Kessell, J. L. (2011). A Long Time Coming: The Seventeenth-CenturyPueblo-Spanish War. New Mexico Historical Review, 86(2).
In 1680, the Pueblo Revolt saw the Indigenous Indians attacking theSpanish colonists that had occupied their origin. The revolt even sawthe death of around 400 Spanish settlers while 2000 of them werechased away from the province. Before the revolt, the Pueblo Indianswere exposed to attacks from the Spanish settlers and thatintensified the tension between the two sides. For instance, in 1598,the Spanish colonists were the ones that killed and enslaved someIndigenous Indians and cut the right feet of around 24 of the mencaptured. Evidently, the Pueblo Indians were tired of the entirescenario and took the opportunity to revenge all that during thePueblo Revolt instead.
McNamee, M. (2015). Steven J. Overman: The Protestant Ethic and theSpirit of Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, 42(1),157-158.
The rise of Puritanism is one of the important aspects of the USHistory at that period. In fact, it was a product of the ProtestantReformation, and they insisted on a life of purity. They relied onthe staunch religious beliefs that insisted on the families living alife that complied with the morals. In fact, it is an importantaspect of the US History since it highlights the lifestyle of thepeople at that time. They spend most of the time reading the Bibleand hearing sermons that relied on the teachings that John Calvincreated. All in all, they even opposed some of the elements that werepart of the Catholic religion as well.
Nunn, N., & Wantchekon, L. (2011). The slave trade and theorigins of mistrust in Africa. The American Economic Review,101(7), 3221-3252.
The article revealed the beginning of slave trade and the samereasons that led to the same experience as well. For instance, theslaves were taken from Africa to America where they worked inplantations. Most of the plantations had sugarcane, coffee, and teathat were the raw materials during the industrial revolution. In theprocess, the article also outlines the way they survived in Americaand the way they came up to be an important part of the US History.In fact, the Civil War is another event associated with the slavessince the two sides had disagreed on the appropriate way to handlethe issue. The struggle to fit in the society and the freedom wasquite critical.
Grund, P. J. (2012). The nature of knowledge: Evidence andevidentiality in the witness depositions from the Salem witch trials.American Speech, 87(1), 7-38.
The Salem witch trials are another activity that is important in theUS History and shows how religion was still a critical event. Thetrials that took place in 1692 saw the group of witches facing thelaw. The Salem society was composed of staunch Christians that livedbased on the biblical teachings. Hence, any activity that was incontrast to the Christian values was seen as a violation of thesocial order. The event started right after a group of girls claimedthat they were possessed and that some women were the ones thatcaused all that. Given the stand of the society on witchcraft, theycreated a trial that went ahead to hang some of the accused witches.
Starbuck, D. R. (2014). The American Headquarters for the Battle ofSaratoga. Northeast Historical Archaeology, 17(1), 2.
The Battles ofSaratoga in 1777 between the British forces and the Americans was oneof the key aspects of the American Revolution. At first, the battlesaw the British winning the American side. However, the second timethey attacked them, it turned out to be a victory for the Americansand the British force was forced to retreat instead. In fact, tendays after the retreat, the British forces surrendered, and that wasa victory for the American forces. It helped in making sure that theAmerican Revolution proceeded as expected and that led to theindependence as the French side decided to support them. All in all,the Battles of Saratoga are aspects that Americans will remember.
Schwarz, M. (2013). The Origins of Jeffersonian Nationalism: ThomasJefferson, James Madison, and the Sovereignty Question in theAnglo-American Commercial Dispute of the 1780s. The Journal ofSouthern History, 79(3), 569. (Nationalists of the 1780s)
The Nationalists of the 1780s were also an important part of theHistory since they helped in the creation of the Constitution. Morespecifically, James Madison is one of the nationalists and thepolitical theorists that were quite vocal during that time. Madisontogether with John Jay and Alexander Hamilton created the Federalistpapers that were quite instrumental in making the Constitution. Therole they played at that particular time is quite instrumental andensured that the nation had the Constitution that is still effectiveto date. Together with the other nationalists, they used theirknowledge in creating something important, and that helped increating order in the nation.
Behrend, J. (2011). Rebellious Talk and Conspiratorial Plots: TheMaking of a Slave Insurrection in Civil War Natchez. The Journalof Southern History, 77(1), 17.
The Gabriel’s Rebellion in 1800 is one among the many revolts thatthe slaves launched as a way to escape from their masters. In thiscase, the Gabriel Prosser was a literate slave from Virginia that hadplanned the rebellion. Even if the slave masters had discovered theplan before it was executed, it showed that the slaves were not to beunderestimated. For instance, it served as a warning, and they saw apotential mass resistance that will more likely destabilize theirpresence in the society. However, the slave masters initiated sometougher policies that were more exploitative and forcefully containedthe same slaves. It was harder for the slaves to travel from oneplantation to another.
