CollectiveBargaining Agreement

Theessay analyzes the Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) between twoparties in the labor market. The first party to the agreement is theemployer organization, the Trustees of Columbia University. Thesecond party is the trade union that represents the workers, theLocal 2110 International Union of Technical, Office, and ProfessionalWorkers.

TheCBA is similar to a contract existing between employees and themanagement of the employer organizations. A labor contract is anagreement that is legally binding. Similarly, a CBA is a legallybinding document that aims at addressing work environment challenges.Article 4 of the CBA prohibits industrial action by both parties. Theagreement prevents the university and the staff from engaging inlockouts and strikes respectively (TheTrustees of Columbia University and the Local 2110 4). This agreementenables the employees and management to address work grievanceswithout hindering the normal functioning of the institution (Barro27).

Thecontract is written correctly. The language used is easy tounderstand. The format of the CBA is appropriate because it has atable of contents. The topics and subtopics are properly numbered toimprove the flow of communication. The CBA is clear because it showsthe key parties concerned in the agreement. The Trustees of ColumbiaUniversity recognizes the authority of the Local 2110 trade union torepresent the interests of the employees (The Trustees of ColumbiaUniversity and the Local 2110 1)

TheCBA improves the work environment and conditions. This is because itdetermines the working relationship between the employer and theemployees (Adrian et al. 61). The agreement indicates that bothformal and informal discussions will be used to address workplacegrievances. Proper resolution of work disputes improves theproductivity of employees and the organization. The documentindicates the compensation levels of staff. Current employees onpayroll will be given lump sum payment of $1,200 (TheTrustees of Columbia University and the Local 2110 7). Properremuneration is important because it enhances employee satisfaction.


Adrian,W. et al. Handbookof Research on Employee Voice.New York: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014. Print.

Barro,R. &quotUnions vs. the Right to Work.&quot TheWall Street Journal,2012. Print.

TheTrustees of Columbia University and the Local 2110. CollectiveBargaining Agreement (CBA).New York: Columbia University Press, 2012-2015.


ExplicationEssay on the “Lady Lazarus”

“LadyLazarus” is a work of poetry that was written by Sylvia Plath.Plath shows the oppression that the speaker experiences using imagesand representations of Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Thepoem, therefore, illustrates the oppression that Nazism caused duringthe Holocaust. Plath uses several poetic techniques and styles toenable the audience to understand and analyze the poem.

Thepoem uses figurative language because it compares the speaker to theChristian Lazarus who was raised from the dead by Jesus Christ(American King James Version, John 11:38). The title of the poem“Lady Lazarus” implies that the speaker is the female version ofthe Lazarus in the Bible because they undergo similar experiences.Lazarus dies and resurrects based on the instructions of JesusChrist. The poem speaker commits suicide three times. She believesthat her survival is similar to a spiritual resurrection. In the poemlines 65-79 the speaker rebukes the doctors who saved her life(Plath).

Thesad tone is indicated throughout the poem. The narrator considers thedoctors who saved her life as enemies. In line 65 and 66 Plathindicates that &quotSo, so, Herr Doktor / So, so Herr Enemy&quot toshow her dislike for the doctors (Plath). It is sad that she valuesthe death experience more than life. To her dying is an art that shewants to perform several times. The poem shows the oppressions thatwere done in Nazi Germany, especially in the Jewish population. TheNazis took possession of the belongings of the imprisoned Jews forexample, wedding rings and jewelry. The remains of the killed Jewswere used to manufacture soap. This information is indicated by lines73-77, &quotAsh, ash— / A cake of soap / A wedding ring&quot(Plath).

SeveralHolocaust imageries are used in the poem. These imageries indicatethe oppression of the Jews during the Nazi Germany period. Shecriticizes the German population for failing to protect the Jews whowere captured, tortured, and killed in concentration camps. Thecomparison between the Jews and the Germans is properly indicated inthe poem. She describes her face using two perspectives. The firstperspective is “Nazi lampshade” and the second description is“Jew linen” (Plath). The audience is left to choose thedescription that best suits their interests or preferences. Theaudiences who identify with the German are considered as ineffectivein addressing the challenges or problems of the society. Theaudiences who identify with the Jews are viewed as compassionate, andthey empathize with individuals in the society who have problems.

Plathuses diction in the poem as indicated by her choice of words andphrases. The narrator starts the poem by stating “done it again.”The phrase is important because it shows the narrator attempted tocommit suicide. She tries to kill herself once every decade. The lastthree attempts were unsuccessful because the doctors prevented herdeath. She is not impressed by the doctors. Therefore, she describesthe health workers using inappropriate phrases for example, “Nazis”and “Lucifer” in line 79 (Plath). The irony is indicated in thepoem because the narrator describes health workers who prevented herdeath as wicked.

