A Nurse`s Role in the Systems Development Life Cycle

ANurse`s Role in the Systems Development Life Cycle

ANurse`s Role in the Systems Development Life Cycle

Healthcaredepartments have experienced a revolution since their adoption ofinformation and technology. Globally, nursing services that lackhealth information technology are insignificant today (Hendriks,Ligthart &amp Schouteten, 2016). In the nursing department, thehealthcare information system has simplified the processes of care topatients enormously. During the development of the HIT systems,health care facilities need to follow an innovative strategy toenrich the nursing healthcare process, as well as ensuring that theend user utilizes the technology to full potential (Hendriks,Ligthart &amp Schouteten, 2016). This report focusses on the stepsfollowed for the systems development life cycle, how nurses cancontribute to the decisions on each step of the system development,and the shortcomings of not involving nurses in the development ofHIT.

TheSteps for Systems Development Life Cycle

Nursesalways have hope that software designers will develop a HIT systemthat is simple for them to use regardless of the type of assignmentthey carry in their places of work (Dull, Gelinas, &amp Wheeler,2012). In the development of the systems, the technology systems areusually meant to simplify the workload and ensure successfulimplementation of the manual input data. The steps for the systemdevelopment life cycle are as follows:

StrategicPlanning:There is a need for strategic planning on the HIT system to ensurethat it is applicable towards enhancing the process of deliveringdata/ information and procedures.

Analysis:The developers analyze how effective the system will be and the enduser’s ease of using them.

Designing:It is vital that the system is efficient enough to improve theservices offered

Implementation:The developer ensures that the intended output of the system isachieved.

Maintenance:The system is wholly maintained by the IT department for problems.

Stepswere undertaken when purchasing and implementing a new HIT system.

Inany organization, the office of managing director together with thedepartment of finance is tasked with the purchase of the HIT systems.During the analysis process, the organization decides whether itcheaper and efficient to purchase the HIT system from a third party,or develop one within the firm (Dull, Gelinas, &amp Wheeler,2012).This will depend on the desired input data as well as theoutput. In the process, the organization has to ensure that thecharacteristics of the developed system are suitable for the healthcare facility. Therefore, it is vital that the systems cover the aimsand requirements of the end user.

Secondly,the design that the HIT system undertakes will determine whether topurchase the system from the third party or have them built withinthe organization. Furthermore, the infrastructure, as well as thehardware required to support the system installed, is included in thesecond step.

Oncompletion of the designing process, the third system is implemented.The system (whether purchased or built within), is configured and thetraining of end users commences (Geetha, Kumar, &amp Kanth, 2012).Additionally, the testing and conversion of codes are implemented inthis step. The final phase is the systems functions and reviews ofthe post-implementation of the whole project. The problems that ariseduring this process give the organization insights for futuredevelopments.


Nursescan contribute tremendously towards the HIT system implementation inhealthcare facilities. In the first step of implementation, forexample, they can offer ideas that shape the analysis process inaccordance with their own knowledge and experiences (Hendriks,Ligthart &amp Schouteten, 2016). If the nurse is not involved insuch processes, it will lead to poor ideas for beginner analysis, aswell as making it difficult for the end user to operate the newsystems.

Thereis an obligation to the nurse and end user to contribute towards thewhole process of adoption of a new HIT system since the successfuloperation of the project fully depends on their understanding of thesteps of implementation. Therefore, it is imperative that the enduser gets involved in the selection of the HIT software andtechnology.


Dull,R., Gelinas, U., &amp Wheeler, P. (2012).&nbspAccountinginformation systems.Canada: South-Western/Cengage Learning.

Geetha,D., Kumar, T., &amp Kanth, K. (2012). Determining suitable executionenvironment based on dynamic workload during early stages of softwaredevelopment life cycle: a simulation approach.IJCSE,&nbsp7(3),175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/ijcse.2012.048228

Hendriks,P. H., Ligthart, P. E., &amp Schouteten, R. L. (2016). Knowledgemanagement, health information technology, and nurses’ workengagement.&nbspHealthCare Management Review,&nbsp41(3),256-266. doi:10.1097/hmr.0000000000000075