Evolution of Criminology

Evolutionof Criminology

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Evolutionof Criminology

SocialPolicy Implication&nbsp

Thefuture of crime fighting rests on the role of technology indeveloping effective methods to deter the wrong doers and maintainpeaceful relations among the citizens (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).It is the ambition of any society to minimize crime. The rapidtechnological advancements have not only made it possible tocommunicate, but they have also advanced the crime-deterringtechniques. Cybercrime has evolved alongside the technologicaladvancements and now, hackers can access other people’s crucialdata such as financial records and other critical information and useit against the owners (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).Therefore, there is the need to reconsider the available measures todeter criminal activities in the technological systems.

Oneway of dealing with the evolving varieties of crime is the use ofstricter social policies (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).The strict legal steps should be initiated against the perpetratorsof these crimes. The social systems have to change in relation to thedevelopments in the technological field. Many provisions are neededto foster the investigation of the various inventions regarding theirshortcoming and how they may make the users vulnerable to crime(Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).It would aid to develop these discoveries further and fill theloopholes that make the users susceptible to criminal activities.

Otheradjustments in the social policies include redefining crime. Manyillegal activities are not recognized in the current legal provisionsand social policies (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).It is, therefore, imperative to revise these statutes to accommodatethe new and dynamic definitions of criminal activities. Thisinitiative would assist the law enforcement officers to tackle thesecrimes under legal authority and without the fear of violation of thecitizens’ rights. Due to the potential of criminal activities tocause far worse results than other types of crimes, the deterring oftechnological evil should be given more weight (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).It might be advisable for the law enforcement to develop a team ofspecialist officers, to deal with these matters more efficiently thanthe regular administrators.

EvolvingLaw Enforcement and Forensic Technologies used to Detect CriminalActivities

Accordingto Welsh&amp Harris (2016), thetechnology that is available today is a double edged sword as itprovides the law breakers with more sophisticated methods ofcommitting their crimes. On the other hand, the policy makers arepresented with tools that are efficient in tackling and detectingcriminal activities. Criminology has always been linked withtechnology since the early stages. Some previous techniques used inthis field include the telephone, automobiles, telegraphs and radios.Today, technology offers a vast array of options, which are moresophisticated than the traditional techniques (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).The common types of advanced devices used today to fight crimeinclude laser-enabled measuring instruments, cellular devices,automated systems, video surveillance and eavesdropping electronics.Technology has enabled the development of less lethal weapons thatare useful in combating various types of illegal activities withvarying magnitudes.

Theautomobiles used today by the law enforcement officers are fittedwith many types of technological devices that enhance the officer’ssafety and improve their crime deterring activities (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).The patrol cars use transponder-based automatic location systems thatoperate under the satellite positioning systems. The globalpositioning systems (GPS) indicate the location of the patrol cars,hence aiding the dispatchers in reducing the police response time inthe instances of crimes or crisis (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).Many of the dispatch systems are computer based, which assists indifferentiating locations. These systems provide data of pastoccurrences of crimes that is critical in detecting crime trends andsequences. Therefore, these methods are useful for locating a crimescene and identifying the likelihood of occurrence of offenses, andthey aid to prevent the incidence of such offenses.

Someof the creative crime-fighting-technologies developed include theTasers and beanbag rounds. Other new inventions include the frequencystrobe lights, electromagnetic pulsing devices, and the “Spidermansnare.” According to Welsh&amp Harris (2016), theNational Institute of Justice (NIJ) tests allthe newly developed technologies alongside the Federal Bureau ofInvestigation (FBI), to determine the potential usefulness of theseinventions within crime deterring activities. NIJ created aTechnology Assessment Program (TAP) that focuses on developingprotective equipment, communication and electronic devices, forensicsciences, weapons and transportation technologies (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).

PossibleCivil Liberty or Ethical Violations

Itis important to consider whether all these technological advancementswill be useful in deterring the commitment of crime among the lawenforcement officers (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).It is, therefore, useful to initiate policy measures that control theuse of each of these technologies. Sometimes these inventionsthreaten the integrity of the sources of data. They raise concerns onissues such as privacy, freedom of speech and several other humanfreedoms that may be compromised. The American constitution wentthrough amendments where the first and the fourth of these changesguarantee the citizens the freedom of expression and immunity againstrandom searches and arrests (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).However, the law does not recognize these current trends such as thethreats caused by technologies and advanced communication methods,which are enhanced by advances in technology that were inexistent atthe time of drafting the Constitution (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).

Thisissue has sparked debates on the considerations of the description ofprivacy and the freedom of expression. Therefore the law enforcementofficers will need to develop the necessary techniques for fightingthe crimes committed using the technological inventions and protectsthe rights of other parties. The law enforcers face the task ofdeveloping policy options that will respect the rights of thecitizens (Welsh&amp Harris, 2016).


Welsh,W. N., &amp Harris, P. W. (2016).&nbspCriminalJustice Policy and Planning: Planned Change. Routledge.