IntelligenceCycle and Analysis
IntelligenceCycle and Analysis
Manycriminal activities in the society require proper investigativeapproaches so as to identify and punish the lawbreakers or culpritsinvolved such is the role accomplished by an intelligence cycle/ledpolicing as detailed in this essay.
IntelligenceCycle in Led Policing
Intelligencecycle is a stepwise process which involves planning and direction,the collection of criminal information, collation or processing ofdata, analysis, dissemination, and reevaluation of the findings toestablish how effective they are. This process is applied currentlyin intelligence-led policing (ILP) to determine key criminalactivities for investigation and prosecution once crime issues areestablished and quantified (Ratcliffe,2016).Evidently, therefore, intelligence-led policing bases its approach oninformation management, two-way interactions with the public,scientific analysis of data, and problem-solving initiative at theterminus.
Hence,ILP complies with all the phases of intelligence cycle stated above,it collects and manages information, communicates with the public togather and or share crime-related data, performs an intelligenceanalysis of the available evidence, and recommends the most suitablesolution based on the findings (Baker,2005).Nonetheless, it is arguable that the concepts of intelligence cycleand ILP are conjoined and more or less complement each other wheneverthere is an intelligence issue under examination by, say, a federalbureau of investigation (FBI).
IntelligenceCycle and Career Criminals
Althoughthere are a few culprits in this area, career criminals areresponsible for many crimes in the United States (U.S), and effortsto manage the recidivism tempo through intervention measures haveproved ineffective. Therefore, there is a need to pay carefulconsideration to this group by the U.S law enforcement the use ofILP can certainly help avert the persistent illegal actions of thecareer criminals.
Nonetheless,there should be a proper research on criminal careers to clarify thecommencement of an offender’s acts, the nature of crimes that haveoccurred, and when the culprit stops doing the offense. Moreover, theinquiry would enable law enforcers to make decisions based on theseverity of the offense, the suspect’s hostile behavior, therelationship between the lawbreaker and the victim, and the crimelocation (O’Leary,2015)prosecution can then be introduced when found necessary. Mainly, theintelligence cycle or ILP helps in the establishment of the elementalconstituents of the career crime namely participation, criminalcareer length, frequency, and weightiness of the offense it ispossible to craft a response afterward.
CriminalAnalysis versus Crime Analysis
Baker(2005) argued that thereis a substantial disparity between the two terms or approachescriminal analysis is a broad method that incorporates crime analysis,strategic analysis, and intelligence analysis and with the aim ofestablishing the roots to a particular crime. Thus, the criminalanalysis is so procedural and used to investigate big crimes liketerrorism, kidnapping, and bank robberies among others such offensesoccur less frequently and are verifiable through criminal analysis.Conversely, crime analysis as a constituent of the latter approachstudies daily reports of crimes to find out the time, location,unique characteristics, and other useful facts that can help in theidentification of a criminal action it exploits street crimes suchas rape and burglary.
Inas much as the society harbors many crimes, it is possible tomaintain order by utilizing the concepts of intelligence cycle andILP through these approaches, a law enforcer can plan, collect andprocess data, analyze the evidence, disseminate, and reevaluate theoutcomes to ensure effectiveness.
Baker,T. E. (2005). Introductorycriminal analysis: Crime prevention and intervention strategies.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc.
O’Leary,D. F. (2015). Approachingcareer criminals with an intelligence cycle.Reviewof International Affairs,24(2),59-78.
Ratcliffe,J. H. (2016). Intelligence-ledpolicing.Abingdon, UK: Routledge.