Discussion Response

DISCUSSION RESPONSE 1

DiscussionResponse

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Indeed, occupational therapy assessment should focus on whether Ms.Hamel can perform ADLs. The physical demands of such practices willhelp to measure her level of functional competence (Dean &ampDornelas De Andrade, 2009). Hence, the OT practitioner would identifyMr. Hamel’s deficits and propose activities befitting her physicalstate (Dean &amp Dornelas De Andrade, 2009). For older persons,rehabilitation is customarily geared towards enhancing theirfunctional capacities. In this regard, Ms. Hamel should focus onperforming some activities regardless of her restricted mobility(Dean &amp Dornelas De Andrade, 2009). Nevertheless, it is essentialfor an occupational therapist to consider the risks,contraindications, and side effects of each intervention. Thesix-point system should be used to analyze various factors includingmedication and lifestyle (Dean &amp Dornelas De Andrade, 2009).Furthermore, her patient chart must be reviewed to identify anyprecautions established by the previous physician. In many instances,the occupational therapy assistant is used to assess the client anddetermine possible interventions. Daily notes on the patient mustalso be reviewed to evaluate Ms. Hamel’s progress.

I agree with the claim that Mr. Fedricks’ vision problems could bedue to diabetes. In fact, the disease damages blood vessels in theretina and causes color discrimination and reduced contrastsensitivity (Hooper, 2009). Notwithstanding, the occupationaltherapist can address such deficits by educating Mr. Fedricks onvision substitution techniques. Other important factors includeenvironmental modifications and community resources (Hooper, 2009).Additionally, Mr. Fedricks should be trained on how to use variousoptical devices during ADLs. Consequently, the patient willexperience an improved quality of life. Mr. Fedricks would alsoperform more tasks while reducing his level of frustration (Hooper,2009). The incidence of both vision and hearing loss may force theclient to avoid participating in activities that cause increasedstress. Therefore, the occupational therapist must proposeinterventions that will address Mr. Fedricks’ physical challengesand build his self-esteem.

References

Dean, E. &amp Dornelas De Andrade, A. (2009).Cardiovascular andPulmonary Function. In Functional performance in older adults(pp. 85-100). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.

Hooper, C.R. (2009).Sensory Function. In Functional performance inolder adults (pp. 101-129). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.

Discussion Response

DISCUSSION RESPONSE 1

DiscussionResponse

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Indeed, Mr. Smith and Mr. Morales have maintained their physicalfitness by riding bikes and dancing, respectively. Furthermore, bothmen spend considerable time with family and friends. However, theyexperience varying health problems such as diabetes and arthritis.While Mr. Smith lives alone as a widower, Mr. Morales takes care ofhis infirm wife and adult son.

I agree with the assertion that aging is programmed by a person’sgenetic make-up. In particular, the free radical theory could accountfor the excellent health of Mr. Morales. Free radicals produced bystress can cause cellular death. On the other hand, proper nutritionand exercise has the potential to cause oxidative damage (Bengston &ampBonder, 2009). Regular jogging has the potential to suppress the rateof metabolism such that it reduces cellular destruction. Moreover,the evolutionary theory attributes the differences in aging betweenthe two men to heritable genes (Bengston &amp Bonder, 2009). Thesocial exchange theory also explains the benefits that Mr. Moralesderives from driving his friends and helping his adult son.Consequently, instrumental, evaluative, and existential meanings canguide the OT practitioner to determine the individual circumstancesof both Mr. Smith and Mr. Morales.

An occupational therapist must consider the impact of differentmeanings during the formulation of different interventions. ThePerson-Environment-Occupation model can be used with Mr. Smith andMr. Morales since it identifies the links between health andmeaningful activities (Orellano-Colón et al., 2015). An occupationaltherapist must be guided by local customs before recommending anyinterventions. For example, elderly clients such as Mr. Morales wouldappreciate dancing as a viable method of maintaining physicalfitness. Moreover, the Model of Human Occupation can be used to focuson aspects of performance, habituation, and volition.

References

Bengtson, V. L., &amp Bonder, B. R. (2009). Theories of Aging: AMultidisciplinary Review for Occupational and Physical Therapist. InFunctional Performance in Older Adults (3rd ed.,pp. 28-44). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.

