CrimeAnalysis in Crime Prevention
CrimeAnalysis in Crime Prevention
Manycriminal activities in the community require appropriate analyticalapproaches so as to identify and reprimand the lawbreakers orculprits involved such is the role accomplished by crime analysis asdetailed in this essay.
Santos(2012) asserted that crimeanalysis is a profession and process that utilizes a set ofqualitative and quantitative techniques to evaluate informationhelpful to police agencies and their societies such matters asmisconducts, internal police operations, crime victims, criminals,quality of life are examined. The outcomes of the inquiry are thenused to support the criminal investigation and prosecution,problem-solving, patrol activities, offense prevention and reduction,and the evaluation of the efforts of the police to ensure properplanning and channeling of resources.
Thereare four major types of crime analysis namely crime intelligenceanalysis, tactical crime analysis, strategic crime analysis, andadministrative crime analysis these are classified based on thenature and source of data, techniques used for analysis, analysisresults, analysis frequency, and the intended purpose (Santos,2012).In criminal intelligence analysis, data about persons involved incrimes such as offenders, crime victims, and criminal networks arescrutinized to establish facts that can help deter or disrupt theactivity. Besides, tactical crime analysis involves the examinationof the police data meant for short-term development of investigativeand patrol priorities and resource deployment it includes repeatincident and crime pattern analysis to link known crimes to theirpast crimes. Also, strategic crime analysis utilizes data intendedfor the development and evaluation of policies, strategies, andprevention techniques it involves the scrutiny of the trends, hotspots, and problems associated with a particular crime. Finally,administrative crime analysis examines data directed towards thepolice agency, government, and community’s administrative needssuch areas as patrol staffing, cost-benefit, and resource deploymentstudies are covered here (Ainsworth,2013).What, therefore, is the importance of such investigations in crimeprevention?
Avery fundamental principle of prevention of a crime is that it ishighly concentrated in particular places, people, and things thatresulted in the coining of terms like repeat offenders, crime hotspots, repeat victims, hot products, and risky facilities (Sutton,Cherney & White, 2013).Consequently, focusing resources where criminal acts are concentratedcan help in prevention, and that is the primary role of crimeanalysis which works to unfold one of the many terms mentioned above.
Hence,through crime analysis, it is possible to identify patterns andseries the areas where crimes are occurring can thus be establishedafter which investigators can target their efforts and directofficers to patrol and respond to such locations based on concreteevidence (Suttonet al., 2013).Moreover, through surveillance and operation plans, offender’stravel patterns can be verified based on the fact that they oftenvictimize a society in a cycle of repeats nonetheless, they can bedisrupted before launching a serious criminal act like robbery in anarea (Ainsworth,2013).Most importantly, Ainsworth (2013) argued that crime analysis plays agreat role in clearing cases as it is the avenue through which asuspect’s direct proximity to a crime is generated and the decisionto declare them guilty made.
Evidently,crime analysis is the cornerstone of the prevention of the societalcriminal acts by way of crime intelligence analysis, tactical crimeanalysis, strategic crime analysis, and administrative crimeanalysis, repeat offenders, crime hot spots, and repeat victims areidentified, and correct legal actions are taken to lessen crimeincidences.
Ainsworth,P. (2013). OffenderProfiling Crime Analysis.Devon, England: Willan Publishing.
Eck,J. E., & Weisburd, D. L. (2015). Crime places in crimetheory. Crimeand place: Crime prevention studies, 8(4)86-99.
Santos,R. B. (2012). Crimeanalysis with crime mapping.Washington, DC: Sage.
Sutton,A., Cherney, A., & White, R. (2013). Crimeprevention: Principles, perspectives and practices.Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.