Humandevelopment is a complicated process that has been studied for a longtime. It is evident that the overall growth from an infant intoadulthood is an event that involves the impact of both theenvironment and inherited traits. Nature plays a significant role ingrowth, development and behavior. Likewise, the environment and itssurroundings significantly affect the characteristics of a child oran adult albeit in a different manner. This paper discusses theaspects of nature and how it relates to humans on infancy andchildhood as well as adolescence and young adulthood.
Ithas now been widely accepted that children are not completely blankslates that can be easily shaped by their immediate environment. Onthe contrary, they enter into the world adequately equipped withseveral incredible genetic capabilities. The brain is fitted with thesense of feeling and promotion of interaction. Take, for instance, anewborn baby. From birth, the infant tends to look for love andreacts with a strong attachment to the particular person who providesthis care and love. In Most cases, this person is the mother. Lateron in life, the baby can then develop an attachment to others whooffer a similar loving and caregiving attitude. Affection is vitalfor brain development similar to food, sound, and vision [ CITATION Bac12 l 1033 ].
Everynewborn baby has a unique personality. There is a possibility that itis highly influenced by inheritance factors. The interaction ofnature and nurture comes into play in the process of producingparticular character in a person. It is for this reason that someinfants are quiet, calm and watchful while others are hypersensitiveand overreact in certain situations. Likewise, some are comfortablewith various people while some are quite cautious of new faces. In anurturing perspective, genetic makeup is responsible for the typicalinternal activities of the brain and behavior.
Itis also what the child undergoes in a responsive environment whichfacilitates the discovery of the inborn potential. The surroundingaffects the young ones to the extent that their temperaments can beremolded over a given period. Studies have proven that children arecapable of outgrowing timidity through the kindergarten schooling dueto the responsive behavior exhibited by caregivers assisting them toachieve self-confidence [ CITATION Bac12 l 1033 ].
Youngchildren communicate mainly by crying. To get what they want, theysignal their caregivers by wailing. This is not the only means. Othercommunication methods include facial expressions, eye contact, bodylanguages such as hand and foot movement, tension, relaxation andbody rhythms for instance sucking, the speed of circulation andnursing. Take for example a child who has a couple of fingers in hismouth it is possible to conclude that he is hungry. Anotherillustration is when giving a bottle, and the baby turns his headaway, then it is a signal that he is satisfied.
Gurgling,kicking of the feet and direct eye contact is an indication ofpossible relaxation and fun. By having the ability to realize andrespond to these signals, the baby gains security and confidencehence encouraging the advent of learning. Crying sends a variety ofcues and by replying to the call, the infant is being taught how totrust and obtain a sense of security. In the initial periods of life,the child tries to comprehend and grasp their environment and realizethe actions that are encouraged and supported and those that are not[ CITATION Bac12 l 1033 ].
Nurtureinvolves cultivation. Children are born with unique abilities andtheir exposure to the world, and its activities impart the aspects oflearning, copying, communicating and having a loving relationship.However, the emotional growth requires consistent interaction betweenthe inbuilt psychological makeup and real life events. This isbecause at the beginning they entirely depend on adults for physicaland emotional support as well as a platform for learning, regulation,modeling and mentoring socially oriented behavior. As such, the childrequires sufficient caregiving to achieve his potential through theinformation imparted concerning how the world operates and the rulesof engagement therein.
Adolescenceand Young Adulthood
Naturevs. nurture occurrences can take place both early and later in life.As the individual matures, the experience grows on hence affectingthe personality of the adolescent or youth. Apparently, theexperience accumulates gradually from birth until death. As a youngindividual accumulates knowledge and information through schoollearning and social interaction, then the personality is affected andcan change in due course. It is for this same reason that the youthchooses to take different paths from one another.
Adolescentdevelopment takes place based on a cultural framework composed offamily members, peers, school, church community, and region and insome cases, the nation of origin. It is clear that the environmentcan affect the essential character and vice versa. It is for thisreason that individuals with a predisposition to criminal activitiesare typically affected by society and in this way, the cultureimpacts how their genes are conveyed [ CITATION Mai13 l 1033 ].
Natureand nurture debate is quite a controversial topic especially when itcomes to adolescents and young adults. For example, a family withseveral children brought up together are likely to have differentpersonalities despite being raised in a similar environment. Thisillustration shows how nature and nurture are inseparable. The youthis developing in a family setting where the parent is also developingparenting strategies based on prior experiences. As such, people needdifferent remedies and assistance during the commitment of violentand aggressive crimes which do not justify their behavior.
Oncertain specified scenarios such as insanity, a young person or anadult can be justified as having no choice but to perform anindividual act. Therefore, people must depict responsibility andhence the regimen for environmental oriented problems can be helpedand modified. It could be dangerous to put more emphasis on natureand ignoring nurture in this discussion. As children grow, they canpractice more control over the surroundings. This stage means that itis possible to have more control and choices as the age increases [ CITATION Mai13 l 1033 ].
Thebrain is fitted with the sense of feeling and promotion ofinteraction. Adolescents and young adults still possess thebiological aspect of genes and human nature. As such, whatever isconsidered inborn within them is deemed to be less flexible. In otherwords, children are born with unique abilities. What has been formedsince childhood is not easy to alter compared to an infant or a youngchild. The basis of behavior and personality has already set root andthe power to perform certain actions is centered on choice andresponsibility. This is why the limited flexibility can sometimeslead to criminal justice policies and varied social perceptions of afelon.
Backup Care. (2012, May 21). Babies: . Retrieved from Care: http://www.parentsinapinch.com/news/blog/babiesnature-vs-nurture/
Levitt, M. (2013). Perceptions of nature, nurture and behavior. Life Sciences, Society and Policy, 9-13.