Dubois, L. (2011). The Haitian Revolution. The Caribbean: AHistory of the Region and its Peoples, 273-288.
The Haitian Revolution was one of the successful anti-slaveryrebellions that revealed the potential of the slaves in savingthemselves from the hands of the White community. In fact, therevolution that was fought from 1791 to 1804 was characterized bypatience and well-planned attacks. The revolution was also in Haiti,and Toussaint L’Ouverture led the other slaves in defeating theWhite community. In 1804, Haiti was also recognized as an independentnation as well. More specifically, the Haitian Revolution challengedthe assumption of the black inferiority and the way that they couldnot plan something successful. From that point, the slave mastersbecame more cautious and prevented the interaction of the slaves aswell.
Vietor, R. H. (2013). The Founders and Finance: How Hamilton,Gallatin, and Other Immigrants Forged a New Economy. Journal ofEconomic Literature, 51(3), 904-908.
The article provided some insights on the Jefferson-Hamilton Bargainand revealed how it all occurred. First, the meeting involved JamesMadison, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson too. Morespecifically, the bargain saw the discussion of two issues that werethe location of the Federal government’s new capital and if thegovernment was supposed to ignore all the state debts that wereaccrued during the Revolutionary War. In the end, the new capital wassituated along the Potomac River while Federal government also agreedto assume the state debts. The agreement was one the ways in whichthe Federal government will agree in settling their differences, andthat also showed great signs in the future as well.
Dewberry, D. R., & Langford, C. L. (2012). Silencing Spectacles:Freedom of Speech on Trial. Free Speech Yearbook, 46(1),97-106.
The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 were created right after therelations between the US, and the French were destroyed because ofthe new agreements created with the British. The three acts aimed atreducing any likelihood of defeat if the French declared war on theUS. For instance, the Alien Enemies Act declared the arrest or thedeportation of any male citizen from the enemy nation in the event ofa war. The Alien Friends Act was supposed to deport a non-citizenthat was accused of working together with the enemy during a war.Lastly, the Sedition Act was supposed to warn the Federalists againstbeing disloyal to the government and working with the enemiesinstead.
Eshenroder, R. L. (2014). The role of the Champlain Canal and ErieCanal as putative corridors for colonization of Lake Champlain andLake Ontario by sea lampreys. Transactions of the AmericanFisheries Society, 143(3), 634-649.
The article talks about the Erie Canal that was opened in 1825 and itpaved the way for the development that the US underwent at that time.More importantly, it led to a water route that connected the New YorkCity, Atlantic Ocean and the Great Lakes too. As a result, theconnection paved the way for transportation and facilitated economicactivities as well. The commercial ships were able to bring hugeamounts of products from overseas right into the inland. In theprocess, the government and the residents benefitted from the EricCanal since it increased the number of products that they had to dealwith. Evidently, it was a key part of the history of the US as well.
Meyer, N. (2011). Falling for the Lord: Shame, Revivalism, and theOrigins of the Second Great Awakening. Early American Studies: AnInterdisciplinary Journal, 9(1), 142-166.
The article reveals more insights about the Second Great Awakeningthat was evident in the 1790s into the 1830s. More specifically, theSecond Great Awakening First saw the need to separate the Church andthe government and make the two institutions act independently. TheChurch seemed to prevent the government from implementing certainpolicies since they appeared unethical. Some of the African-Americansand women supported the separation and urged the Americans to embracethe freedom of conscience, and they engaged in various revivals toillustrate their support. Besides that, the liberals also facilitatedreligious tolerance and believed that rationality and personalmorality were quite critical as opposed to the blinded faith in thereligion that most people exhibited.
Chaput, E. J. (2012). Proslavery and Antislavery Politics in RhodeIsland`s 1842 Dorr Rebellion. New England Quarterly, 85(4),658-694.
The authors talk about the Dorr Rebellion that was evident in RhodeIsland during the years 1841 and 1842. More specifically, therebellion was led by Thomas Dorr that wanted the government to reformthe electoral system and also look at various issues of suffrage. TheRhode Island charter only allowed the landowners to vote while theother free white men could not vote. In fact, the people that couldnot vote made up 60% of the entire population and that was clearly aproblem. Instead, the Dorr Rebellion influenced the average citizensinto fighting for their political rights and ensures that the charterwas changed. They knew that the political platform they will change alot of things.
Mariano, M. (2011). Isolationism, internationalism and the MonroeDoctrine. Journal of Transatlantic Studies, 9(1),35-45.
