TheUnited States government had important goals for introducing theelectronic health record through the American Recovery andReinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009. The main purpose of the ARRA was toaddress the effects of the Great Depression by safeguarding anddeveloping immediate jobs. Another purpose was to increaseinvestments in programs affected by the economic recession forexample, health and education (David, 2010). The ARRA had HealthInformation Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act thatprovided financial investment to the health sector valued at $155.1billion. $25.8 billion was specifically allocated for healthinformation technology projects for example, the introduction of the (EHR) (Jackie & Michael, 2009).Electronic health records improve the quality of healthcare byensuring immediate access to patient and research information byhealth professionals.
ElectronicHealth Records have several advantages. Health professionalseffectively enter and retrieve patient data from the health system.EHR has expansion modules for specialties like orthopedics,neurology, and gastroenterology (Advanced Data Systems, 2016). Theelectronic software indicates the data that should be filed by thehealth staff. EHR software provides consolidated data. Patientcontact details, history, test results, and imaging are integratedinto a single record to improve access by health staff. The maindisadvantage of EHR is limited patient and organization privacy. Anyperson who has the log-in details has full access to patientinformation (Wasserman, 2016). Unauthorized access to the system cancause identity theft. Health data can also be lost if the computerprogram crashes.
Adoptionof EHR concerns the public because it aims at improving the deliveryof health services (Kollar, 2016). A doctor or nurse will providegood healthcare because of the quick information generated by theelectronic system. However, the medical team should put proper datasecurity and backup systems to safeguard patient information (Zhou etal. 2016). EHR is beneficial because it provides sufficient data forhealth research and evidence-based practices.
AdvancedData Systems. (2016). Pros and Cons of .Retrieved from http://healthcare.adsc.com/blog/Pros-and-Cons-of-Electronic-Health-Records
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