Airline Security – Singapore Airlines

AirlineSecurity – Singapore Airlines

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AirlineSecurity – Singapore Airlines

Thetragic events of 11thSeptember 2001 shook the whole world and specifically the aviationindustry. Terrorists hijacked an American airplane and attacked thepeople. These acts called the whole world to take up extraordinarycare to ensure such tragedies would never happen again. In the paper,I will analyze two articles that present the changes that have takenplace since this tragic attack. The articles are “GeneralRestrictions Singapore Airlines” and “Singapore One of FewCountries using Interpol Database”.

Fromthese articles, it is clear that Singapore took a great deal intoheightening the security of air transport. Some of the changes takenby Singapore to enhance its airline security included:

Improvementon Aircraft Security

Fromthe 9/11 attack, Singapore was able to learn some lessons. It learnedthat the terrorists were able to access the cockpit from where theycommanded the pilots. As such, Singapore embarked on measures to makethe cockpits more secure and inaccessible to unauthorized persons. Tothis effect, most of the aircraft in Singapore have cockpits withdoors reinforced with bulletproof materials and locks to ensure nounauthorized persons access it (Dsouza, 2011). Additionally, theaircraft have CCTV cameras installed in them to allow the pilots tomonitor the activities within the cabin. This makes it possible andfor them to highlight suspicious activity and efficiently take theright course of action.

Improvementon Security Scanning and Checks

TodaySingapore is one of a small number of countries that verify visitor’spassport against the Interpol’s database of lost, missing or stolentravel documents. In any case, the travel documents are found to beon the Interpol’s database the immigration officer isautomatically alerted, and the traveler is asked out from thepassengers` queue for further scrutiny. The airports are also underconstant surveillance by the airport police as well as airport-widecameras that have been installed (Rosenberg, 2012). On a personallevel, the passengers are screened to ensure they are not carryingdangerous weapons. An emphasis is also made in verifying that personswho take the baggage for screening are the same individuals who boardthe plane, limiting the chances of a conspiracy among the passengers.

EnhancedInter-government Agencies Cooperation

Singaporehas come up with a viable approach that enhances quality and strictsecurity measures without inconveniencing the passengers. Toefficiently execute all these actions, the airports in Singapore workin close collaboration with all the relevant agencies. These includethe airport authority and the civil aviation authority of Singapore.This ensures that quality intelligence is shared across the variousorganizations thus making it effective and efficient (Rosenberg,2012).

LiquidRestrictions

FromMay 8th,2007, the airport authority of Singapore restricted the amountliquids on board to 100ml cap. This restriction was enacted followingthe transatlantic aircraft plot of 2016. Since then the travelers areadvised to check in liquids, aerosols and gels exceeding 100mlfailure to which they are impounded by the airport security (Dsouza,2011). Once confiscated the airport security posts them back to theowners. Also as a general practice any prohibited items or materialsthat the airport security deem dangerous are also impounded, and theowner is compelled to post them back (Price &amp Forrest, 2012).

Conclusion

Theevents of 9/11 were catastrophic acts of terror. However, they servedas the much-needed wake-up call for the aviation industry not only tothe United States but also to the whole world. It brought about theneed to reconstruct the airports and to put measures in place thatwill enhance the security of the passengers as well as theirdestinations. They also brought an air of understanding among theimpatient passengers who before 9/11 felt that the long queues in theairports going through security screening as a waste of time. Todayairports are one of the most secured places in most of the countries(Rosenberg, 2012).

References

Dsouza.H. (2011, November 17). 9/11 and the Current Indian Domestic AviationCrisis. The Aviation Industry after 9/11. Retrieved fromhttp://www.eturbonews.com/26408/911-and-current-indian-domestic-aviation-crisis

Generalrestrictions Singapore airlines Retrieved fromhttps://www.google.com/url?sa=t&amprct=j&ampq=&ampesrc=s&ampsource=web&ampcd=1&ampved=0ahUKEwiSoZDj3JPPAhVHIsAKHcEGCAsQFggeMAA&ampurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.singaporeair.com%2Fen_UK%2Fus%2Ftravel-info%2Fbaggage%2Fbaggage-restrictions%2F&ampusg=AFQjCNHeYiCWBE4TUFBXCivbyImzcGMxrg&ampsig2=eRqbcFV_nSRjhTQZ4vhZ3w.

Price,J., &amp Forrest, J. (2012). Practical Aviation Security: Predictingand Preventing Future Threats. Burlington: Elsevier Science.

Rosenberg,S. (2012). Traveler`s guide to personal security. Bloomington, IN:iUniverse Inc.