Orellano-Colón, E.,M., Mountain, G. A., Rosario, M., Colón, Z.,M.,Acevedo, S., &amp Tirado, J. (2015). Environmental restrictors tooccupational participation in old age: Exploring differences acrossgender in puerto rico. International Journal of EnvironmentalResearch and Public Health, 12(9), 11288-11303.

Discussion Response

DISCUSSION RESPONSE 1

DiscussionResponse

UniversityAffiliation

Indeed, a certified occupational therapy assistant (COTA) has a vitalrole in the evaluation process (AOTA, 2015). In this regard, a COTAmay be tasked with noting the client’s capabilities. Furthermore,the occupational therapist may need an assistant to provide verbaland written accounts of observations (AOTA, 2015). Granted, federaland state laws must be used as guidelines to determine the level ofparticipation permitted for a COTA. The American Occupational TherapyAssociation may provide some suggestions on delegated assessment.Moreover, all OT tools must be regulated to ensure uniformity.Therefore, a COTA can utilize similar assessment mechanismsregardless of the location of his practice. In many instances,assistants are required to collect and analyze assessment results(Crist, 2014). A COTA is obligated to respect established protocols.Notwithstanding, an OT practitioner does not abdicate his primaryresponsibilities.

During the evaluation process, a COTA may be required to providesignificant information to the occupational therapist (Crist, 2014).Such details may include observations of the client’s behavior. Thepatient’s family history could also help the OT practitioner toestablish the impact of genetics. Some assistants contribute to theevaluation process by conducting client assessments. A COTA mustsupport the occupational therapist to acquire sufficient skills andtechniques. In this respect, an assistant would be qualified toconduct evaluation in the absence of the OT practitioner. The inputprovided by a COTA is used to determine probable interventions. Onsome occasions, the registered professional may encounter a viableconflict of interest. Such situations primarily occur when there areseveral clients to evaluate. Ultimately, the occupational therapistis held accountable for providing safe and effective services.Therefore, a COTA’s assigned tasks during evaluation must besupervised (Crist, 2014).

References

American Occupational Therapy Association. (2015). Standards ofpractice for occupational therapy. American Journal ofOccupational Therapy, 69(Suppl. 3), 6913410057.

Crist, P. A. (2014). Competence and Professional Development. InWillard &amp Spackman`s Occupational Therapy (12th ed., pp.989-1004). Baltimore, MD: Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams,&amp Wilkins.

Discussion Response

DISCUSSION RESPONSE 1

DiscussionResponse

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Module 2Discussion 1

Indeed, communication plays a vital role in ensuring organizationexcellence. It is important to have a well-defined objective beforecommunicating to employees. Furthermore, the adopted strategy mustcater for the entire firm rather than seek to satisfy a singledepartment. Successful companies must use the direct structure tocommunicate to its workers. Providing vague or incomplete informationcreates room for misinterpretation. The indirect means ofcommunication may also lead to distortion of instructions. Hence,employees will lack clear direction with regards to expectedstandards and deliverables. Granted, workers may need to be educatedon the importance of being good communicators. Therefore, anorganization should initiate team building activities to enhancecooperation. Additionally, the management should solicit for andincorporate suggestions provided by employees before making crucialdecisions. Consequently, the entity will attain all its goals andobjectives.

Module 2Discussion 2

I agree with theassertion that successful organizations must adopt strategic means ofcommunication. In particular, a company should send clear andunderstandable messages to limit possible occurrences of distortion.Besides, passionate communication shows reliability and hence addsforce to the instructions. Discerning firms recognize the difficultyof retaining information. Hence, frequent repetitions are essentialto remind employees of their obligations. Moreover, inconsistenciesin the instructions derail the communication process. In manyinstances, an enterprise could choose to educate and train itsworkers. Staff members should learn of organizational developmentsfrom the management rather than from social media and otherplatforms. Direct communication with employees provides anopportunity for clarifications. Inevitably, workers will feelisolated and undervalued if they lacked the opportunity to askquestions. In this respect, online conference calls and face-to-facemeetings should be used to address any concerns and promotecooperation. Ultimately, staff members are indispensable to asuccessful company.