Instructor`s name Outline



Introduction 2

Rhetorical Analysis 2

Rhetorical Analysis of Roosevelt’s Inauguration Speech 2

Pathos, Logos, and Ethos 2

Parallelism 3

Metaphors 4

Works Cited 5


Oneof the essential needs of humans is to communicate effectively. Overthe centuries, people have depended on various rhetoric styles torelay information and ideas. The commonest examples can be drawn fromthe inaugural speeches given by presidents, particularly in the U.S.Most of the U.S. presidents have excellent rhetoric techniques. Asleaders, they rely on rhetoric to reassure the citizens whileoutlining their plans. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) gave one ofthe most dynamic rhetoric speeches during his inauguration. He wonthe elections to become the 32nd president of the United States in1933. During this period, the people were in a state of depression.The president was also faced with the daunting task of leadingcombatants in World War II. It was one of the darkest periods inAmerican history. The American citizens were worried and scared ofgetting jobs or putting food on the table. Apart from that, the Naziinvasion and the threat of war heightened the people`s fear. Duringhis presidency, FDR used several rhetorical techniques in differentspeeches. However, his inaugural speech in 1933 is one of the mostcompelling examples [ CITATION Mar12 l 1033 ].

RhetoricalAnalysis of Roosevelt’s Inauguration SpeechPathos,Logos, and Ethos

Duringthis speech, the president used pathos, logos, and ethos among otherstylistic devices. Since the president knew the citizens wantedanswers pertaining depression, Roosevelt worked to gain their trust.He had to establish ethos. In the opening paragraph, Roosevelt states“I will answer them with a frankness which is impelled by thecurrent state of our people.” By acknowledging the citizens yearnfor truth as well as truthful solutions, Roosevelt constructed hisethos. He knew very well people were tired of meaningless politicsand thereby responded adequately. The technique implored the audienceto trust him. He gained credibility, and people trusted him to speakthe truth, instead of useless politics [ CITATION Mar12 l 1033 ].

Toreinforce the ethos, Roosevelt pairs them with pathos. After gainingcredibility with the audience, Roosevelt gives an assurance that thedark period will soon come to an end. Roosevelt pleas for patriotismstating that “this great country will bear, revive, and prosper.”This statement typifies pathos. The president used this technique tomove the emotions of the audience. By utilizing the pathosimmediately after the ethos, the president was able to heighten hiscredibility. Combining the two enhanced his credibility whileheightening the emotional appeal. Roosevelt then utilizes logos inthe second paragraph, stating candidly the difficulties the Americanpeople faced. He acknowledged the hardships within the government,rising taxes, and drop in values among other issues. He does not tryto gloss over or hide the difficulties. This technique appeals to theaudience’s logos. It made it easier for the people to comprehendthe situation and move forward. Combining the logos, pathos, andethos made the speech quite effective. Each rhetoric style is potentwhen utilized alone. Nevertheless, combining all the three devicesmade the speech even more compelling and vigorous [ CITATION Mar12 l 1033 ].


Rooseveltalso utilizes parallelism to outline the plans for the nation. Heintroduced a set of actions in a memorable manner that would beutilized to accomplish the task of bettering the nation. This isexemplified in paragraph 11 of the speech where the task was toincrease the effectiveness of natural resources within the U.S. “Itis an enhanced utilization of the country’s natural resources.”Roosevelt utilizes the impersonal “it” to underplay the “task,”and show the act that must be done to achieve the “task” thatinvolves establishing a more convenient utilization of the naturalresources. Roosevelt also provides solutions to resolve the bankingissues. He states that “there must be strict supervision mechanismsto all banking, investments, and credits there must be an end to thespeculations involving the citizens’ money there must be thedelivery of a sufficient and sound currency.” Reiterating the words“there must be” stresses the vitality of the actions that must betaken to heighten credibility within the banking industry. Repetitionand organizational arrangement of this parallelism assist in makingit effective. It shows the expectations of the president from thebanking institutions [ CITATION Hal14 l 1033 ].


Rooseveltalso utilizes metaphors to assure his audience. It appeals to thelogic of the people since it showed the challenges facing them. Inparagraph six, Roosevelt utilizes metaphor to show the unsavory anduntimely withdrawal of bankers from financial leadership. As perRoosevelt, “the cash changers have fled from the high ranking seatsin the temple of our civilization.” The “money changers,” “highseats,” and “temple of civilization” are metaphoric. Themetaphor infers that the bankers were regarded nobility since theycould influence investors. Nevertheless, they renounced this statusby foolishly spending cash they did not possess thereby abandoningtheir positions. Moreover, Roosevelt utilizes the metaphor to assurethe people that he would restore the banking institutions to theirprevious status. The metaphor rightly typifies Roosevelt’sstatements concerning the banking institutions without necessarilyplacing blame on anyone. In paragraph seven of the speech, Rooseveltutilizes metaphor by suggesting that “the dark days would be worthif they help us comprehend our ultimate destiny, which is to ministerourselves.” The statement emphasizes that there is gain after astruggle. It gives the audience hope [ CITATION Hal14 l 1033 ].


Chuff, Mary. Rough Draft of Rhetorical Analysis Essay. 5 October 2012. &lt

Morris, Halee. &quotA Rhetorical Examination of Franklin Delano Roosevelt`s First Inaugral Address.&quot Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal (2014): 1-31.