“LadyLazarus” is a poem that indicates the evils that occur in thesociety. These evils include oppression and discrimination. The Jewswere oppressed by the Nazis in the concentration camps. The poemencourages the audience to engage in ethical and appropriate conduct,even if they experience opposition and criticism. The doctors savedthe life of the narrator despite her protests because it is ethicalin the medical profession. The Germans should have opposed orprevented the concentration camps program, so as to protect therights of the Jewish community.


“SylviaPlath Reads Lady Lazarus.” YouTube,uploadedby mishima1970, 21 Oct. 2006, https://youtu.be/esBLxyTFDxE


Comparisonand Contrast of TheMatrixand the Allegoryof the Cave

Theessay compares and contrasts two works. These works are TheMatrixand the Allegoryof the Cave.TheMatrixis a science fiction movie that is based on future simulated realitybetween humans and sentient machines. The Allegoryof the Caveis a philosophical work that strives to examine the concept of thetruth.

Analysisof TheMatrix

TheMatrixis an American-Australian film that was produced in 1999. TheWachowskis directed the action and science fiction film. The filmshows a dystopian future that has simulated reality that is known asthe Matrix. This simulated reality is developed by sentient machineswith the objective of subduing humans. Neo, the computer programmer,starts a rebellion with the help of freed humans (Wachowski BrothersDVD).

Therefive main stars in the film. Keanu Reeves act as Thomas Anderson. Heworks for the Metacortex Corporation as a computer programmer. Duringhis free time, he moonlights by providing hacking services. In thefilm the character believed that something was not right. Hecontinuously looked for Morpheus and also the truth. LaurenceFishburne acts as Morpheus. He is the human that escaped from theMatrix. Carrie-Anne Moss played to role of the Trinity. Morpheus, amember of the Nebuchadnezzar crew, freed her. Hugo Weaving took therole of Agent Smith. He was part of the program that aimed atpreventing human escape from the Matrix. Joe Pantoliano took the roleof the Cypher. He is another person who was freed from the Matrix byMorpheus (Heritage 39).

TheMatrix makes several references. The concept of the film is similarto the trilogy doctrine of the Christians. The Christians believe inthe existence of God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Thefilm borrows ideas from philosophical works such as the Allegoryof the Caveby Plato, and the Adventuresin Wonderlandby Alice. The action scenes are mostly influenced by Japanese martialarts and animation productions. However, Hong Kong cinema greatlyinfluenced the fight choreography technique used in TheMatrix(Heritage 37).

TheMatrix shows the relationship between the brain, mind, and body. Thefilm shows two categories of humans. These are the ordinary humansand humans in the Matrix. The trilogy shows that people cannot existwithout the mind. If skills like martial arts are entered in thebrain, then the person can use the mind to control his body whenengaging in physical fights (Heritage 36). Humans require the threeelements to exist and operate properly in the world. The presence ofthe three elements distinguishes characters like Neo and Matrix fromother Matrix-bound characters like the Oracle.

Discussionof the Allegoryof the Cave

TheAllegoryof the Caveis a presentation by Plato, who is a recognized Greek philosopher.The philosophy presentation is found in the Republic (514a–520a).The work aims at determining the influence of education on nature.Plato presents the work in the form of a dialogue between Glaucon andSocrates. Plato had two other related works: the analogy of the sun,and the analogy of the divided line.

Platouses the theory to explain human perception. He shows that knowledgeobtained using the senses are just opinions. Real knowledge is onlyobtained by philosophical reasoning. Plato uses the Allegoryof the Caveto separate individuals who believe that sensory knowledge is thetruth and the people who know the actual truth.

Thefive issues that are used to analyze the theory are the cave,shadows, game, escape, and return. The cave shows the individuals whounderstand that knowledge is obtained by empirical evidence, orhearing and observation. The cave illustrates that individuals whodepend on empirical evidence are trapped in misunderstandings (Plato67).

Theshadows show the perceptions of the people who trust knowledge fromempirical evidence. If individuals understand that what is seen isthe truth, then they are observing the shadow of the reality. Thegame indicates individuals who trust that a person with empiricalknowledge is a master. Plato explains that this master does notunderstand the truth. He further explains that it is inappropriate totrust a person who does not know the real truth (Jowet 117).

Escapedprisoner shows a philosopher who is looking for knowledge andunderstanding away from the cave and senses. The sun is found outsidethe cave, and it represents philosophical understanding. Philosophersengage in the intellectual journey with the aim of gettingunderstanding. People are not ready to accept the truth as indicatedby the return journey (Plato 68). The remaining prisoners do notbelieve the returnees because they only trust knowledge fromobservation and senses. This is the reason why most people do notbelieve philosophers. A philosopher is like a prisoner who hasescaped from the cave and gets knowledge that the shadows on the wallare not real. They only represent a perception of reality and not thetruth.


Heritage,Stuart. TheMatrix.London: Guardian Media Group,2013. Print.

Jowett,B. Plato`sThe Republic.New York: The Modern Library, 2013. Print.

Plato.TheAllegory of the Cave.Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996. Print.

WachowskiBrothers. TheMatrix.New York: Warner Bros, 1999. DVD.