Childrenare entitled to some basic rights and their parents are responsiblefor ensuring that they are enjoyed. Children are entitled to somebasic rights and their parents are responsible for ensuring that theyenjoy these rights. These rights include sustainable access to healthand education. However, as a result of ignorance by some parents, thegovernment has come up with new and developed strategies, whichensure that these rights are not infringed on. Notably, governmentsall over the world have showed ethical considerations by settingaside policies to control health care and education. On the otherhand, parents are expected to behave ethically by providing childrenwith proper healthcare and enrolling them to schools. Thoughgovernments and parents are supposed to work together, this haselicited heated debates on who is better placed at ensuring thatchildren rights are upheld.
Ina normal society, parents are expected to take care of their childrenand more so raise them in a good manner. They are expected to protectthe rights of their children in all ways and especially in ensuringthey get basic rights. This is in line with the Kant principle, whichallows parents to maintain their parental rights on their childreneven when they are foster babies (Lovingstine,2015).Consequently, guardians have the responsibility of supporting theirminors in all possible manners. Comparing parents and thegovernment, parents are at a better position of taking care ofchildren since they stand a better chance in proving proper care totheir children when it comes to exercising basic rights. This isaided by the fact that they spend most of their time with their kidswhich therefore proves that they are at a much better position inmonitoring both educational and health matters. Additionally, Parentshave the chance of providing a balanced diet and ensuring that theyare physically fit by monitoring their physical activities.Consequently, they can provide tangible assistance and instrumentalsupport to their children at all times (Wardet. al, 2016).
Whenit to come educational matters, guardians are also responsible oftheir children’s progress in school. The utilitarianism theoryinsists that parents should be ethical by taking their duty. In somecases, children lack the chance of getting education due to theunethical behavior from their parents. According to Arrow, heexplains that this theory solves problem by ensuring that childrenget the maximum welfare from the society (Shulman,2014). In UK, there are laws which support inclusive education and allparents are supposed to take their children to school and this hasbeen ratified in the UN Convection of the Rights of the Child(Anonymous, 2016). This law protects children’s rights and theirinterests as well (UNICEF). This law controls parents by ensuringthat their children get educated. Glynn (2012) notes that mothersneed more leaves from their jobs so they can continue supportingtheir children. Finally, guardians are at a better position tosupport their children academically since they can assist them inhomework unlike the government that does not have a direct link withthe child. Parents can also choose the most appropriate school thatbest fits the personality of the child which increases the chance oftheir success.
Thegovernment is also expected to be ethically responsible in mattersconcerning health and education for children. In matters of health,the government seems to be playing a great role in ensuring qualityhealthcare is provided to children. For instance, In the US Poliovaccine is compulsory for children and this mandate is given toguardians by the government and failure to do this may attract fines.This policy reduces the burden of contracting infectious diseases andreduces the level of human suffering. It helps those vaccinated toget immunity and protect the babies with HIV (Born, Yiu, & Sullivan,2014).However, the vaccine has been received negatively by the publicbecause of its side effects which includes vomiting, body aches,redness and swelling. Fever is also another serious side effect whichmay lead to death (Anonymous, n.d.). The government is also at abetter position of taking care of children by reducing health carecosts in public hospitals and by the provision of community educationprograms.
Oneducation matters, the governments advocates for access to qualityeducation to children. In the US, the Children’s Act states thatevery child has the right to education and it is the duty of theparent to support the child. The government also observes ethics byensuring that children with disabilities are not left out inaccessing basic rights. Through the Individuals with DisabilitiesEducation Act (IDEA) which is the federal law that requires schoolgive equal education to the people living with disabilities (Lee,2014). In this case, parents should not hide their children at homerather they should take them to school. Governments also regulate thequality of education by employing teachers and through the reviewingof the curriculum it ensures that children get the best.
Whileparents are expected to take care of their children, some of them areignorant and not sensitive to their children’s health, an issuewhich is controlled by the government. Concerning education, thereare parents who do not see the value of education to their childrenbut unless they are coerced to take them to school by the government,they are never willing to do so voluntarily. On the other hand, thegovernment has been campaigning for the compulsory vaccine to thechildren which has resulted to negative perception to the children.To some extent, parents are taking this sabotage as a means ofcontrolling the population of the nation. On the issue concerningeducation the government provides the policies but they do not make afollow up which make the education systems ineffective especially inthe public schools. These schools are flooded with many children andhence the government is unable to control the quality of educationand this has taken the efforts of the parents to seek for betterschools such as the private schools.
Thepaper has given a good reflection of roles of each party to thehealth and education matters of children. Both parties have ethicalresponsibility towards the development of children. However, bycomparing the two sides, parents are better in taking responsibilityof the children. This is because they have direct connection with thechildren unlike the government which connects to the child throughthe teacher. Unlike the government, parents can monitor the behaviorof the child hence they know them better and more. Parents can alsoshow guidance to their children on health and education issues in afree manner unlike teachers who are strict since they follow therules and regulation as provided by the government.
Born,K., Yiu.,V &Sullivan.T.(2014).Provinces divided over mandatory vaccination for school children.Retrievedfrom<http://healthydebate.ca/2014/05/topic/health-promotion-disease-prevention/mandatory-school-entry-vaccinationsUnicef(n.d.) A summary of the UN Convection on the Rights of the Child.Accessed fromhttps://www.unicef.org.uk/Documents/Publication-pdfs/betterlifeleaflet2012_press.pdfLovingstine,N. B (2015). Ethical Considerations When Placing Children in FosterCare. Accessed fromhttps://adoption.com/forums/thread/409196/ethical-considerations-when-placing-children-in-foster-care/Ward,et. al (2016). Parents have role to play in encouraging healthybehaviors. Accessed fromhttp://www.humankinetics.com/excerpts/excerpts/parents-have-role-to-play-in-encouraging-healthy-behaviorsShulman,J. (2014). Theconstitutional parent: Rights, responsibilities, and theenfranchisement of the child.Lee, A (2014). How IDEAprotects you and your child. Accessed fromhttps://www.understoodorg/en/school-learning/your-childs-rights/basics-about-childs-rights/how-idea-protects-you-and-your-childAnonymous (2016). Center forstudies on inclusive education. Accessed formhttps://wwwunderstoodorg/en/school-learning/your-childs-rights/basics-about-childs-rights/how-idea-protects-you-and-your-childGlynn, S. J (2012). Factsheet: child care. Accessed fromhttps://www.americanprogress.org/issues/labor/news/2012/08/16/11978/fact-sheet-child-care/