Interprofessionalcollaboration involves the working, communication and closeinteraction between individuals or groups from various disciplines.One of the most important aspects of this interaction process isInterprofessional learning. In most cases, the members provide ordisplay their knowledge, skills, and talents to expand and supportthe contribution of other individuals. As such, teamwork is anessential part in the maintenance and improvement of nursingservices. Since an actual team must be developed over time,consistent consultation, collaboration, and knowledge sharing is afundamental element in achieving this state. This paper looks at thebasis of Interprofessional teamwork and the recommendations thatwould uplift its efficiency.
Ateam is usually composed of a particular number of individuals withcertain complementary skills. These people are usually self-driven,committed to a particular purpose, objectives, and approach for whichthey deem themselves accountable. The team has to undergodevelopmental stages before it can be fully functional. Afterward,the completely formed group can then embark on its mission. Theyprovide care to patients with a common problem, and they work towardsspecified goals. Each member is allocated a primary responsibility,and a mechanism for information sharing is generated and implemented.An Interprofessional team is guided by several principles whichinclude focusing on the needs of patients rather than on individualcontribution and discoveries. Secondly, primary healthcare iscentered on interaction and communication between providers and theclients. Apparently, collaboration needs the dependence ofcontributions from others combined with one’s skills to provide aworking solution to a common problem. Members of a particular groupmust show the characteristic of respect, role awareness andrecognition of the input of others. As such, the team is not confinedto one organization. On the contrary, different teams can workbetween two or more health institutions.
Severalsituations call for the application of Interprofessional teamwork.First is when the problem at hand is complicated to the extent thatit needs more than one skill set. The second reason is when therequired service is far too high for a single healthcare provider.Also, the assembly of professionals significantly increases theoutcome of the issue since the team communicates and work togethertowards the achievement of a common goal. At the end of theimplementation period, client care is significantly improved throughraised standards of services, healthcare integration, patientempowerment and efficient time use. Likewise, the members are likelyto experience satisfaction. Hence, they can increase the carecoverage to prevention and management of chronic diseases.Furthermore, collaboration increases knowledge gaining anddevelopment of new skills, it increases innovation, offers optionalhealth standards to study and provides a platform for the generationof strategic models for future practices (Hall, 2012).
Thereare recommendations and policies tabled by relevant institutions onthe best approaches to achieve maximum results from Interprofessionalteamwork. Expansion of the scope of practice for nurses henceenabling them to participate more in the provision of a wide range ofservices. Increasing the opportunities for collaboration and teamworkis a significant step in the diffusion of knowledge and practices.Nurse resident programs work well in ensuring the retention ofworkers, and it also fosters the increase in competencies. Continuouslearning not only raises the standard of care but also necessitatesthe development of a strong team (The Institute of Medicine, 2010).Data collection and analysis is crucial in the identification of theneeds and requirements, priority areas, and aspects that need to beresearched. A data workforce incorporation will, therefore, pull morenurses to put their efforts together for a particular purpose.Education is the core of efficiency in partnership and group effort.In this perspective, the need for high-level education is vital. Thisfacet has, to begin with, the improvement of the school system andthe inclusion of new and emerging competencies in healthcare. This isfollowed closely by encouraging continuous lifelong learning throughseminars, collaboration, partnerships and advanced courses. Moreover,having sufficient nurses with the appropriate skills is necessary forthe improvement of healthcare delivery. The proximity of nurses topatients is not necessarily an individual’s effort. Although it canbe achieved by one nurse, having a sharp, motivated, skilled andresult-oriented team is the primary factor for best patient outcomesregarding health (The Institute of Medicine, n.d.).
Thehealthcare profession is made up of diverse cultures, standards,principles, outlooks, customs, and practices. As the job keeps ondeveloping, the cultures also change on the historical events, socialoccurrences and issues affiliated to gender and policies. Duringeducation and training of the healthcare workforce, learning andsocializing reinforce the valuable shared morals, problem-solvingstrategies and communication methods of each participant. Due to theincreasing specializations, more people are immersed deeper intospecific knowledge and culture of that particular profession. Assuch, these diverse cultures add to the challenge of effectiveteamwork. However, if these practices and values are organizedsystematically, they can contribute to the profession in guiding thedevelopment of innovation, planning, and better-quality systems toadvance the Interprofessional collaborative exercise.
Hall, P. (2012). Interprofessional teamwork: professional cultures as barriers. Interprofessional Care, 188-196.
The Institute of Medicine. (2010). The Future of Nursing: Focus on Education. Washington: The Future of Nursing .
The Institute of Medicine. (n.d.). The Future of Nursing Leading Change, Advancing Health. Washington: The Institute of Medicine.