Chapter One Outline


ChapterOne Outline

  1. The study of social problems

  1. Sociology

      1. It is the study of social life, causes and consequences of human behavior and social change –American Sociological Association

      2. It is a systematic and objective science, which investigates the behavior of human beings

  1. What is a social problem?

  1. It negatively affects a person`s welfare

  2. They are inevitable

  3. Affects huge numbers of people

  4. Definition of social problems is subject to one’s interpretation

  1. The Sociological Imagination

  1. Ability to dissociate the individual and causes of success or failure

  2. Ability to see the influence of society to one`s success or failure[CITATION Joh13 l 1033 ]

  1. The essential elements of a social problem

  1. The objective condition

  1. Aspects of society that are viewable without bias

  1. Causes objective effects

  2. Subjective concerns

        1. Judgments made about one`s personal feelings

        2. Sociological imagination can be used to reduce the effects of subjectivity

  1. Factors that define a social problem

  1. Social problems can vary from time to time

  2. Social problems are universal to societies

  3. The efforts to deal with certain social situations can cause social problems

  4. Social problems can lead to social consequences for all

  5. Where there is agreement that is a social problem, and something can be done about it, it is a legitimate social problem

  6. The definition of social problems varies over time

  7. The powerful define people in society define social problems

  8. Value help in defining social problems

Values are basis on which we distinguish right from wrong, good frombad

  1. Values are affected by social conditions

  2. Social problems are universal to cultures

  3. The public should be aware of the problem

  1. The three paradigms

      1. Conflict theory

      2. Functionalism

      3. Symbolic internationalism

  1. Research methods

      1. Quantitate and qualitative methods

      2. Triangulation

      3. Social policy and statistics


Carl, J. D. (2013). THINK Social Problems (2 ed.). Rose State College.