The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 was enacted by President James Monroewith the aim of warning the European nations against interfering withthe Western Hemisphere. Before the policy was implemented, theEuropean nations were fond of colonizing the nations in the WesternHemisphere, and especially the Latin America. The European creditorswere also accused of threatening to use military intervention tocollect the debts that the nations in Latin America owed them.Clearly, the European nations never respected the other nations inthe Western Hemisphere, and they wanted to exploit the vulnerable andpoor Latin America nations. Hence, the Monroe Doctrine showed thatAmerica served as a police and warned the European nations againstthe intervention.
Kunka, A. J. (2011). Intertextuality and the historical graphicnarrative: Kyle Baker`s Nat Turner and the Styron controversy.College Literature, 38(3), 168-193.
Nat Turner’s Rebellion was led by a black slave by the name NatTurner in 1831. More specifically, the article discusses therebellion and reveals the reasons that led to the entire scenario. Hebelieved in divine voices and knew that God had chosen him to leadhis fellow slaves towards freedom. He even started to urge his fellowslaves and recruited around 75 slaves that killed the Travis familyand other 51 other White people. However, the death of the Whitepeople led to the White soldiers hunting him down and hanging him inVirginia later. In fact, the slave owners even implemented someharsher laws that even made their existence much difficult.
Ruef, M. (2012). Constructing Labor Markets The Valuation of BlackLabor in the US South, 1831 to 1867. American Sociological Review,0003122412465282.
Thearticle looked at the Free Blacks that were located in the Old Southin the year 1860. More importantly, the article also reveals that thefree slaves were not free as the definition suggests. Instead, itseemed like they were still owned by their slave masters since theydid not have any right to own a property in the society. Apart fromthat, they could not marry or even start a family, but, simply remainjust like that. They could not fight a White man even if it was inself-defense and take any blows or beatings. Owning liquor, dogs oreven a firearm was considered a crime and they had to live a lonelylife.
Preble, J. F., & Hoffman, R. C. (2012). General management ofinnovation: lessons from the Shaker community. Journal ofManagement History, 18(1), 24-45.
TheShakers community was an important part of the age of reform that wasevident in the period 1820-1840 where the nation was seeking variousdevelopments. For instance, the Shakers were industrious and engagedin activities such as creating furniture and other businessactivities. Hence, they played a major role in the reform age sincethey changed the outlook of the furniture and the architect too. Allin all, the private property as well as the traditional family lifeincludes some of the elements that they strived in changing. To someextent, they also instilled law and order in the society and ensuredthat their members did not act contrary to the morals that aresupposed to guide the community.
Mortensen,A. R. Mormons, Nebraska, and the Way West. NebraskaHistory, 46,259-271.
The article reveals some key information on the Mormon Trek and thereasons that led to the adventure. The Mormon trek took place fromthe year 1846 to 1868 instead. The journey saw a number of members ofthe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints making the journeythat took years to finish. The events are just some of the religiousactivities that were quite popular during the same period. Morespecifically, the journey was because of the hostility that the groupfaced since they had some unique religious beliefs. In the process,the movement was one of the reasons for reaching a place that waspeaceful and where they will undertake their activities in an orderlymanner.
Baker, H. R. (2012). The Fugitive Slave Clause and the AntebellumConstitution. Law and History Review, 30(04),1133-1174.
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was one of the laws that revealed theneed to place some harsher punishments on the runaways. Besides that,the harsher punishments and the levies were placed on anyone thateven interfered with the recapture mission. In fact, it was one ofthe laws after the Fugitive Slave Act that had been created in 1793.The Act was one way that discouraged the slaves from running fromtheir masters. It was discriminative to the slaves that had any hopesor plan to move away from their masters instead. It also empoweredthe slave masters and ensured that they had a chance of getting therunaway slaves instead.
Cederman, L. E., Weidmann, N. B., & Gleditsch, K. S. (2011).Horizontal inequalities and ethnonationalist civil war: A globalcomparison. American Political Science Review, 105(03),478-495.
The article looks at the Civil War that was fought right from 1861 to1865. The four years of war left about 750000 soldiers, which was ahigh number indeed. In fact, the war begun because of the Southernstates supported slavery while the Northern states were clearlyagainst the act. The lack of agreement between the two sides led towar, and it proceeded for about four years that were characterized byintense fighting. In fact, the Northern States went ahead to defeatthe Southern states that were also referred as the Confederacy. Thedefeat led to the collapse of the Confederacy, and the end to slaveryas most of the slaves was set free.
Foner, E., GiveMe Liberty: An American History, 4th Edition, W. W. Norton &Company