Ahigh number of people lack a permanent dwelling, and such individualsare known to be homeless. Some cannot afford housing as a result ofdifficult financial situations, so they end up living without a roofover their head. Lack of residences is also an indicator of the highcost of rent in a certain location, and this illustrates one of thereasons why it is important to analyze this issue. A shelter is oneof the basic needs necessary for an individual’s well-being, andthe appropriate measures should be applied to reduce the number ofhomeless people.

Onecannot identify a particular aspect as the reason for homelessness.However, economic and social factors are the primary causes of theloss of housing among many individuals, and, consequently, thisresult to homelessness (Burrows, Pleace, &amp Quilgars, 2013).Accommodation systems might not be suitable for everyone, as somepeople cannot afford permanent dwellings in given areas. Anotherexplanation for the homeless situation is that some individualsencounter personal failure, even though they might not be entirelyresponsible for it (Burrows, Pleace, &amp Quilgars, 2013). Forinstance, the loss of a job could make one lose his or her incomesource. Subsequently, if such people did not own a dwelling place,they lose their shelter.

Homelesspeople are not safe in most of the environments considering thatother individuals could rob them. Moreover, they are vulnerable tovile weather hence, they might easily fall sick. However, peoplethat come across homeless persons in the streets tend to offerassistance to them, especially, when the reason for their lack ofshelter was beyond their control. Nevertheless, those who areconsidered responsible for their homeless situations require muchsupport. Although some people live without a roof over their head fora short period at some point, others remain in that state for a longtime.

Thereare different homeless stages that people go through, and the timethat a person takes while living in the streets determines his or herphase. One model that illustrates the stages that people go throughwithout shelter identifies the steps as early, middle, and late(Chamberlain &amp Johnson, 2011). The model also considershomelessness to be a process with a pathway that determines anindividual’s stage in the destitute situation. One can relate themodel’s explanation to the environments where such people seektemporary shelter. For instance, while some people without a roofover their head prefer staying in urban streets, others take refugein abandoned buildings.

Althougha high number of individuals who lack a permanent dwelling place livein homeless shelters, individuals often encounter those that are inthe streets. Apart from using the pavements as their temporarydwelling place, such people require assistance, but others oftenignore them. As the primary shelter becomes unaffordable to manypeople, the number of homeless individuals continues rising. Forinstance, 578,424 people did not have permanent residences in 2014,while 1.49 million persons lived in homeless shelters (The Economist,2016). While those who live in the homeless shelters could be in abetter position compared to the individuals that sleep on thestreets, housing should be made more available to reduce theirnumber.

Oneof the pathways that make people become homelessness is the housingcrisis (Chamberlain &amp Johnson, 2011). Some citizens encounter afinancial crisis at a point in their lives, and this precipitates toloss of residence. Low-income households sometimes lack the means topay all the bills, as well as the rent required for their housing.Substance abuse is the other aspect that might lead to lack of anabode, principally, when the person’s life is dominated by drug use(Chamberlain &amp Johnson, 2011). The physical side effects of thedrug use also contribute to the loss of a person’s dwelling placeprimarily, when one is laid off his or her job due to substanceabuse.

Peoplemay also become homeless when a family breakdown occurs (Chamberlain&amp Johnson, 2011). When a couple fails to resolve marital issues,the person who moves out of the home would not have a place to stay.In case the situation persists, they become homeless. Failure toafford the cost of housing is the primary reason for homelessness.The number of impoverished people does not always increase when theeconomic conditions deteriorate. House prices rise during a period ofeconomic growth, and the high number of needy people in rich statesillustrates this aspect (Horowitz, 2016).

Variouseconomic factors indicate that the homelessness cannot reduce becauseof growth in the economy. The highest number of people with noshelter comes from the richest states, including, Oregon, Hawaii, andNew York (Horowitz, 2016). These regions also have the highest pricedhousing markets, and this explains why a large number of people inthe identified states cannot afford dwelling places. The bestapproach to reducing the number of homeless persons is through theimplementation of prevention initiatives (Culhane, Metraux, &ampByrne, 2011).

Themajority of the dispossessed persons get into that situation becausethey cannot afford rent, and the provision of stabilization servicesis an appropriate measure in helping them acquire shelter. New casesof people living rough can be averted through the primary preventioninitiatives, which include the provision of affordable housing toeveryone, as well as poverty eradication (Culhane, Metraux, &ampByrne, 2011). The secondary prevention framework identifies thehomeless people and addresses their issues at the earlier stagesthrough the provision of exits from homelessness to housing (Culhane,Metraux, &amp Byrne, 2011).

FutureResearch Recommendations

is an issue that affects a large number of people, and additionalresearch should be conducted to address this problem. The sourcesused for this discussion have covered various issues concerning theproblem, but more studies should focus on aspects such as theemotional and physical states of those who lack a roof over theirheads. Alternative studies should focus on the social supports thatthe homeless receive as well as the way they help them to improvetheir lives.

Themethodology used in the journals and articles was appropriate sincethe homeless persons interviewed in one study included everyone thatdid not have a permanent shelter. The authors also reached thecorrect conclusions considering that they have summarized the majorpoints from their research and provided leads for future studies. Theconclusions are reliable because there are no flaws in the reasoningprocess.


Housingsystems might not be suitable for everyone, and some people cannotafford permanent dwellings in certain regions. Homeless people arenot safe in most of their environments considering that otherindividuals could rob them, and they are exposed to severe weatherelements therefore, they might easily fall sick. The number ofhomeless individuals continues rising as basic shelter costs morethan they can afford. Other aspects that lead to homelessness includedrug abuse and family breakdowns. However, new cases of shelterdispossession can be averted through primary and secondary preventioninitiatives


Burrows,R., Pleace, N., &amp Quilgars, D. (2013). and Social Policy.New York, NY: Routledge.

Chamberlain,C., &amp Johnson, G. (2011). Pathways into adult homelessness.Journalof Sociology,1440783311422458.

Culhane,D. P., Metraux, S., &amp Byrne, T. (2011). A prevention-centeredapproach to homelessness assistance: a paradigm shift? HousingPolicy Debate,21(2), 295-315.

Horowitz,E. (2016). Poverty drives homeless rates? Not so fast. TheBoston Globe.Retrieved on12 Sep 2016 fromhttps://www.bostonglobe.com/2016/08/24/poverty-drives-homeless-rates-fast/1fvvSKgNUg4l5TfqbdEGrM/story.html

TheEconomist. (2016, Feb. 22). Howmany homeless people are there in America?Economist.Retrieved on 12 Sep 2016 fromhttp://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2016/02/counting-street-sleepers