Problems of Petroleum and the Sustainable Alternatives

PROBLEMS OF PETROLEUM AND THE SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVES 4

Problemsof Petroleum and the Sustainable Alternatives

Problemsof Petroleum and the Sustainable Alternatives

Topicintroduction

Theneed for sustainable energy is among the most essential necessitiesof the current human life. Energy is currently used for social,economic and political development in all aspects of life. Petroleumis a dominant source of energy that has been adopted by mostindustrialized countries. The developed and developing countriesnormally use oil, natural gas as well as coal. However, usingpetroleum has significant consequences on the environment and humanlife. The topic of discussion in this paper is the problems presentedby petroleum oil and the quest by the world to seek sustainableenergy as an alternative source of energy.

Thesisstatement

Theuse of Petroleum presents significant problems in the world, whichbrings the need for alternative sustainable sources of energy.

Thetwo subtopics

Thetwo subtopics that will be discussed in this paper are the following

  • Problems of using Petroleum

  • Sustainable sources of energy

Thetwo subtopics are necessary in understanding the increased globalconsequences of petroleum oil as a source of energy and the need foralternatives. The growing world population is growing at a rate thatwill increase demand for energy (Epstein, 2014). In addition,developing countries have high likelihood of demanding moreindustries and consumption than the already industrialized countriesdue to inefficiencies. For this reason, there is an increased energyconsumption, which makes petroleum energy source unsustainable. It isunsustainable because it is unable to meet the growing demand in theworld (Tsitskishvili and Veziroglu, 2013). This therefore forces theglobal community or individual nations to turn up to otheralternative sources of energy such as nuclear power and geothermal.

Ajournal article relating to the topic

Thejournal article in discussion focuses on the largest oil spill in theUnited States’ deep water horizon. This is one of the majorproblems that are commonly associated with petroleum fuel energy.There was an estimated two million gallons of crude oil that wasestimated to have spilt in the ocean (Ramseur, 2010). In addition,researchers were able to identify decreasing amounts of oil on theocean’s surface and in other places. Due to these events, thisjournal article seeks to find out any causes of such decrease throughthe lens of natural processes, human interventions as well as‘others’ (Ramseur, 2010). The common key words utilized in thisarticle include oil spill, which is normally the accidental releaseof such oil to the water body surfaces. Natural processes are thosenaturally occurring processes such as evaporation or organismingestion of oil spill causing such oil decrease.

References

EpsteinA. (2014). TheMoral Case for Fossil Fuels.Westminster: Penguin Publishing Group.

RamseurL. J. (2010). Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Fate of Oil.CongressionalResearch Services.7-5700, R41531

TsitskishviliM. and Veziroglu A. (2013). BlackSea Energy Resource Development &amp Hydrogen Energy.New York: Springer Publishers.