Addressing Medication Errors Review of Journal Articles

AddressingMedication Errors: Review of Journal Articles

AddressingMedication Errors: Review of Journal Articles

Medicationerrors are one of the issues that healthcare systems are grapplingwith to realize sustainability goals. This paper reviews two articleson ways to address medication errors. The chosen articles areKachalia (2013) and Detsky, Baerlocher and Wu (2013).

Article1 summary

Thearticle by Kachalia (2013) discusses the need for transparency withinthe nursing settings as a way of minimizing errors. Beingtransparent, especially when errors are made, is increasingly beingconsidered by healthcare specialists as a necessary step to improvingquality in the healthcare settings. It recommends that, by beingopen, clinicians and patients within the healthcare organizationswould be well placed to encourage accountability in practice andincrease patient trust in health systems.

Article2 Summary

Thearticle by Detsky, Baerlocher and Wu (2013) suggests that nurturingcandidness among the players is a way to overcome the challenge. Theauthors cite “I am Sorry” effort, in which physicians disclose,ask for an apology and offer compensation to patients and familiesadversely affected by nursing errors, as an example of desirablecandidness. The authors note that, although the primary motive forthe establishment of such programs is minimizing the costs associatedwith medical liability, the programs are also crucial in increasingthe safety and satisfaction of the patient, while creating anallowance to have institutional support for the physicians tominimize the chances of error.


Someof the information worth synthesizing includes the question ofrelevance, validity, practicality, and reliability. The aspect ofrelevance questions whether the article is applicable to the subjectfocus, that is, medication errors. Since the area of interest ismedical errors, the two articles can be considered relevant becausethey provide approaches on how the problem can be addressed.Interestingly, both articles tend to narrow on one specific issuethey consider a constraint of safety healthcare — transparency. Thetwo articles suggest the need for players to foster transparency toachieve safe healthcare systems. The aspect of validity questionswhether the assertions are logical. Since the authors support theirviews based on underpinning theories and past study findings, theirresults can be essentially considered valid. The aspect ofpracticality is concerned about the ability of the point to apply inpractice. Ideally, it is possible to have transparent systems, and itis particularly possible through nurturing supportive organizationculture. The only challenge in its practicality is how to achieve thetransparency, but the concept is certainly not a rocket science.Lastly, the aspect of reliability questions whether assertedinformation can produce the consistent standard of results, ifadopted. Since the articles are based on scientific methodologies andare essentially peer-reviewed journals, they can be argued as beingreliable. Furthermore, the articles are also recent, published withinthe last five years, implying they are honest in depicting the natureof current situation accurately.

Thedifference between Summarizing and Synthesizing Research

Thispaper has summarized and synthesized the articles by Kachalia (2013)and Detsky, Baerlocher and Wu (2013) in the attempt to answer thequestion of how to address medication errors. Based on thesearticles’ review project, the differences between summarizing andsynthesis have come out clearly. Summarizing is involves noting thekey points from the articles and presenting them in brief form, whilesynthesis discusses the ability of the article to meet the intendedpurpose. The outcomes of summarizing and synthesis results are alsodifferent. Summarizing has identified the key points in the articlesand noted them as pointing to the need for transparency for reducingmedical errors. Synthesis has delved into the question of how theassertions fit into the health needs of society, leading to theinference that the articles satisfy the relevance, validity,practicality, and reliability aspects.

and Conclusion

Insummary, this paper has examined ways to address medication errors,reviewing the articles by Kachalia (2013) and Detsky, Baerlocher andWu (2013). The summary of both articles points to the need fortransparency for reducing medical errors. Synthesis shows thearticles satisfy the relevance, validity, practicality, andreliability aspects. Therefore, there is the need for the healthcaresystems to embrace transparency in reporting errors.


Detsky,A. S., Baerlocher, M. O., &amp Wu, A. W. (2013). Admitting mistakes:Ethics says yes, instinct says no. CanadianMedical Association Journal, 185(5),448.

Kachalia,A. (2013). Improving patient safety through transparency. NewEngland Journal of Medicine, 369(18),1677–1679.