CURRENT INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES 5
CurrentInformation and Communication Technologies
CurrentInformation and Communication Technologies.
Inthe last few decades, the fields of medicine and health have acquirednew shape due to the technological advancements in the field ofscience that have not only enhanced acquisition of medical skillsamong the practitioners but also efficiency in the promotion ofpatient’s experience. Additionally, these technologies haveenhanced both communication in departments and access to patientsinformation (Lupiáñez-Villanueva etal.,2011). Modern technologies present unlimited opportunities for thehospitals to achieve efficient use of resources, increased patient’ssatisfaction or experience, and increased profitability.
Reviewof Various Technology Tools.
Suchtechnologies and tools include telehealth, wireless communication,and others that help improve the provision of curative, preventionand medication services. Telehealth technology enables thepractitioners to effectively communicate and access importantinformation electronically (Imouokhome & Osubor, 2012). As aresult, the quality of care and patient’s medical results improvesat reduced costs. Wireless communications enhance sharing ofinformation within an institution or between practitioners therebypromoting knowledge management, improving response time and teamworkactivities (Imouokhome & Osubor, 2012). However, thesetechnologies and others are expensive, hard to train and may havesome technical challenges that lenders them unpopular in mostcountries.
RecentlyAdopted Technology Tool.
Onerecent technology in the nursing specialty area is ComputerizedProvider Order Entry (CPOE). It is a clinical software built withfeatures and functionalities essential in reducing medical errorsthrough the electronic production of clearly typed patent’s orders(Huston, 2013). Moreover, Huston (2013) adds that this softwareapplication is integrated with a clinical decision support (CDS) thatenables sharing of information among caregivers to facilitatedecision making on medication, therapy, and diagnosis. As a result ofusing this technology, caregivers can reduce the errors especiallythose occurring due to inaccurate transcription to improve patient’ssafety (Huston, 2013). More importantly, the software tool enhancesdecision making since it provides essential information and enablespractitioners to determine the best model to achieve rationaldecisions thereby promoting the quality of care they provide.
TheTechnology’s Impact on the Nursing Practice.
Awide use of CPOE tool can have positive impacts such as improvingboth nurses’ response to the patient’s medical needs andcooperation between nurses in teamwork activities while at the sametime facilitating access to vital patient’s information(Lupiáñez-Villanueva etal.,2011). More importantly, adoption of this technology can improvedecisions caregivers make since it provides shared information suchas patient’s response to treatment and medical history both thatare useful in the determination of the best treatment. According toHuston (2013), CPOE tool ensures nurses achieve the best course ofactions through proper organization of knowledge thereby enhancinghealth care delivery.
Challengesin Use and Implementation of Computerized Provider Order Entry.
Althoughthis technology has diverse benefits in a medical field, its adoptionin hospitals and research institutions face some challenges. Forinstance, the technology is expensive not only in installation andmaintenance but also in the training of nurses for safe use andincreased productivity (Bayramzadeh & Alkazemi, 2014).Additionally, a clinical facility needs to have a good and functionalmanagement system in which CPOE integration is compatible. In mostcases, the integration of such technologies in the facilitiesmanagement system increases productivity, efficiency in resources useand reduce the overall cost (Huston, 2013). In this case, asuccessful implementation of CPOE requires a facility to have enoughcapital and a good Information Technology (IT) infrastructure.Moreover, the institution’s management should ensure that thenursing team is well trained to efficiently and safely use the tool(Bayramzadeh & Alkazemi, 2014). In doing so, the management willhave engaged the nurses to support the change implementation while atthe same time availing the skills necessary to avoid technologicalthreats.
Inbrief, the information and technological tools in the field ofmedicine have greatly improved service delivery and patient’ssatisfaction. In a critical way, such tools are developed to supportthe contributions of all stakeholder including the patient, thepractitioners, family, and researchers thereby increasing not onlythe hospital’s productivity but also opportunities for achievingsolutions to health issues. These technologies, however, posessignificant threats to users something which necessitates criticalanalysis to determine the risks of their adoption in an institution.
Bayramzadeh,S., & Alkazemi, M. F. (2014). Centralized vs. DecentralizedNursing Stations: An Evaluation of the Implications of CommunicationTechnologies in Healthcare. HealthEnvironments Research & Design Journal (HERD) (Vendome GroupLLC),7(4), 62-80.
Huston,C. (2013). The Impact of Emerging Technology on Nursing Care: WarpSpeed Ahead. OnlineJournal of Issues in Nursing,18(2), 1. doi:10.3912/OJIN.Vol18No02Man01
Imouokhome,f. & Osubor, V. (2012). Mobile-Device-BasedTelemedicine for Improved Health-Wealth.Benin City. Nigeria: African Journal of Computing & ICT. ISSN2006-1781
Lupiáñez-Villanueva,F., Hardey, M., Torrent, J., & Ficapal, P. (2011). Theintegration of Information and Communication Technology into nursing.International Journal of Medical Informatics, 80(2),133-140. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2010.11.001