Alot of subjective actions have been implemented during times of war.Although there are institutional and societal application of efforts,international Humanitarian Law must also be present as well asreports filed by victims. As such, the need to deal with instances ofarmed conflict is necessary since the Citizens are the ones whosuffer from these issues. Negotiation is one of the primary waysrenowned for its effectiveness in resolution. It is important toprevent engagement rather than deal with its aftermath. By having apoint of agreement between individuals, communities and states, theact of war can be dissolved. Dynamic and interactive processes suchas mediation have to take place especially when conflict has alreadyset in. in such situations, the role of superpowers need to berecognized in this regard. Diplomacy also needs to be applied amidstthe encounters between two or more Countries [ CITATION Mag15 l 1033 ].
Theinclusion of citizens in decision making before engaging in battle isa vital aspect for consideration. Apparently, peacebuilding needs tobe held at high esteem. This is because the approach looks atpreventing the rejuvenation of war through the development andmaintenance of viable peace. Activities involved in this methodinclude the addressing of the underlying causes, creating socialawareness, and stabilization of the economy and politics.Reconciliation is key in ensuring peace sustainability. By creatingthe rule of law instruments, peacebuilding can be made into aneffective and long-lasting solution.
Terrorismis the utilization of violence and intimidation to gain politically.In a broader sense, it is the use of terror or violence to attainreligious, ideological, or political gain. It is mainly carried outby gangs or extremist groups. A gang entails a group of individualswho share a common identity or purpose. The collective identity canbe based on ethnicity, religion, class and culture. Formation ofgangs started some time back including gambling, extortion amongother ordeals. In that regard, the formation of terror groups isbased on the above aspects. Terrorism is one of the most detrimentalactivities in the modern world. The most recent act of fright is theParis attack. Terrorism has also been experienced in the UnitedStates, Belgium, Iraq, Turkey, Ivory Coast, and Kenya, among othernations. Therefore, it is a global concern that warrants sternleadership. As a leader, I would embark on the following ways tocounter terrorism [ CITATION Kat16 l 1033 ].
Oneof the principal means of stemming terrorism is by increasing thepublic-private partnerships. Terrorism is a global concern that needsall agencies in various countries to work in unity. However, theamount of info shared between these two parties is not substantialenough to ensure infrastructure protection. Most of the informationis classified and the institutions are not ready to exchangeparticular aspects deeming them critical. Consequently, regardinginfo, blank spots exist on both the industry and government sides.The essential infrastructure operators can only achieve mitigation ofsuch vulnerabilities. The players would guarantee mitigation of theseweaknesses since they have adequate know-how and expertise on theirstructures. This knowledge is sufficient to instigate the securitymeasures. In that regard, government agents rely on the industry’scooperation. If the industry is unwilling to cooperate, then itbecomes harder for the government representatives to gather adequateinformation. Even though utilizing legal frameworks can alleviate theunwillingness issue, it does so to a certain degree. Much of the infocan only be availed if the industry has the will to cooperate [ CITATION Placeholder5 l 1033 ].
Itis also important to include the citizens in making vital decisionsespecially concerning terrorism. For instance, the cost involved andthe financial investment duties affect the security industry.Sometimes citizens pay more to cater for their safety without theirconsent. In that regard, lack of public involvement in suchdiscussions limits cooperation. Since it affects the public, theyshould be included in the debates. Furthermore, including all theprivate and public stakeholders will bring about divergent intereststhat may end up stemming terrorism. As a world leader, unifying theagencies will be crucial in combating terrorism [ CITATION Sam15 l 1033 ].
Terrorismcan also be fought if the superpowers worked in harmony. There ismistrust between the superpowers notably Russia and the UnitedStates. As a world leader, it would be vital to call upon thedeveloped nations to work together. In this manner, terror groupsformed in countries like Somalia can be combated effectively. Dealingwith the groups at early stages will deter them from developing intohuge extremist groups [ CITATION Uni16 l 1033 ].
Comprehendingthe reasons for joining terror groups is also important. Innocentindividuals accede to the groups due to varying reasons. One of themis the unfair distribution of resources. Most of the youths joiningthe sects are entangled in poverty since they lack an appropriatesources of income. As a leader, fair allocation of resources andcreation of jobs for the youths will be vital to prevent them fromjoining the extremist groups [ CITATION Sam15 l 1033 ].
Bennis, S. (2015, November 25). How Morocco Became a World Leader in Combatting Terrorism. Retrieved from Morocco World News: http://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2015/11/173579/how-morocco-became-a-world-leader-in-combatting-terrorism/
Gilsinan, K. (2016, April 2). How Should the World Respond to Terrorism? Retrieved from The Atlantic: http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2016/04/world-response-terrorism/476337/
Harmon, C. C. (2011). Toward a Grand Strategy Against Terrorism. In C. C. Harmon, Toward a Grand Strategy Against Terrorism (p. 355). McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
López-Cárdenas, M. (2015, October 23). Addressing Armed Conflict in Colombia. Retrieved from YWCA: http://www.ywcablog.com/2015/10/23/addressing-armed-conflict-in-colombia/#sthash.9AcxhQnz.dpbs
United Nations. (2016, June 30). United Nations Action to Counter Terrorism. Retrieved from United Nations: http://www.un.org/en/counterterrorism/