Journal Entry


Running head: JOURNAL ENTRY



Inmy first question, discussing the impact of technologicaladvancements in enhancing training of counseling invites an in-depthunderstanding of the topic through a comprehensive interpretation ofthe variables featured. As I earlier included in the preceding entry,I describe the variable as anything with a character that changes inquantity or quality. In this scenario, the dependent variable is theimpact of technological advancements. The independent variable is howenhancing training of counseling will impact technologicaladvancements (dependent variable). I find that the manipulation ofthe independent variable, which is enhancing training of counseling,will cause the change in the dependent variable the impact oftechnological advancement. I also find that to develop a research onemust identify the variables and focus the study on the basic conceptsthat are involved in achieving the desired result (Statistics, 2013).

Inmy second question, the level of accessibility of the technologicaldevices to school counselors introduces other forms of variables. Theextraneous variable is any variable other than independent variablethat would cause a change in the dependent variable (Bernard, 2011).In this case, the level of accessibility of the technological devicesto school counselors has an influence on the dependent variable (theimpact of technological advancements).

Inmy third question, the role of educational institutions in improvingthe usability of the available technologies by trained counselors,individual variables can be determined. I find that other factorsbesides the independent variable could also alter the dependentvariable. And such factors on their own would influence the dependentvariable, changing the intended result in the case where I realizeoutcomes through the changes made by the independent variable (Brauer&amp Judd, 2000). I find through this question that notwithstandingthe changes that I could realize on the dependent variable throughenhancing training of counseling (independent variable), it wouldagain rely on whether the institutions have acknowledged their rolein improving the usability of technology by trained counselors. Inessence, I find that the factors change the position of the dependentvariable directly.


Bernard,H. R. (2011). Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative andquantitative approaches.Rowman Altamira.

Brauer,M., &amp Judd, C. M. (2000). Defining variables in relationship toother variables: When interactions suddenly turn out to be maineffects. Journalof Experimental Social Psychology,36(4),410-423.

Statistics,L. (2013). Types of Variables. RetrievedApril,5,2015.

Journal Entry




  1. What is the impact of technological advancements in enhancing training of counseling?

  2. What is the level of accessibility of the technological devices to student counselors?

  3. What is the role of educational institutions in improving the usability of the available technologies by trainee counselors?


The identifiedquestions would fall under the category of qualitative research.


ResearchQuestion One

Null hypothesis

Technologicaladvancements have no effect in improving training among studentcounselors.


Technologicaladvancements have an effect in improvement of training among thestudent counselors.

ResearchQuestion Two

Null hypothesis

Studentcounselors do not have adequate access to technological devices.


Student nurseshave access to technological devices.

ResearchQuestion Three

Null hypothesis

Educationalinstitutions have no role in helping student nurses maximize use oftechnology in their counseling training.


Educationalinstitutions have a role in helping students utilize technology tomeet their training needs in counseling.

Purposeand Significance of Study

The study aims at understanding the degree of usability of technologyamong student counselors in meeting their training requirements. Withthe increase in technological advancements witnessed in the recenttimes, it is essential to understand how best students have embracedthe use of technology in their educational lives. It arises out ofthe fact that as a counselor, I need to understand how best I cankeep records of my work. Technology is effective in record keeping(Gordon, Kuniak, &amp Sherman, 2012). The study will provideinsights into how best or well-prepared students are in usingtechnology. Further, it would seek to assess the ease of use of suchdevices by counseling students in their daily lives.


The study is ofsignificance since it illustrates the role of technology and how bestit can be applied by the student counselors in the course of theirtraining. Insights derived from the study can help guide the decisionas to whether to adopt technology in the training of studentcounselors and their opinion on the issue (Beidoğlu, Dinçyürek, &ampAkıntuğ, 2015). The study can help assess the efficacy oftechnology among the trainee counselors (Ross, 2016).


Beidoğlu, M., Dinçyürek, S., &amp Akıntuğ, Y. (2015). Theopinions of school counselors on the use of information andcommunication technologies in school counseling practices: NorthCyprus schools. Computers in Human Behavior, 52,466-471.

Gordon, G. M., Kuniak, S., &amp Sherman, C. A. (2012). RECORDKEEPING AND TECHNOLOGY IN COUNSELING ETHICS. Counseling Ethics:Philosophical and Professional Foundations, 147.

Ross, W. (2016). Web-Based Counseling: Evaluating Efficacy in Lightof Ethical Challenges and Therapeutic Advantages. Online Journalof Counseling &amp Education, 5(2).