Comparisonand Contrast of TheMatrixand the Allegoryof the Cave
Theessay compares and contrasts two works. These works are TheMatrixand the Allegoryof the Cave.TheMatrixis a science fiction movie that is based on future simulated realitybetween humans and sentient machines. The Allegoryof the Caveis a philosophical work that strives to examine the concept of thetruth.
TheMatrixis an American-Australian film that was produced in 1999. TheWachowskis directed the action and science fiction film. The filmshows a dystopian future that has simulated reality that is known asthe Matrix. This simulated reality is developed by sentient machineswith the objective of subduing humans. Neo, the computer programmer,starts a rebellion with the help of freed humans (Wachowski BrothersDVD).
Therefive main stars in the film. Keanu Reeves act as Thomas Anderson. Heworks for the Metacortex Corporation as a computer programmer. Duringhis free time, he moonlights by providing hacking services. In thefilm the character believed that something was not right. Hecontinuously looked for Morpheus and also the truth. LaurenceFishburne acts as Morpheus. He is the human that escaped from theMatrix. Carrie-Anne Moss played to role of the Trinity. Morpheus, amember of the Nebuchadnezzar crew, freed her. Hugo Weaving took therole of Agent Smith. He was part of the program that aimed atpreventing human escape from the Matrix. Joe Pantoliano took the roleof the Cypher. He is another person who was freed from the Matrix byMorpheus (Heritage 39).
TheMatrix makes several references. The concept of the film is similarto the trilogy doctrine of the Christians. The Christians believe inthe existence of God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Thefilm borrows ideas from philosophical works such as the Allegoryof the Caveby Plato, and the Adventuresin Wonderlandby Alice. The action scenes are mostly influenced by Japanese martialarts and animation productions. However, Hong Kong cinema greatlyinfluenced the fight choreography technique used in TheMatrix(Heritage 37).
TheMatrix shows the relationship between the brain, mind, and body. Thefilm shows two categories of humans. These are the ordinary humansand humans in the Matrix. The trilogy shows that people cannot existwithout the mind. If skills like martial arts are entered in thebrain, then the person can use the mind to control his body whenengaging in physical fights (Heritage 36). Humans require the threeelements to exist and operate properly in the world. The presence ofthe three elements distinguishes characters like Neo and Matrix fromother Matrix-bound characters like the Oracle.
Discussionof the Allegoryof the Cave
TheAllegoryof the Caveis a presentation by Plato, who is a recognized Greek philosopher.The philosophy presentation is found in the Republic (514a–520a).The work aims at determining the influence of education on nature.Plato presents the work in the form of a dialogue between Glaucon andSocrates. Plato had two other related works: the analogy of the sun,and the analogy of the divided line.
Platouses the theory to explain human perception. He shows that knowledgeobtained using the senses are just opinions. Real knowledge is onlyobtained by philosophical reasoning. Plato uses the Allegoryof the Caveto separate individuals who believe that sensory knowledge is thetruth and the people who know the actual truth.
Thefive issues that are used to analyze the theory are the cave,shadows, game, escape, and return. The cave shows the individuals whounderstand that knowledge is obtained by empirical evidence, orhearing and observation. The cave illustrates that individuals whodepend on empirical evidence are trapped in misunderstandings (Plato67).
Theshadows show the perceptions of the people who trust knowledge fromempirical evidence. If individuals understand that what is seen isthe truth, then they are observing the shadow of the reality. Thegame indicates individuals who trust that a person with empiricalknowledge is a master. Plato explains that this master does notunderstand the truth. He further explains that it is inappropriate totrust a person who does not know the real truth (Jowet 117).
Escapedprisoner shows a philosopher who is looking for knowledge andunderstanding away from the cave and senses. The sun is found outsidethe cave, and it represents philosophical understanding. Philosophersengage in the intellectual journey with the aim of gettingunderstanding. People are not ready to accept the truth as indicatedby the return journey (Plato 68). The remaining prisoners do notbelieve the returnees because they only trust knowledge fromobservation and senses. This is the reason why most people do notbelieve philosophers. A philosopher is like a prisoner who hasescaped from the cave and gets knowledge that the shadows on the wallare not real. They only represent a perception of reality and not thetruth.
Heritage,Stuart. TheMatrix.London: Guardian Media Group,2013. Print.
Jowett,B. Plato`sThe Republic.New York: The Modern Library, 2013. Print.
Plato.TheAllegory of the Cave.Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996. Print.
WachowskiBrothers. TheMatrix.New York: Warner Bros, 1999. DVD.