initiative which is typicallydifficult to develop.
PresidentRutherford Hayes was one of the first high-ranking individuals tosupport the availability of public schooling. Liberty was exercisedregarding free schools. The President viewed education as the primaryplatform for economic and political inclusion of all individuals,whether poor or wealthy. The evolution proceeded on to establish asituation that is currently marked by universal access to publicschools that are free. This initiative progressed actively due topressure from populists. The high costs made it hard for the lessfortunate to afford a decent education. The fairness that wasimparted at the time paved the way for public participation inrecommendations and decision-making. In this way, tutoring became acentral part of learning that supported both wealthy and poor kidsalthough private institutions still existed [ CITATION Ber15 l 1033 ].Ray Marshall cannot be left behind in his efforts to impart trainingfor those already employed. The program stimulated the economyfurther leading to the expansion of public services.
Afterthe civil war, America’s public education started seriously. Thegovernment controlled schools displaced the private ones. At thatperiod, a significant number of individuals had access to andenrolled in public schools. This was partly due to the creation of acentralized, monopolistic educational process by the politicians.They focused on increasing school population and placing moreemphasis on learning, reading and arithmetic components. At thebeginning of the 20th century, other national leaders supported theidea that education was supposed to be comprehensive, centrallycommanded and bureaucratic. The government-based decision-makingprocedure was thus replaced by a standardized approach. This step wasalso aimed at eliminating corruption and fraud. Front-runners such asThomas Jefferson also pioneered reform in education. His proposalpushed forward the establishment of a system that promoted theinterest of learners as well as furthering the skills and talents ofthose who perform well [ CITATION Buc11 l 1033 ].
Concurrently,the American economic leaders came to an agreement that aneducational system that is decentralized was a liability and couldhave detrimental impacts regarding international competition.Specifically, the manufacturers in the United States established thatGermany had become a dominant economic force. As such theCapitalistic economy of America had to be sustained by imitating theapplication of public schools. Therefore, the business fraternity,educational leaders, and industrial organization representativespushed Congress to allocate more resources to education. Apparently,the influential people came up with professional methods ofbureaucracies to generate and implement these policies. Similarly,the influx of immigrants led to an accumulation of cultures,languages, and religions which influenced political individuals totry and prevent Balkanization. Other activities were included in thelearning environment such as racial and ethnic incorporation as wellas social acceptance. The role of Capitalism can also be seen by thegrowth of private education institutions. These individual-ownedschools have increased over time although expensive to affordcompared to the free public school [ CITATION Cen12 l 1033 ].
Democracywas fueled by the influential people in government who pushed for theinclusion of all individuals in education as well as participation.Racial segregation in the 1960s, for instance, was a move thatnavigated educational policies towards equity, access, and sufficientopportunities. Activists played a vital part in the achievement of apublic good. They pushed for the diversification of the components oflearning. Emphasis was placed on good environmental practices,humanism, spiritual aspects and upright social collectivism. Similarto the previous changes, these people came up with books, programsand educational materials followed by political influence to ensurethat their suggestions were adopted [ CITATION Val14 l 1033 ].Developmental psychologies who understood the explanations ofeducationists like John Dewey argued that official schooling shouldbecomplemented with other programs such as counseling and self-esteemcurriculum. Since the leaders knew these suggestions, school-basedcounselors were introduced in addition to other important inventions[ CITATION Ray13 l 1033 ].
Thehigh cost of covering education was profoundly felt in the higherlearning centers. Apparently, the expensive nature of such aneducation hinders the ordinary citizens from accessing it. Theover-regulated system of public schools has not met the previouschallenges efficiently. Although political leaders, business persons,and educational leaders focus on the reformation of the contemporarysystem, they have achieved a lot in the process of bringing equityand advancement to the State. However, affording tuition at a publicuniversity is difficult for most people, especially those receivingminimum wages. This occurrence denies many young people fromrealizing their dreams due to their debts [ CITATION Cen12 l 1033 ].
Buchanan, R. (2011). Paradox, Promise and Public Pedagogy: Implications of the Federal Government’s Digital Education Revolution. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 73.
Center for Public Education. (2012, May). The United States of education: The changing demographics of the United States and their schools. Retrieved from Center for Public Education: http://www.centerforpubliceducation.org/You-May-Also-Be-Interested-In-landing-page-level/Organizing-a-School-YMABI/The-United-States-of-education-The-changing-demographics-of-the-United-States-and-their-schools.html
Marshall, R. (2013, July 26). A Points System Could Strengthen Employment-Based Immigration . Retrieved from Economic Policy https://www.epi.org/publication/points-system-strengthen-employment-based/
Sanders, B. (2015, October 22). Make college free for all. Retrieved from The Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/bernie-sanders-america-needs-free-college-now/2015/10/22/a3d05512-7685-11e5-bc80-9091021aeb69_story.html?utm_term=.fcd86806738c
Strauss, V. (2014, February 1). The trouble with calls for universal ‘high-quality’ pre-K. Retrieved from The Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2014/02/01/the-trouble-with-calls-for-universal-high-quality-pre-k/