Policemen of the World

POLICEMEN OF THE WORLD 1

Policemenof the World

The United States has operated as the undisputed world power forseveral decades. In this regard, other countries have been forced topursue goals that align with American interests. Military involvementof the U.S. in other parts of the world, particularly in the MiddleEast, is one of the most controversial foreign policies. While somepeople have been opposed to it, others have argued for increasedpresence of American forces in politically unstable regions orcountries (Bacevich, 2016). Recently, the U.S.-led interventions inIraq and Syria have attracted divergent political, social, andeconomic opinions and views in the society.

The military engagements by the United States in Syria and Iraq areassociated with the abandonment of the isolationist foreign policieswhich began in the early 20th century. Notably, theFourteen Points by President Woodrow Wilson marked the beginning ofthe country’s desire to protect its interests beyond its sovereignborders. This resulted in increased involvement in global affairs(Hastedt, 2015). In particular, the Iraq War of 2003-2011 wasprecipitated by the September 11 attacks in New York and Washington,D.C (Bacevich, 2016). President George Bush accused the Muslim nationof possessing and manufacturing weapons of mass destruction. Iraq wasalso suspected of sponsoring terrorist organizations such asal-Qaeda, the masterminds of the World Trade Center attacks(Bacevich, 2016). Consequently, the U.S. bombed the Arab country anddeployed thousands of troops. The capture and ultimate execution ofthe tyrant, Saddam Hussein, was followed by the progressivewithdrawal of American soldiers (Bacevich, 2016). On the other hand,the military intervention in Syria was motivated by an endeavor todestroy terrorists, who posed a serious threat to the U.S (Bacevich,2016). The invasion was also initiated to overthrow the ruling regimedue to its numerous violations of human rights (Bacevich, 2016).Initially, the government provided the rebels with supplies such aspickup trucks and food rations. However, later assistance was offeredthrough intelligence, financial resources, and training (Bacevich,2016). Therefore, such military engagements reflect the Americanpolicy to intervene in global affairs to foster its agenda.

Since 1865, three important historical factors have contributed tothe rise of the United States as a superpower. These factors includerapid industrialization, social developments, and the country’srole in the First and Second World Wars (Kennedy &amp Cohen, 2016).Notably, several industries such as electrical power, steelmanufacturing, and petroleum refining emerged some years after theCivil War. The infrastructure also expanded such that remote areascould contribute to the national economy. Moreover, abundant socialdevelopments were seen through the growth of the middle class and anincrease in wealthy individuals (Kennedy &amp Cohen, 2016).Favorable immigration laws also led to the establishment of a diverseworkforce (Kennedy &amp Cohen, 2016). Besides, Americanparticipation in the First and Second World Wars exalted the countryas a military powerhouse. In this respect, several European nationssuch as Germany and France were deposed by the Anglo-Americanalliance. The U.S. also developed advanced weapons and nucleartechnology that were superior to those of other countries (Kennedy &ampCohen, 2016). Consequently, rapid industrialization, socialrevolution, and participation in World War I and II have accorded theUnited States its status as a superpower.

The decades following the Second World War have been characterized byseveral international incidents where the United States has assumed aglobal policing role. These include the interventions in the KoreanWar, the Gulf War, Somalia Civil War, Suez Crisis, and the invasionof Grenada (Thompson, 2015). The 1956 invasion of Israel into Egyptmotivated the U.S. to join forces with the United Kingdom to end thetyrannical reign of Gamal Abdel Nasser. Such attacks were also keento regain control of the Suez Canal as a critical trade route(Thompson, 2015). In 1983, President Ronald Reagan ordered theinvasion of Grenada to eliminate the threat posed to Americans by theisland’s Marxist regime (Thompson, 2015). Furthermore, the U.S. gotinvolved in the Korean War to prevent the Soviet Union from expandingits communist influence. In fact, the United States sought toestablish democracy while the Asians desired to have a unified state(Thompson, 2015). In 1990, Iraqi forces invaded neighboring Kuwaitand hence instigated the Gulf War. The U.S. engineered air strikes tovanquish Saddam’s soldiers and force them to retreat (Thompson,2015). American forces also participated in a multinational effort toprovide humanitarian aid during the Somalia Civil War in 1993(Thompson, 2015). Such incidents highlight the tendency of the U.S.to adopt a global policing role.

Several factors have influenced foreign policies that have resultedin the interventionist approach by the United States. For example,peacekeeping missions under the United Nations led to the engagementin the Somalia Civil War (Thompson, 2015). Besides, the interventionsduring the Suez Crisis were motivated by a desire to protect Americaninterest abroad. The involvement in the Korean War was primarily dueto the fear of communism takeover (Thompson, 2015). Additionally, theaerial attacks during the Gulf War aimed to secure access toessential natural resources such as crude oil. Moreover, the invasionof Grenada was intended to promote democracy and the rule of law(Thompson, 2015). Such aspects have contributed to the interferenceof the United States government in international affairs.