Singaporeone of few countries using Interpol database Retrieved fromhttp://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/singapore-one-of-few-countries-using-interpol-database.

Airline Security – Singapore Airlines

AIRLINE SECURITY – SINGAPORE AIRLINES 5

AirlineSecurity – Singapore Airlines

AirlineSecurity – Singapore Airlines

Thelarge numbers of people at airports at any given time make thempotential targets for criminal activities such as terrorism. Theterrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, made the airline industry toredefine its security measures to deter future occurrencesdramatically (O`brien, 2011). Airlines had to implement severalchanges in the risk management procedures to instill confidence thattravelers lost after the attacks. The airlines now protect theaircraft to reduce the chances of hijackings. For example, the use ofimpregnable doors protects the cockpit for the duration of the flight(Ploch, Děkan, &amp Zýka, 2015). The analysis of the articleDesignthe New Concept of Security Check at Airport with Comprehends Trendof Passengers Behavior Analyses byPloch, Děkan, and Zýka (2015) reveals that Singapore learned fromthe attack and developed strategies to enhance protection of itsairports from threats and reassure the travelers of their safety.Consequently, the implemented changes to the security procedures andregulations since the 9/11 tragedy have reduced attacks and otherrelated risks.

Notably,Singapore has two international passenger airports namely Changi,which handles scheduled passenger traffic, and Seletar thatconcentrates on training and non-scheduled flights (Singapore Defense&amp Security Report, 2015). The 9/11 attack and the 2002 plot tohijack an airliner and crash it into Changi International Airport ledto the tightening of security measures, especially at Changi(O`brien, 2011). Consequently, soldiers armed with automatic weaponsrandomly patrol the terminals. Markedly, the state organizations actin cooperation with other security services providers such as CertisCISCO and Aetos Security Management Private Company to enforce theregulations at the airfield (Ploch, Děkan, &amp Zýka, 2015). Theofficers check the departing passengers at the gate entrance andcontrol movement into restricted areas.

Subsequently,the industry has implemented new detection equipment and methodsthrough the upgrading of the technology for screening for weapons andexplosives. The guards use advanced imaging technology such as X-raymachines and metal detectors to scan passengers at every gate(Brandt, 2011). Currently, luggage goes through thorough screeningusing explosive trace detection unlike before 9/11 when most checkedluggage, especially on domestic flights, did not undergo scrutiny forexplosives. Since 2005, security guards conducted cargo-screeningprocesses behind closed doors (Ploch, Děkan, &amp Zýka, 2015).Such systems installed at Singapore Airlines have over 400 cameras atvarious points to ease monitoring of the airport

Markedly,there are strict regulations that guide the evaluation of thepassengers. For instance, visa applicants wanting to travel toSingapore undergo increased scrutiny through more rigorous backgroundchecks (Ploch, Děkan, &amp Zýka, 2015). A primary objective of theairline industry post 9/11 was to harness intelligence andpre-screening to determine a list of known travelers usingsophisticated profiling techniques (Singapore Defense &amp SecurityReport, 2015). The personnel uses international watch lists to screenfor terrorists to stop them from gaining employment in airlines orboarding flights. However, the approach is met with many reservationsfrom the public since it made many people uncomfortable.Additionally, the airline enforced liquid restrictions of 100 ml capon May 8, 2007 (Brandt, 2011). The protocol dictates that allpassengers have to check in aerosols, gels, and liquids above 100 mlto avoid confiscation by the airport security. There are otherunacceptable items such as firearms, ammunition, crowbars, knives,torch lighters, and fireworks.

Tosum up, the terrorist attack of 9/11 served as a turning point formany airlines globally. Terrorism remains a major threat to theindustry. However, the airport management has significantly modifiedand improved the security measures to minimize the occurrence ofanother disaster. Security professionals are considered as agents ofdefenses since they receive adequate training to combat any terroristscenario that they may come across. Also, the officers usesophisticated technology to screen passengers and cargo to ensureincreased confidence in air travel.

References

Brandt,B. (2011). TerroristThreats to Commercial Aviation: A Contemporary Assessment.Ctc.usma.edu.Retrieved 17 September 2016, fromhttps://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/terrorist-threats-to-commercial-aviation-a-contemporary-assessment

Ploch,J., Děkan, T., &amp Zýka, J. (2015). Design the New Concept ofSecurity Check at Airport with Comprehends Trend of PassengersBehavior Analyses. Journalof Tourism &amp Services,6(10), 45-63.

SingaporeDefence &amp Security Report. (2015). SingaporeDefence &amp Security Report,(1), 1-76.

O`brien,L. B. (2011). The Evolution of Terrorism since 9/11. FBILaw Enforcement Bulletin,80(9), 3-10