General Systems Theory


GeneralSystems Theory

(GST) is a methodology that uses the systemsapproach to understand problems and complex phenomenon. Inparticular, it focuses on structure rather than function. GSTproposes that complex systems should share fundamental organizingprinciples regardless of their purpose. Furthermore, mathematicalmodels play a vital role in defining the extent of application. GSTrelates to the group process through various factors such asdifferentiation, teleology, directiveness, wholeness, andorganization. Furthermore, groups should be viewed as the treatmentof choice. Notably, participants can share experiences concerningtheir interpersonal challenges (Corey, Corey, &amp Corey, 2014). GSTfosters several facets that are critical to the unfolding of a group.Some of these factors include inter-member feedback, patterns ofresistance, emergence of conflict, building trust, and establishinggroup norms. Moreover, group techniques contain interventions aimedat facilitating movement within the unit. Some of these elementscomprise of methods of conducting interviews. Additionally, somemembers could be asked to role-play probable conflicts (Corey et al.,2014). In some cases, challenging an individual’s belief systemcould inspire rational thinking.

I would apply GST to group work by combining the feeling, thinking,and behaving dimensions. Granted, it would be challenging to developan integrative approach. Besides, I would use technical eclecticismto deploy multiple techniques from different models. On the otherhand, theoretical integration would use conceptual creation (Corey etal., 2014). In many instances, GST would apply to various types ofgroups. Some of these classifications include psychotherapy,counseling, psychoeducational units, and task groups (Corey et al.,2014). GST would also require the adoption of a multiculturalperspective towards collective work. In this respect, workers musthave the essential skills, awareness, and knowledge to handle diversemembers (Corey et al., 2014). Addressing cultural similarities anddifferences guarantee the group`s success.


Corey, M. S., Corey, G., &amp Corey, C. (2014). Groups: Processand Practice. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.