Indeed, American military involvement in other countries such as Iraqand Syria has led to polarized opinions. U.S. foreign policy hasestablished guidelines for increased interventions in global affairs.Consequently, the American government has used its distinguishedmilitary to enforce international laws and treaties in defiantregimes. The resultant effects have heightened the nation’sundisputed role as a superpower and a global police.

References

Bacevich, A. (2016). America`s war for the greater Middle East: amilitary history. New York, NY: Random House.

Hastedt, G. (2015). American foreign policy: Past, present, andfuture. Lanham, MD: Rowman &amp Littlefield.

Kennedy, D. &amp Cohen, L. (2016). The American Pageant: AHistory of the Republic. Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin.

Thompson, J. (2015). A Sense of Power: The Roots of America`sWorld Role. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Policemen of the World

Policemenof the World

Policemenof the World

Variouscountries have great control as well as strong influence over othercountries around the globe. Such countries with popularity includethe key European states and America. The ability of these countriesto have control and impact over other countries is attributed to thefact that they have the ability to avail aids, funds, and influencepolicies. It is after the Civil War that the military of the UnitedStates was recognized as strongest in the world. The fact thatAmerica is well equipped has resulted to increased roles andresponsibilities. Such responsibilities include ensuring that thereis law and order in different parts of the world. The best examplesto illustrate the role of the American military across the worldinclude the war waged against Afghanistan and Iraq (Berkin et al.,2013).

Internationalevents involving the US military from the past five (5) years thatcan be traced back to a foreign policy created after the Civil War

Overthe years, America has taken precautionary measures to ensure thatthere will be no world wars in the future. To ensure this, thegovernment has implemented policies that have banned the developmentof nuclear power. Despite banning other countries from engaging inthe development of the weapons, America dominates in atomic power,and this has ensured that it has remained powerful over othercountries. America has implemented a number of foreign policies tomaintain its dominant status. Prime examples include the actionsAmerica took over Afghanistan and Iraq and also countering nucleardevelopment in China and North Korea. However, besides ensuring thatthe superpower retains its control, the country also fears that somecountries such as Iraq would pose threats to its allies. For thisreason, America has forced countries such as Iraq to stop theirprograms of producing weapons of mass destruction (Rosita et al.,2010).

Aspectsof US history since 1865 that have led to America’s rise as a worldsuperpower

Thereare various policies rules that America has laid down to be theworld’s strongest force. Some of these events include theimplementation of antiterrorism policies and the changing of policiesof immigration. Another primary control is the implementation ofstrict laws against nuclear weapon development (Nikou, 2014). Sincethe Bush administration, the country has engaged in preclusivemeasures to avert the production of weapons by its internationalfoes.

InternationalIncidents since World War II where America has taken on a PolicingRole

Afterthe Second World War, America played a significant role in shapingthe international policies. For example, due to increased globalcrime and the need for political infiltrations America allows the CIAto conduct activities in other countries. In addition, the DrugEnforcement Administration and the FBI are globally recognized fortheir participation in international security. These organizationsliaise with other narcotic and terror prevention in differentcountries.

Anotherincident that America addressed after the Second World War was therace for military supremacy against Russia and other countries.According to Wolfe (2012), the government became a signatory to thenon-proliferation treaty that is enforced by the United Nations. Theagreement restricts the production and use of nuclear weapons.

DrivingForces, that fueled international policy decisions

Thepolicies from the content covered were established as a result ofseveral reasons. For example, NATO is a body composed of a militaryalliance that was established to cover countries in the AtlanticArea.

Theother driving force that led to the establishment of theinternational policies is the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. Theagreement was signed between the Soviet Union and the United States,and it banned each of these members from using anti-ballisticmissiles (Solomon, 2011).

Conclusion

Sincethe end of the Second World War, various countries have intensifiedtheir military investment. The United States has retained itssupremacy by being the biggest spender in security operations. Thecountry has enacted various policies that have enabled it to retainits dominance. Additionally, other countries have always looked upto the United States of America as a model in military sophisticationand for international cooperation.

References

Berkin,C., Miller, C., Cherny, R., (2013).Making America: A History of theUnited States,&nbspVolume1: To 1877. NewYork N.Y: Cengage Learning.

Nikou,S. (2014) The United States Institute of Peace:&nbspTimelineof Iran`s foreign relation. Retrievedfrom&nbsphttp://iranprimer.usip.org/resource/timeline-irans-foreign-relations

Rosita,J., &amp Scott, J. (2011). ThePolitics of United States foreign policy. NewYork N.Y.: Cengage Learning.

Solomon,K. L. (2011). Assessmentof the potential operational consequences of Russia joining NATO.Army command and General Staff Coll Fort Leavenworth Ks School ofAdvanced Military Studies.

Wolfe,A. J. (2012). Competing with the Soviets: Science, Technology, andthe State in Cold War America.&nbspBaltimore:JHUPress.