Theresearch regarding the effects of capital punishment aims to find outthe relationship between such penalties and the desired effects oflowering the homicide rates. Consequently, discoveries of theresearch investigating that capital punishments decrease or evenincrease the crime rates especially murders by a particular time orhave absolute no relation should not be an influence to the policymaking processes regarding capital punishments (Sarat,2011).This paper, however, chooses to offer the ethical standpointregarding death penalties and provides the deterrent effects of thedeath penalties.
Itis, in fact, more than a mere coincidence that with the occurrence ofexecutions, there is a plummeted number of crimes in the communities.A publicly available FBI research spanning for a span of twenty-fouryears from 1979 to 2004 shows there is a correlation. Therelationship depicts that when the number of executions increases,murders decrease, and when the executions decrease, the murdersincrease (Mandery,2011).With the current technological advances in the study of crimes,followed by sophisticated statistical analysis, there has now beenconsistent reports that capital punishments offer a pivotal effect inthe reduction of murders in communities. The effect is that eachexecution prevents a range of three to eighteen homicides(Janzekovic,2013).
Consequentially,with all the recent studies to establish the relation between capitalpunishment and reduced crime rates, there has to be an ethicalapproach upon which the researchers base their findings. In supportof the research results, I find the positive impacts of capitalpunishments in reducing crime rates and explain them through theincapacitative theory of punishment. The ethical theory explains thatwith all the crimes in the society, the correction and detentionfacilities have an overall harm-reducing effect (Blecker,2013).The effect takes root in that, the detention centers put away andseparate the harmful people from the general public (Kramer2011).Following the argument from the theory, it is a moral lesson to allowthe processes of capital punishments and other punitive acts if therepressive acts do indeed reduce harm by debilitating harm-producingpeople than the other non-punitive practices.
Blecker,R. (2013). Thedeath of punishment: Searching for justice among the worst of theworst.
Janzekovic,J. (2013). TheUse of Force in Humanitarian Intervention: Morality andPracticalities.Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Kramer,M. H. (2011). Theethics of capital punishment: A philosophical investigation of eviland its consequences.Oxford University Press.
Mandery,E. J. (2011). CapitalPunishment in America: A Balanced Examination.Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Sarat,A., & Martschukat, J. (Eds.). (2011). Isthe death penalty dying?: European and American perspectives.Cambridge University Press.