Obesityis a multifaceted health problem to address. Obesity as a conditionis caused by many factors such as poor diet, age, poor lifestyle, andgenetics among many others ("WhatAre the Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity? – NHLBI, NIH",2016).
Thehealth effects of obesity are vast and deep—and have a grave andpermanent impact on nations, communities, and most importantly onpeople, today and across future generations. Just like tobacco,obesity is closely linked or causes many different types healthconditions such as stroke, heart disease, unhealthy cholesterol,diabetes, kidney stones, sleep apnea, gallstones, and various typesof cancer such as leukemia, colon, and breast cancer. The conditionalso comes with emotional and social effects such as lower wages,discrimination, lower life quality, and a likely vulnerability todepression ("WhatAre the Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity? – NHLBI, NIH",2016).
Obesitycases within my community have increased the incidences of chronicdiseases and deaths. The affected families have been put intofinancial strains especially in their effort to treat the chronicdiseases associated with obesity. Besides, obesity cases within thecommunity are linked to reduced productivity and fertility.Overweight women often develop infertility problems. It is not veryeasy for these women to get pregnant. About 90% of overweight womenoften develop the polycystic ovarian disease, a condition resultingin infertility over three-year time (Jungheim, 2015).
Onemajor contributing factor to obesity is a poor lifestyle. Poorlifestyle choices such as excessive use of alcohol, smoking, lack ofphysical activity, poor diet, and inadequate relief of stress cancause obesity. Unhealthy diets include foods that have high contentsof sugar, sodium, fat, and cholesterol. Eating such foods on a dailybasis can increase one’s blood pressure and the levels oftriglyceride and cholesterol. High cholesterol in the body isassociated with obesity. Lack of physical exercise also promotes theaccumulation of bad fats that cause obesity. Alcohol abuse alsopromotes weight gain (Jungheim, 2015).
Thebest way to avoid all these is to live a healthy life, which includesparticipating in regular exercise, eating healthy and natural foods,drinking responsibly, avoiding stress, and not engaging in smokingactivities. Natural, fresh foods contain nearly all minerals andvitamins that the body requires to maintain a healthy state. Suchfoods include vegetables, lean meat, grains, and fruits.
Theconflict theory, a type of social theory relates to poor lifestyle asa contributing factor to obesity (Johnson, 2013). Conflict theory isbased on power as well as how people in power do everything withintheir might to hold the majority of citizens down and bar them fromascending to power, so as to continue oppressing them (Johnson,2013). The proponent of conflict theory would argue that obesity is aproduct of stress, living conditions, poor food quality, and healtheducation that people in power chose as well as enforce for thosethat are not in power.
Accordingto the conflict theory, powerful and influential individuals (peoplein power, people owning companies and making laws) often createcheaper goods for the society. Since most of the people are poor andcannot afford to buy expensive healthy foods, they resort to thesecheap, unhealthy foods. The more they buy these low-priced, unhealthyfoods, the more they become susceptible to obesity (Johnson, 2013).Conflict theorists might argue that food education is oftencontrolled by larger government forces such as America DieteticAssociation, Unites States Department of Agriculture, and Food andDrug Administration might from time to time look for their corporateinterests from lobbyists and sponsors. In such cases, they mightlimit education about food intake, what is unhealthy and healthy, andmight recommend particular foods from given industries even thoughthey are associated with obesity. Fast foods and unhealthy foods,alcohol, and cigarettes are legal, yet they contribute largely toobesity.
Johnson,D. P. (2013). Contemporarysociological theory: An integrated multi-level approach.New York: Springer.
Jungheim,E. S. (2015). Obesityand fertility: A practical guide for clinicians.New York : Springer.
WhatAre the Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity? – NHLBI, NIH.(2016). Nhlbi.nih.gov.Retrieved 8 September 2016, fromhttp://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/risks.html.