Some individuals argue that nurses have a calling to serve. Othersbelieve that once they are trained, they acquire the necessary skillsand knowledge needed to fulfill the duties of a nurse. No matter whatperception one has towards the profession, one has to remain focusedon providing care to an individual, family or community. Mostcountries have continuously invested in the health care sectorbecause it promotes the quality of life of its citizens. Differenttheorists have developed various schools of thoughts regarding thenursing practice. The paper seeks to discuss theorist Jean Watson andexplain how her framework relates to the nursing practice.
Jean Watson is a professor and a nurse scholar who developed thetheory of human caring in 1975-1979 (Alligood, 2014). As a lecturerof nursing, Watson felt that most people regarded the discipline as amedical science, yet in reality, it was distinct. Hence, in a questto enable individuals to understand the difference and the nursingpractice better, she developed the framework. One of the primaryconcepts outlined in the theory is that nursing promotes one’shealth, prevents diseases, cares for the ill people, and restoreshealth (Smith & Parker, 2015). A patient can be cured of theirdisease by taking the advised medication. However, the care given bythe nurses also helps the sick to fully recover as they also promotethe better health of an individual through the provision of theirservices.
Watson also suggests that the behavior of people within a society isgoverned by the values they are taught. She believes that for one tohave a caring attitude a nurse needs to develop a unique way ofcoping with the situation as opposed to acquiring the reaction from agenetic transmission (Arslan-Özkan, Okumuş & Buldukoğlu,2014). Watson thoughts relate to the nursing practice in that for oneto provide care to the sick it must come from within them. Nobody isborn with the genes of being a caregiver instead one picks up therole when a situation arises. The patients in hospitals or at homecannot force the nurse to assist them in taking their medication orimplementing the doctor’s instructions that facilitate theirrecovery. As a nurse, one must possess the caring attitude and helpthe sick to regain their health.
The model of human caring also suggests that when nurses aresupervising their patients, they need to be governed by carativefactors that enhance the human experience. The carative elements alsodistinguish the nursing profession from medicine since they areinterpersonal. They relate to the practice by providing nurses withguidance on how to improve their service delivery to patients. Thecarative factors include: having concern for the welfare of others,giving hope to the sick, having a sense of sensitivity, anddeveloping a trustful relationship, encouraging the expression offeelings. Other factors are: applying problem-solving skills indecision-making, supporting interpersonal teaching, promoting aprotective environment, and assisting with the basic needs (Alligood,2014).
As a practicing nurse, the theory of human caring has been applicablein my career. For example, a patient was unwilling to follow thedoctor’s instructions by refusing to engage in physical exercisesduring therapy. According to Watson, the Science of Caring allows anurse to have control of a situation by acquiring knowledge on how toaddress a situation positively (Joseph, 2014). The theory wasimplemented in the patient’s scenario by identifying the needs ofthe individual and a way that convinced them to observe the doctor’srecommendations. As a nurse, I also applied the nursing interventionssuch as giving the sick person hope and developing a trustfulrelationship that resulted in their willingness to partake in thephysical exercises. The framework allowed me to restore the health ofthe patient.
Smith, M. C., & Parker, M. E. (2015). Nursing theories &nursing practice. Philadelphia. Davis Company.
Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theorists and their work.Elsevier. St. Louis, Missouri.
Arslan-Özkan, İ., Okumuş, H., & Buldukoğlu, K. (2014). Arandomized controlled trial of the effects of nursing care based onWatson`s Theory of Human Caring on distress, self-efficacy andadjustment in infertile women. Journal of Advanced Nursing,70(8), 1801-1812. doi:10.1111/jan.12338
Joseph, C. B. (2014). Caring Science, Mindful Practice: ImplementingWatson’s Human Caring Theory by Kathleen Sitzman and Jean Watson.Journal of Hospital Librarianship, 14(4), 410.doi:10.1080/15323269.2014.950916