Economicand Social History of Latin America
of the Introduction
Thispart give insight on how the Soviet Union’s reigned over itssatellite countries as well as the end of Cold War. There was dangerconcerning the spread of communism, and the US had committed variousatrocities in the Latin America while making an attempt to stop it.Communism was seen as an evil force before the Americans and U.S.S.Rhad become a threat to the entire world thanks to their possessionof various nuclear weapons.
Inthe course of this interruption, different approaches were used,which were not favorable to the residents in this part of thecontinent. One of the techniques employed was the Bay of PigsInvasion where the American-sponsored paramilitary group brigadeinvaded Cuba. The intention of such an attack was to overthrow thegovernment of Fidel Castro. There was a confrontation between thearmies of Democratic Revolutionary Front (DRF) and the CentralIntelligence Agency (CIA). After three days struggle, the invadingforce was defeated following a fierce confrontation with the CubanRevolutionary Armed Forces. The second method was the assassinationsof the leaders in the countries nonetheless, such attempts did notgo through since the CIA was continuously defeated. Castro orderedtroops that were stronger than their opponents, and this made thememerge victoriously. The last one was the destabilization of thedemocratically elected governments. The countries that were affectedincluded Cuba, Chile, Brazil, Guatemala, and British Guiana. Forinstance, in Cuba, Castro became the president after he overthrew thegovernment of Batista who was closely connected to the Americans.
Justlike in the case of the Republic of Dominican, the US had sentmarines full of armies from the local strongmen since the generalpublic was well armed. As a result, the military managed to captureseveral firearms and other weapons from the public.
of Chapter 1
Thissection praises the work that the USA did in Latin America, likewiping away the European rule that had dominated this region.Nonetheless, its intentions were self-centered any action that thegovernment took only served its interest rather than the citizens ofthe respective states. It seemed that most of the sections of theLatin America had embraced the European leadership, which was againstthe wishes of the US. Most kingdoms wanted the leaders of theirorigin and not those imposed by other superior states.
Americahad heavily invested in the Latin part, and it continued to pump inmore money according to the statistics provided. For instance, inVenezuela, the figure stood at $ 3 million in 1913, and by 1929, ithad tremendously increased to $ 206. America did not support anymonopoly businesses that excluded their interest especially, the oilsection, a situation that the State Department officials were awareof and reported the same to President Vicente Gomez. These complaintswere not taken seriously by the US officials though the citizens andespecially the government did not welcome such news. As time went by,the Standard Oil from New Jersey started to exercise their controlover the Venezuela petroleum. To maximize the opportunity, theydecided to look for a way to dominate its production, in this region.It is during this period that the bribes were suggested to PresidentGomez so that he could not complain over similar acts of governingthe sensitive areas of his country’s economic activity.
of an Interpretation
Thereis no good reason to glorify the actions that the US was doingbecause all was made out of a malicious intention for it benefits.The citizens of the countries, in question, were adversely affected,but the harmful activities were still taking place withoutconsidering the danger that they were being exposed to. Undeniably,if the actions of America were out of good faith, why did they decideto assassinate the president of the Cuban origin and endorse theirown? It is very clear that America wanted to gain particularly, fromthe oil during this era. Its operations cannot be justified whetherthey were after the U.S.S.R or the communism and if they can, andthen diplomacy procedures would have been followed to solve thecrisis.
Atthe Dominican Republic, the general public was disarmed. TheConstitution of USA mandated its citizens to be in possession ofweapons, but the same was not exercised here. It is an indicationthat even the non-Americans gained access to the ammunitions, andthis is the people who were targeted.
Wecan as well see that the investments in states, like Venezuela, werevery high and increased every year. It is normal for any super powerstate to pump such a large amount of money in specified countries.The decision on the state to finance in cannot be compromised becausethat is a choice and not a command. There are claims that the USofficials tried to bribe the leaders, like President Gomez, mostprobably to gain access to the oil fields. The issue of corruptionjeopardizes everything, and these contributions can be doubted.
Ina nutshell, the introduction and the first chapter of this book havea lot to convey to the entire world concerning the outcries that werecommitted in Latin America. Some of the issues were known beforewhile others have been disclosed for the first time.