Industrializationafter the Civil War
Theradical industrial development, in the United States of America,reached its peak between the Reconstruction and the late 19 century.During this period, there was a rapid growth of big entities in thefield of business, the expansion of agriculture to take the modernlarge-scale shape, and the emergence of the labor unions, both at thenational level and the industrial battles (Hogeland, 2013). With thisin mind, it is, therefore, essential to look at the general pictureof how industrialization was between 1860 and 1920, its effect onindividual groups, and how it impacted on the lives of workers withinthat period.
TheMain Features of Industrial Growth
Theupsurge of inventions in technology gave rise to abrupt economicdevelopment. The transport and communication network largelyimproved. The railway system became a standard form of transportlinking the nation from one place to another (Hogeland, 2013). Theinnovation of the telephone and the telegraph, also, occurred duringthis period. Further, the banking industry grew due to the boom inthe businesses. Socially, immigration and other natural factors madethe population double. Social stratification was also a notablefeature of the time.
Theconflicts, which were prevailing in the industrial sector, attractedthe attention of politicians they sidelined themselves to certaingroups to gain votes and challenged the traditional politics.
Groupsthat were Affected
Theperiod had notable impacts on particular groups of people. On racialgrounds, the immigrants toiled in unfriendly environments and livedin crowded slums (Hogeland, 2013). The families were also affectedpoor individuals received inadequate education, and there wasdisruption as both parents struggled to provide for the family.Unfortunately, children were also affected they worked in factoriesfor long hours as well as received meager wages and harsh treatment.
Industrialrevolution directly impacted on the lives of the workers. They toiledin companies and production grounds but had no access to the fruitsof economic growth. They were subject to unhealthy working conditionswith low wages. Consequently, labor unions and reformers emerged tofight for the rights of the workers.
Hogeland,J. A. (2013). From Agrarian to Global Values: How 19th Century U.S.came to Terms with Industrialization. Journalof Rural Cooperation,41(2),97-113.