Medieval Europe II


MedievalEurope II


Submittedby Names:

Thomasand Landes are bestselling authors of history books such as “ThePeace of God: Social Violence and Religious Response in France aroundyear 1000.” It was published in 1992 by Cornell University Press.The narrative “The Peace of God at Bourges,” incorporatesdifferent writing styles to describe the historic event. Thenarrative is centered on oppression against the believers andunbelievers by the church leaders. The author employs irony to makethe narrative more interesting. The Peace of God was a movementestablished by church leaders the movement was later approved byKings. The main objective of the Peace of God movement was to protectinnocent people, especially Christians from attacks during armedconflicts. The Peace of God movement received support from the rebelssince they took the oath of peace. The irony sets in when an armedforce composed of archbishops and peasants coerce believers to takethe oath. The church leaders oppress the citizen of Bourges, and usebrutal means to torture those who fail to administer the oath. Thisnarrative incorporates satire to convey the message Biblically,Christians are supposed to be peace makers, but in the narrativechurch leaders use force to oppress the citizens.

TheMeaning of the Narrative

Thewriter uses satirical language to point out evils in the church. Theactions of the archbishops and other church leaders contradicted thevalues of Christianity. For instance, the archbishop uses power tooppress the poor and nonbelievers by forcing them to take the oath ofPeace. Instead of seeking the Lord’s wisdom and peace, the clericstake matters into their own hands and initiates the Peace of Godmovement that forces people to conform to specified rules. The mainaudience for this narrative includes theology and history scholars.The significance of this piece is to highlight the historical evilsin the church so as to influence modern theological studies. Thearchbishops should have led by example and in accordance withbiblical values instead of imposing self-orchestrated values tooppress the poor and nonbelievers. The narrative incorporate an easyflowing style and vivid descriptions to capture the reader’sattention. For instance, “the sun was darkened and hid the rays ofits splendors for a space of almost two hours….. And gave offbloody flames1.”


Thecontext of the narrative is focused on religion and oppression. Itprovides history scholars with brief description of religiousoppression. It was ironical for church leaders such as archbishops topropagate injustices in the society. The narrative incorporates anumber of writing styles such as metaphors to emphasize key points.


Head,Thomas, and Richard A. Landes. ThePeace of God: social violence and religious

responsein France around the year 1000.Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press, 1992.

1 Head, Thomas, and Richard A. Landes. The Peace of God: social violence and religious response in France around the year 1000. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press, 1992.