French and Dutch Exploration

FRENCH AND DUTCH EXPLORATION 3

Frenchand Dutch Exploration

Frenchand Dutch Exploration

Franceand the Netherlands` explorers to North America in the 1600s were insearch of a North Westerly passage to Asia, trade opportunities andland. The Dutch started trading with Native Americans in the HudsonRiver Valley in 1610. For the French, Samuel de Champlain establishedthe settlement of Quebec along the St. Lawrence River in 1608(Richter, 2013).

Samuelde Champlain sailed to North America with the backing of Pierre DuguaDe Monts, who was a commanding general of New France. He succeeded inestablishing a lasting settlement for the French at a placeoverlooking the mouth of St. Lawrence River, now known as Quebec(Richter, 2013).

Theexplorer and the crew faced numerous hardships, including, diseases,food shortages, cold weather, and rebellion from the natives. He,however, managed to suppress the insurgence by creating allianceswith the locals. In 1609, Champlain agreed to accompany a group ofHuron, Montagnais, and Algonquians for a warring party in the enemyterritory of Iroquois. The natives succeeded in defeating theirenemy, the Iroquois, with the help of Champlain who shot two Iroquoischiefs. The French companions also killed more assailants (Richter,2013).

Samuelde Champlain’s decision to help in attacking, and subsequentlydefeating the native enemies, enabled him to build strategicpartnerships with Huron, Algonquians, and Montagnais. The Frenchcould then trade, intermarry and even introduce the groups toChristianity. For early American explorers like Samuel De Champlainand Henry Hudson of the Netherlands, creating alliances with thenatives was vital for their success. The Native Americans needed todevelop trust and friendships with the newcomers to engage in trade.The explorers also had to rely on the local people who understood theterrain better for their missions to succeed.

References

Richter,D. K. (2013). Beforethe revolution: America`s ancient pasts.Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.