Issues in Health Care

ISSUES IN HEALTH CARE 5

Issuesin Health Care

Question 1: Specific Areas of Health Care ThatMay Be Worse Off Than Others.

Dr. Mercolaobserves that the insurance sector is the most wanting area of theAmerican health care system. A significant 40 percent of Americancitizens are unable to pay their bills since they are eitherunderinsured or overinsured. The condition has led to nearlyseventy-five percent of bankruptcies caused by the inability ofpatients to pay their medical bills. The resultant healthimpoverishment is unheard off in most wealthy nations. The secondarea includes the administration of medical administration costs. Asubstantial 30 cents of every dollar used in Medicare ends up beingwasted and sums to 750 billion per annum. The wastage primarilyemanates from the defrauding caused by the pharmaceutical industry,which further bloats the cost of health care (Mercola, 2014).

Question 2: Special Population, Communities orGeographic Areas That May Be Worse Off Compared To Others.

Poor Americancitizens living below the poverty level are the worst off communitieswhen it comes to accessing health care. A significant 45 % arenon–Hispanic whites and people of color. People of color make up amajority 40% of individuals unable to access health care due to lackof insurance that substantially determines individuals’ ability toaccess health care. The disparity in access to health care is higherfor Hispanics who account for 19% of the total population. Thebiggest population is located in Texas (18.8%), Oklahoma (18.1%),Georgia (17.5%), followed by Florida (17.2%) and Alaska (15.9%) (Keyfacts about the uninsured population, 2015).

Question3: What About The Uninsured and the Under Insured, Do They DeserveWhat They Get?

Although the uninsured and underinsured are not prevented fromaccessing health care services, they find it hard to accesssufficient care. The underinsured face a cumbersome burden on theevent of chronic conditions. They are limited from accessing healthcare or the services are delayed due to their inability to pay. Theyalso face the risk of going bankrupt due to high medical bills.Uninsured women diagnosed with breast cancer are unlikely to accessbreast-conceiving surgery. Underinsured patients access low qualityand insufficient health services. They have a higher risk of dyingwhile hospitalized or shortly after their release compared to theircounterparts with access to insurance.

Question 4: What About Medicare And Medicaid,Do You Think That They Are Getting More Than Their Fair Share?

The combination of Medicare and Medicaid provides a fair share of theability of poor American citizens to afford health care services.Medicaid enhances cost sharing for Medicare’s more than fourmillion recipients with incomes of less than 1,200 per month.Medicaid also steps in after depletion of family funds and offersadditional support to enhance the provision of long-term care needs.Specifically, it pays a quarter of the bill incurred in the deliveryof long-term care. Medicaid has improved access to nursingfacilities by taking care of 70% of all nursing home residentseligible for Medicaid. Medicaid has increasingly paid for long-termcare services and support provided in the community in addition tocare provided in nursing facilities. Although care in the communityis less expensive compared to that in the nursing homes, Medicaidenables individuals with limited incomes to qualify for such services(Why Medicaid matters to people with Medicare, n.d).

Question 5: Hospital Care, Physicians`Services, Prescription drugs

Multiple forcesdetermine the rate of access to hospital services, the type ofattention, and the timing of care. Although some forces encouragecitizens to utilize more hospital care, others deter utilization.Antibiotics prescriptions and public health initiatives have workedtowards reducing the requirement for people to receive care forinfectious illnesses. However, antibiotic resistant strains havedeveloped from overuse. Forces such as the increased prevalence ofchronic diseases have increased the rate of hospital utilization (Areporter`s toolkit: The uninsured, n.d).

References

A reporter`stoolkit: the uninsured, (n.d).Alliance for Health Reform.Retrieved on 13September2016 fromhttp://www.allhealth.org/publications/uninsured/toolkit_uninsured.asp

Key facts aboutthe uninsured population, (2015, October 05). KFF. Org. Retrievedon 13September2016 from http://kff.org/uninsured/fact-sheet/key-facts-about-the-uninsured-population/#footnote-165699-1

Mercola, J.(2014, March 15). Top ten ways the American health care system fails.Mercola. Com. Retrievedon 13September2016 from http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/03/15/bad-american-health-care-system.aspx

Why Medicaidmatters to people with Medicare, (n.d). Centre for Medicare Advocacy.Retrieved on 13September2016 from http://www.medicareadvocacy.org/why-medicaid-matters-to-people-with-medicare/