A.Racism and sexism are wrong because all people deserve equal respect.
Thepractice of sexism as well as racism is wrong. Each and every personought to be treated in the same way. According to Boss (2011), racismis corrosive to the society, and it is perpetuated when individualsmake judgments about others or treat them based on their ethnic andracial backgrounds. This makes them feel inferior and less humancompared to their peers. Equally, the abhorrent behavior encouragesoppression and all sorts of discrimination against individuals,community or a particular group of people merely because they belongto different races (Boss, 2011). Similarly, sexism is wrong since itexposes individuals to discernment based on their gender. Thisstereotype is another form of emotional blackmailing which might makethe victims hate themselves or even develop low self-esteem (Boss,2011).In conclusion, the author suggests that treating people basedon their racial origin or sex is wrong, each and every human beingdeserves equal treatment and respect regardless of their backgroundsor gender.
B.It is immoral to use rabbits in cosmetic experiments because causingpain is immoral, and animals such as rabbits are capable of feelingpain.
Usingrabbits for cosmetic experiments consequently causing pain to them isimmoral (Boss, 2011).The author advocates for the principle ofequality to be used as the moral basis for the relationship betweenhuman beings and other animals such as rabbits. Nonhuman animals aresimilar in all crucial aspects just like people. In this case, theirbehavior during experiments is a clear justification anddemonstration of the pain they are feeling (Boss, 2011). Equalconsiderations should be extended to other nonhuman species becauseanimals also feel the same pain as human beings do. Boss (2011)concludes his argument by saying that the use of rabbits to conductcosmetic experiments is unjust and immoral because they too aresensitive and feel pain as well.
C.People need to pass a driving test to get a driving license to get acar. People should also take a test to get a driving license beforethey can become a parent.
Apartfrom the legal obligation which requires people to have a drivinglicense before owning a car, passing a driving test prepares anindividual, gives them the necessary road experience so that they canbe aware of what they expect (Boss, 2011).Also, they becomeconversant with the rules and laws on driving. In the same way,parenting comes with a lot of responsibilities. It requires adequateskills for one to handle those obligations. For that reason, theauthor suggests that it is essential to pass a test before they get adriving license and also before they become parents.
D.Use of stem cell research has the potential to help many people, stemcell research should be legal.
Boss(2011) argues that stem cells are crucial in developing organisms.This is because some stem cells can be used to create other cellswithin the body whereas others are helpful in replacing or repairingdamaged cells and tissues. Further, stem cell examination has thecapability of treating a broad range of medical problems. Thereforethe author supports the process of authorizing stem cell research sothat it can help save the lives of many people.
E.Colleges should consider having community service requirement forgraduation since community service has been shown to increasestudents’ self-esteem and facilitate their moral development.
Understandably,the number of students volunteering to participate in communityservice is dropping at a rapid rate. Boss (2011) maintains that it iscrucial for colleges to make it one of the conditions which have tobe met for graduation since it increases students’ sense ofself-efficacy, the program is vital in building problem-solvingabilities. Besides, students enjoy networking skills, enhancesteamwork as well as creating a sense of responsibility. Inconclusion, the author suggests that colleges should considerenforcing community service requirement into their graduationprograms to facilitate student’s moral development.
Boss,J. A. (2011). Ethics for life: A text with readings. New York:McGraw-Hill Companies.