Educationis a vital aspect of human life it is through it that people acquirerelevant knowledge that takes them through stages of life. The valueplaced on education is relative some find it valuable while othershave no concern about its existence. Some acquire knowledge forpurposes of career benefits, while others acquire it for personalreasons like self-fulfillment, titles and fulfilling the need thatthey have acquired education to a certain level. Education across theglobe has different systems and way of functioning depending on theneed that it is entitled to achieve. Different governments put inplace policies that govern the education systems in their respectivecountries.
Frommy personal educational beliefs and values, any education systemshould be all round to cater for needs that are relevant in the givensociety. Education has to bear fruits that are visible and arewholesome, for instance, having an intelligent individual who is alsomorally upright. Many of the education systems that do exist focus onthe intelligence part leaving out other areas that are also crucialfor one to live and fit in society.
Thereare different philosophies of education that explain the ideas behindaspects of education. Among them are perennialism, essentialism andprogressivism. Perennialism aim of education is to ensure thatlearners can acquire the understanding that entails quality ideas ofwestern civilization the ideas have the potential to solve problemsthat may arise in any era. The main focus is to teach ideas that areenduring, truthful, not changing and natural in nature. Philosophersunder this school of thought believe that the human mind needsdevelopment because human beings are rational beings(Jenks, Lee, & Kanpol, 2001).The education system that focuses on this philosophy emphasizes onintellect development to solve life questions.
Essentialismphilosophy of education holds a belief that there is an existence ofcore knowledge that needs to be transmitted to learners in adisciplined and systematic manner. The emphasis of this school ofthought is on the development of intellectual and moral standards oflearners. They believe that schooling should be practical inpreparation for learners to become valuable individuals in a societylike having respect for authority, hard work, respect and above alldignity in all circles of life. This philosophy focuses on developingproductive skills that citizens require to make something good out oflife. According to this philosophy, only essential knowledge isnecessary to make the education sector work(Silver, Strong, & Perini, 2000).Teacher initiative is very vital as it is seen as an adultresponsibility to give direction and guidance to the minors who arestill not sure of what to pursue or do under different circumstances.
Progressivismphilosophy puts its full focus on the whole child as opposed toteacher and content. Experiencing the world by self rather than bybeing taught is the main focus in this philosophy (Jenks,Lee, & Kanpol, 2001).Learners are to experiment life by themselves then create questionsof what seems vague and search for answers to acquire knowledge abouta particular thing.
Maingoals for shaping instruction
Theschools` curriculum should be on point to cater for specific needs ofsociety. For instance, the curriculum in the USA is different fromthat in African countries because the two serve different needs.Apart from the curriculum being on board, the role of teachers is tofocus on the entire wholesome approach to the education of a learner(Silver, Strong, & Perini, 2000).A learner should be exposed to the different aspects that will enablethem to develop all round.
Studentsshould be encouraged to do their part without fail as they focus ontheir line of interest without failing to participate in otheraspects too (Jenks,Lee, & Kanpol, 2001).Many education systems focus on the intellectual aspect which not allstudents fit in this category others have interests in sports, artor even nurturing their talents which not many of the school systemssupport this.
Thelearning styles are not flexible to accommodate the differencesportrayed in individuals. The majority of education systems focus onclassroom activities such as lectures and taking notes while fewpractical subjects are put in place this limits slow learners whomay learn better with visual aids or more practical skills(Silver, Strong, & Perini, 2000).Several adjustments should be done to accommodate a morecomprehensive approach that allows a majority of learners to benefitfrom the education.
Despitethe different ideas brought about by philosophies, teamwork,dedication to achieve and discipline are crucial aspects for successin the education system. The teachers working as a team bears morepositive results than a divided teaching fraternity(Silver, Strong, & Perini, 2000).Learning the different individual differences that are inevitableallows better handling of learners hence better outcome.
Educationbeing a paramount aspect of life, dedication to making it count iscrucial. The different bodies that are concerned about the wellbeingof education should ensure proper systems are in place to allowpositive outcome from learners that will affect the growth ofsociety. The learner is the main focus in education other partiescome on board to ensure success in the whole education process.Understanding individual needs and using appropriate tools results tosuccess in achieving desired goals.
Jenks,C., Lee, J. O., & Kanpol, B. (2001). Approaches to multiculturaleducation in pre-service teacher education: Philosophical frameworksand models for teaching. TheUrban Review,33(2),87-105.
Silver,H. F., Strong, R. W., & Perini, M. J. (2000). Soeach may learn: Integrating learning styles and multipleintelligences.Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1703 NorthBeauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311-1714.