Technologyhas continued to advance exponentially however, some of theimprovements have continued to raise questions regarding the degreeof threat they pose to individuals as well as the information sourcesof organizations and the government. This situation has made itnecessary for entities to come up with mechanisms to safeguard theirdata from such dangers and risks. Hacking is a situation whereby athird party creates an illegitimate form of software and hardware forhim to manipulate or access functionalities hidden in a machine(Nordrum, 2014).
Memoryhacking, in computers, is the practice of modifying hardware andsoftware to achieve a goal that is out of the innovator`s intendedpurpose (Nordrum, 2014). Individuals who engage in this exercise, inmost cases, are not worried about the consequences that may arisefrom it.
Hackersidentify tools and scripts of carrying out their malicious actions,in line with the specific purposes they perform. Some of thestandard devices used in this aspect include but not limited to thefollowing:
a)Angry IP Scanner
Alsoknown as “IP scan,” it empowers individuals to trail and spypeople on their information by the use of their IP addresses. One canprobe the ports and the IP addresses in the attempt to get a leewayto the user’s system. The tool is open and a cross-platformsoftware, and arguably the most efficient available in thecontemporary market. Administrators of networks and servers engineersoften make use of it since it helps saves a lot of time. Forinstance, it is applied in cases where one has forgotten the IPaddress of a scheme on his network and when attempting totroubleshoot a given service that is running on the computer.Additionally, it is useful where one is wondering of other partiesthat may be connecting to his computer.
Thisapparatus came to the public in August 2015. It has the main versionknown as Kali Linux 2.0. The app comes with devices of circulationand interface. It has an enhanced hardware and backs a huge number ofdesktop surroundings. It is a security-oriented system of operationthat one can run off a compact disk and a USB (Yar, 2015). Thesecurity toolkit enables one to crack passwords of WI-FI, come upwith fake networks, and examine other susceptibilities.
c)Cain and Abel
Thisgadget is commonly used to recover passwords and hack computingsystems. It is applied primarily in the Microsoft systems. It enablesone to recover passwords by cracking coded words by the use of crudetechniques, like the dictionary approach. It is also proven to havethe ability to record VoIP exchanges and recuperate network keys of awireless system (Yar, 2015).
BurpSuite Spider is primarily applied in mapping out and listing thediverse factors and pages of a website by assessing the cookies andcoming up with connections having the applications within the site.It can quickly detect the vulnerable areas within a computer’smemory and find an appropriate region of attack.
Howto Protect a Computer from Hacking
I.Installation of a Firewall on the Computer
Firewallis available in forms, software and hardware. Its chief purpose is tosafeguard the computer from hackers and viruses through filtration ofall information that is allowed on the network (Yar, 2015). Since onecan customize the filters, it is easier to select whether to add ordelete the proper data. Some computers come with inbuilt firewalls.Nonetheless, in case it is missing, one can install a hardware one,like those that accompany home broadband routers, or a software onefrom software companies.
II.Setting up Anti-spyware
Spywareis device software mounted in computers without a person’s consent,and it can monitor an individual’s behavior, gather certaininformation, force unnecessary pop-ups, and advertisements or evenreorganize the network (Yar, 2015). It is, therefore, necessary tohave an anti-spyware to protect the computer from it since onceinstalled it is not easy to get rid of it.
III.Installing a Spam Blocker or a Screen in the Mail Account
Spamis one of the easiest ways hackers use to trick people (Yar, 2015).Though the leading method of remaining secure is to be careful whenopening attachments and downloading files from particular emails, onecan face out the risk by having a spam blocker or filter.Transmission of personal information is widespread, and people havemistaken it as a trusted and secure place. Nevertheless, immediatelyone logs into the internet, he is at risk of being hacked.
Significanceof the Concept in the Contemporary Society
Thepractice plays a pivotal role in organizations of the modern world.Firms can analyze their security posture at all levels of protectionexpertise (Nordrum, 2014). They can scan the weaknesses, assess entrypoints, precedence targets, and create strategies that bestinfluences the resources available. It is also essential for anorganization to have ethical hackers to tackle the challenge ofcybercrime and other fraudulent activities that are on the rise.
Nordrum,A. (2014). Hacking fear. PsychologyToday,47(5),9.
Yar,M. (2015). Computer Hacking: Just another Case of Delinquency?Howard Journal of Criminal Justice,44(4),387-399.