Background on Family Planning

Backgroundon Family Planning

Backgroundon Family Planning

Theprogram aims at analyzing the family planning situation in Kinshasa,the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The information obtained fromthe research is important in developing effective family planningstrategies for the residents of the city. Kinshasa has a growingfertility rate. The 2014 value is 4.4. The city also has anincreasing contraceptive prevalence rate. The 2016 contraceptiveprevalence level is 23.8 (Kayembe et al., 2015). The program intendsto increase the contraceptive usage level in Kinshasa further. Thisis because proper contraceptives assist married couples to plan theirfamilies. Contraceptives also assist people to engage in safe sexthat prevents unwanted pregnancies.

Thesubgroups that are targeted by the family planning program inKinshasa are the youths and the low-income earners. The youths aretargeted because they are sexually active and have high fertilitylevel in the community. The family planning program will assist theyouth to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Low-income earners aretargeted with the intention of encouraging them to plan theirfamilies. The program provides useful information about the mosteffective family planning method. The program intends to offer thecontraceptives to the low-income earners freely or at subsidized cost(Bertrand et al., 2014).

Previousprograms have attempted to address the family planning challenges inKinshasa. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has providedseed grant to finance the evidence-based practices in family planningin Kinshasa and other parts of the DRC. The BMGF has also financedthe ACQUAL II project that was initiated in October 2015 to determinethe most effective family planning approach in Kinshasa. Theinnovative practices that ACQUQL II intends to test for effectivenessare self-injection using Savanna Press, and Implanon NXT (Kayembe etal., 2015).

Thehealth department of the DRC government is a major player inencouraging people to adopt family planning. The governmentformulates laws that guide citizens on selecting suitablecontraceptives. The main barriers to behavior change are social mythsand traditional beliefs. Many people, with low levels of education,believe that family planning methods like emergency contraceptivesnegatively affect the health of the user. These false myths andbeliefs reduce the usage rate of family planning methods. Familyplanning programs should, therefore, put more effort in educatingmembers of the public about family planning facts and benefits.

References

Bertrand,J.et al. (2014). “Mapping the supply of family planning services inKinshasa, DRC.” InternationalPerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.40(2).

Kayembe,P. et al. (2015). “Family Planning Supply Environment in Kinshasa,DRC: Survey Findings and Their Value in Advancing Family PlanningProgramming.” GlobalHealth: Science and Practice.3(4):630-45.