Earcondition affects various people at different stages in life. OtitisMedia and Otitis Externa are examples of ear complications thataffect children and adults. Otitis Media refers to the inflammationof the middle ear that is associated with an infection. It is usuallycaused by bacteria that concentrate on the middle ear. Occasionally,the condition may be caused by fungi or even other pathogens such asherpes virus. Clinicians check for various symptoms that includereduced hearing, ear pain and an observation of an inflamed eardrumwith fluid. In some cases, patients also present withy fever (Rhoads& Jensen, 2014).
OtitisExterna refers to an infection or inflammation of the externalauditory canal commonly referred to as the auricle. Sometimes it canbe an infection of both parts. The condition has various signs andsymptoms which include hearing loss and ear pressure (Goolsby &Grubbs, 2014). Itching is also experienced especially in fungal orchronic Otitis Externa. Exposure to water, forceful cleaning and useof hearing aids can lead to ear trauma. Some patients experiencesevere deep pain and discharge which is initially clear but becomespus-filled and with foul smell (Rhoads & Jensen, 2014). Despitethe fact that the condition manifests itself in all age groups,aquatic athletes are more prone to the infection. In addition, it ismore common in summer since many people engage in swimming. Inchildren, the condition is associated with insertion of foreignmaterials.
Thetwo conditions differ from each other however, they may manifestsimultaneously. Both conditions manifest across all age groups.However, in children, Otitis Media is likely to lead to hearing lossthan in adults. The rationale for this is that children have ashorter Eustachian tube making bacteria have ease of access to theinternal organs. Why conducting the physical examination, thepatient`s history regarding previous upper respiratory tractinfection (URTI) and the duration of the pain. The presence of URTImay suggest the presence of bacteria, which is the primary cause ofOtitis Media. The duration of the ache may help the clinicians tounderstand if the complication is acute or chronic (Goolsby &Grubbs, 2014). Symptoms like pain are similar in both conditions andtherefore, one cannot use it as the distinguishing factor. Thediagnosis helps in determining the condition of the patient thusright prescription.
Rhoads,J., & Jensen, M. M. (2014). DifferentialDiagnosis for the Advanced Practice Nurse.New York N.Y.: Springer Publishing Company.
Goolsby,M. J., & Grubbs, L. (2014). Advancedassessment: Interpreting findings and formulating differentialdiagnoses.Philadelphia: FA Davis.