Case Studies


CaseStudy 1

Parentaldiscrimination takes place when employers are not considerate ofindividuals who have care responsibilities. For instance, Lockwoodfailed to promote the woman employee who had children to take careof. Not only was the remuneration discriminative but she was alsofired without regarding her household tasks. Apparently, theorganization offered better salary packages to women who did not haveany family obligations. Despite the good performance of thisparticular woman in her sales, she was discontinued from work due toa family emergency situation. All these evidences support the groundsfor parental discrimination and not for federally protected class.

Additionally,it is possible to make a case for discrimination based on gender.However, this allegation would require an observation and analysis tocompare the occurrences among the male counterparts. If the companygives men a better pay and working schedule, then a case can betabled on the grounds of sex. Typically, women are considered theprimary caregivers hence men are likely to have fewerresponsibilities or participation.

Toavoid this problem, PNS should have created equal opportunity foremployment to all people. By recognizing the need to improve thesituation of workers with family responsibilities, the firm would putthe necessary measures to avoid any form of discrimination. As such,PNM should have considered flexible arrangements based on theemployee’s family demands. Since the law prohibits anydiscrimination based on parenting or caring factors, the organizationshould have exercised its lawful duty of avoiding sexual harassmentand victimization.

Adviceto companies would be based on recommending the training ofsupervisors on how to respond to caregivers and reviewing of thepolicies regarding employment. Additionally, training the humanresource team on how to handle FRD claims can help them in offeringpromotions, leaves, and compensations. Moreover, this will encouragea culture that supports family caregiving (Lomer, 2016).

CaseStudy 2

Previously,the absence of robots ensured that human beings did almost all thework. However, the advent of automata has led to various impacts inthe general workforce. Although, it is expected that more and moreindividuals are likely to lose their jobs, the advanced technology isalso capable of creating job opportunities that did not exist before.Several employment types are present currently, for instance, thedevelopment of software and applications for personal computers andsmartphones.

Likewise,internet service providers have benefitted by the increasing numberof connections throughout the world. Business transactions have seengreat improvements regarding job creation. People can open onlinebusinesses, blogs, consultancies and other professional jobs.Broadcasting technology has created jobs for individuals who have aninterest in such including actors, movie directors, and mediadesigners and so on. Hardware and software engineers are increasingevery day. They are tasked with maintenance, repair, and innovationof the existing technology (Kottasova, 2016).

Thenew lines of work require a relatively higher number of peopleconcerning critical thinking and decision-making. For instance,creating a robot that works requires a multidisciplinary teamcomposed of a software guru, hardware engineer, designer,architecture and other specialists to develop and also to makerepairs where necessary. On the contrary, this scenario is muchunlike the previous human workforce where training and supervisionwould be enough.

Allthe relevant evidence suggests that the new lines of work will bemuch better regarding payment. This is mostly due to the complicatednature of the jobs coupled with the time, energy and skills requiredto create, operate and maintain the presented technological items. Assuch, there will be more professionals involved which translates tohigher cost.

CaseStudy 3

Countriesthat participate in manufacturing often face competition and theavailability of other alternatives. Two typical events may take placein the production. One is that a country may cycle through leadershipwhile the other is where the State spirals downwards until it is nolonger recognized. The exhibition of upsurge and an occasional fadingis a distinct indication that such a region is putting on efforts ona daily basis to come out at the top.

Assuch the primary distinguishing factor between these two types ofcountries is that the one that cycles through leadership is keen onmaking innovations, an improvement on the existing product as well asexpansion. On the contrary, the one that fades completely does not doenough to maintain its performance. Also, a country that cycles itprime position has strict adherence to quality, good pricing andbetter services that keep on getting better each day. A dwindling oneis likely to have lagged concerning excellence and poor branding.

Chinahas now become a significant a major player in the global economy.However, there have been reports of the closure of some industrieshence its state of fade. In 2015, the country saw it a challenge toachieve the 7% growth target. Likewise, companies and industries inHong Kong have reduced by a third in the years between 2013 and 2016(Magnier, 2015). The overall performance tends to indicate thatshortly, the economy is likely to stabilize off. Nonetheless, thechallenges that currently exist have to be dealt with to ensure thatthe country does not fade off completely (Thoma, 2016).


Jenkins, J. (2013, September 23). Women in the labour market: 2013. Retrieved from Office for National Statistics.:

Kottasova, I. (2016, January 1). Technology could kill 5 million jobs by 2020. Retrieved from CNN Money:

Lomer, D. (2016). 6 Steps to Avoid Family Responsibilities Discrimination Claims. Retrieved from iSight:

Magnier, M. (2015, December 14). China’s Workers Are Fighting Back as Economic Dream Fades. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal:

Raymond, N., John, H., Barry, G., &amp Patrick, W. ( 2016). Human Resource Management. McGraw Hill Education.

Thoma, M. (2016, April 4). Why the Fed has a Wary Eye on China`s Economy. Retrieved from Economist`s View: