Prospectus paper on Gender inequality regarding healthcare in females

Prospectuspaper on Gender inequality regarding healthcare in females

Cultures provideus with the values and diversity of the world around us. It helps usperceive about how people think, how people behave, how people eatand drink, how people wear, what language they speak, and whatfestivals they celebrate. The list is definitely endless. Hence, thethesis of this paper will be to find out the importance of Americanculture and its impact on the world.

Cultures try todefine the self-image, and hence we shall always strive out for thosecultures that will help us to get more prosperity. In such cases, wecan never forget the American`s culture in today`s contemporaryworld. It has all the luxuries and pleasures available, which areoften reflected in each of its prosperous cities.

Gender ethicsthis is a situation where we are looking the rights of differentsexes, that is the difference between men and women in power sharingand how they are treated in the society (Macdonald &amp Sirotich,2005). Most of many cultures take women as weak and have no equalrights with men and they are not involved in many decisional makingin the society.

Gender bias meansapplying discrimination on the basis of criteria relevant to gender.So, it will be more regarding to the male and female discriminationin a given society. This discrimination translates into abuse, anddue to which, their growth and development seem to be backward orlagging behind.

On this basis, itis found that, there are several disparities observed among thedifferent cultures, races and tribes in a given society. Thedisparities could be observed in terms of healthcare, income, socialstatus and classification of the race (Gazso, 2004).

Such disparitiesare observed amongst different race, sexual orientation, ethnicity,socioeconomic status, and others. It is important to address theseissues to avoid such bias among the different cultures of thesociety. The thesis of this paper will be focusing upon the policiesthat are in place related to the Healthcare Disparities observedamong women, and what new policies can be implemented in thisdirection.


Healthdisparities refer to the differences in the quality of the healthcareservices across the different populations. Health disparity resultsdue to difference in several factors, which are beyond the rich ofhuman influence. Disparity refers to some kind of social injusticethat happens with respect to the health services amongst thedifferent individuals in the given society (Leck, 2005).

Some section ofthe society will have access to all the types of healthcare services,and other section of the society will have access to only limitedtypes of healthcare services. As a result, people with limited accesswill suffer, and their life will be endangered more in comparisonwith those who have access to all the types of healthcare services.

Leck (2005)confirms that, disparity is not only limited to access to healthcareservices, but it is also related to the difference in the healthoutcomes and difference in the way people approach for severalhealthcare services.

The government isstrictly against any such occurrences of sexual discrimination, butstill the workplace experience narrated by Grant Macdonald and FrankSirotich, confirm that, women were no safer at the workplace of anyorganization (Spitzer, 2005). In addition, some of the researcheshave even confirmed that men are enjoying more rights and liberty ascompared to women. On this occasion, it is observed that, women arefinding issues in accessing to the healthcare services.

It has beenrecently noticed by the World Healthcare Organization and the localgovernment of Haiti that, the women have been facing severalhealthcare issues, especially of blood pressure. There are severalissues or causes due to which the number of women affected with theblood pressure have increased a lot.

One of the majorissues is stress and another important contributing factor is thefamily environment, wherein the Haitian women are not findingthemselves comfortable. As a result they are not able to take thosepressures, due to which they are facing several healthcare issues.


Some of themedical research reports presented by the government in 2010 havementioned that, due to social inequalities, Haitian women havetangible effects on their body, which in turn affects their overallhealth.

There could beseveral other issues such as poverty, social discrimination,non-availability of the medical services, disrupting ways of livingthe life, non-availability of the sanitation facilities, rising costof medications and so on. Hence, we need to inspect each of theseelements, and try to determine the major contribution factor due towhich, Haitian women are facing the issues of blood pressure(Brockett, 2002).

The socialstatus of the women

Women areperceived to have several social issues, due to which every now andthen they are struggling with both economic and health issue.Further, neither the family key members nor the government is payingany proper attention on providing of the healthcare services to thesewomen. The family members are least interested in providing educationto these women, due to which they lack the basic knowledge of how totake better healthcare.

They are not ableto understand how to deal with tensed situations, and how to overcometensions and worries. As per one of the medical research reports ofthe World Health Organization in 2011, it was found that, the womengenerally do not feel anything entitles to the public health care oreducation, despite of their citizenship status.

Women have beenexploiting since ages, during both colonial and post-colonialhistories. They have faced several challenges in labor as well ashave been engaged into domestic violence, which have left these womentensed throughout their lives. Their husbands are working hard andnot earning enough to buy the basic necessities of life such as food,water, and shelter. In addition, they were constantly exploited inone or the other ways, due to which the stress levels of these womenwere found to be constantly increasing (Hughes &amp Tadic, 1998).

The Risk ofHypertension

One of theresearch reports of the local government in this direction in 2010has mentioned about the risk of hypertension and the resulting bloodpressure situation. However, majority of the cases are found amongstthe weaker sections of the society. These women have also been facingthe challenges of social burden, due to which they have been alwaysfound in one or the other tensed situations.

Due to weakereconomic situations, we can find several alterations in their diet aswell, due to which they are not able to consumer highly nutritiousdiet. This affects their health in many ways. The head of the familyis helpless, and the government is not at all interested in improvingthe current situation.

There could beseveral policies and programs, but they are just on paper ordocument they are not implemented in the real life. Hence, thesewomen will be found to be messed up with their social issues, withthe economic issues, and with the tensions related to earninglivelihood, with the tensions related to the proper growth anddevelopment of their children, with the tensions related to preparingmeal for the day, and so on.

All these resultsinto hypertension and these women are found to be remaining indifferent types of stress levels. As a result, they suffer from bloodpressure due to lack of availing the medical and healthcarefacilities (Adkins, 1995). In addition, they are also not takingproper diet, due to which there is lack of nutrition in their bodies.This further worsens their overall situation.

The unfairtreatment and harassment

There has beenone more factor come into the given picture, which could lead toblood pressure amongst the women. This factor includes the unfairtreatment and harassment, which results into conflict between thewomen and the other entities. This further leads to trauma anddisplacement, which likely will increase the overall blood pressureamongst these women.

They however havebeen facing the other local illnesses, for which they are notundergoing any treatment due to lack of availability of medicalservices as well as due to high costs of medication.

There is lot ofexploitation observed in the employment for the family members ofthese women, and hence, it becomes all the more difficult to bear thepressure of unemployment as well as economic crisis. Due to suchsituations, they do not only face the issue of living, but also facethe issue of earning a basic livelihood.

The governmentand other authorities are not at all paying any attention, due towhich their situation worsens. The male members become helpless, andthey try to take off their frustration on their wives or on otherfamily members. As a result, women will be the ones who will bemostly suffering in both the ways. They are already not receiving anykind of help from the economic perspective, due to which even theirchildren will stay hungry for the entire day but, in addition, theyalso need to tolerate the frustrations from their husbands.

Hence, it becomesall the more difficult for them to handle such situations, which inturn creates hypertension within their minds. They psychologicallybecome weak, and due to lack of proper diet and food, they even facephysical problems. Thus, overall they are directly impacted with theblood pressure issues, and they have no way to cure it eithermedically or psychologically or through any other means (Kemp, 1994).

Lack ofsupport from Government and the Medical Authorities

There is oneissue to think about, at this stage. Despite of facing so manyissues, and still living in this nation, the government, the localauthorities, and even the World Health Organization has not taken anysteps in identifying the factor for the blood pressure, andsubsequently curing them.

The nation hasgranted citizenship as per the legal norms, but the country is notproviding appropriate healthcare facility to these people. Hence,they are suffering in very badly manner, and due to which, it nowseems to be of utmost importance to take certain steps.


As per one of thelocal medical research reports, it has been found that hypertensionand resulting blood pressures are turning out to be second most majorfactor in causing death. The rate seems to be around 51.9 per 100,000women. However, the rates vary for the rural and urban localities.

There has beenintense research carried out by certain researches in order todetermine the blood pressure levels amongst these women. They havedefined the levels for systolic blood pressure to be &gt= 140 mm Hgand for the diastolic blood pressure to be &gt= 90 mm Hg. They haveeven concluded that, hypertension and resulting blood pressure are awidespread problem in Haiti.

Stress could becreated due to several reasons, but as mentioned above, poverty andunemployment are the two major contributing factors. The overallpercentage of women living below the poverty line as per the 2010statistical records was around 27%, which is quite high as comparedto other nations.

The income dataobtained in the same year mentions that, women are the mosteconomically disadvantaged group, since they are not able to earnsatisfactorily income for their entire family. As a result they arefacing both economic and healthcare issues, which indeed becomeschallenging to overcome them (Krook &amp Childs, 2010).

It has been alsonoticed that about 44% of the total households are earning less thanthe national food basket estimated. We can now at least concludethat, due to lower wages, these people are already suffering frompoverty. Due to lack of appropriate employment opportunities, thesepeople are exploited and thus are not able to earn stable income.This in turn effects on their education and medical issues.

The women werealready facing the stress and hypertension issues, but these twomajor problems have added more tension to them. Further, the livingconditions are already worse as compared to other general populationof the world. As per the research reports of 2008, it was found that,about 39% households were using a shared toilet facilities and it wasalso found that, there were about 44% households who were using apiped water facility into their houses and homes.

Key Findings

The resultsobtained mention that, around 100 Haitian women were interviewed, andout of that, around 31% were facing socio-economic issues or weretensed due to some other conditions. The age-range of theseparticipants was 27-55 years (Krook &amp Childs, 2010) but theywere still facing several medical issues. Besides, half of them wereconstantly migrating to Bahamas and were switching back and forth.

The findingsobtained, as well as the meta-analysis carried out of the otherresearch papers mention that, it was due to internalization ofviolence, stress, fear, tensions, and anxiety, due to which thesewomen were constantly facing the issues of blood pressure.

The emotions wereinvolved deeply, which were thereby altering as per the givensituation. As a result the blood was rising till the head. The othertension situations were arising from carrying out the regularresponsibilities of their household, taking care of the familymembers, fighting against the economic difficulties, and so on. Therewas lot of emotional stress involved, due to which people were notable to overcome with their issues of blood pressure. Some of theother symptoms identified include itching, backaches, numbness, nosebleeds, and fainting.

Recommendationsand Conclusion

It is importantto find solutions to curb these blood pressure and other importanthealthcare issues. People are already challenges of poverty andunemployment now, adding to that of education and health willdestroy their lives fully.

The women oftoday’s world need to adapt to the principles of Individualismethical theory. It will help any woman to define and protect herself-identity. She will be able to define objectives in her life and,accordingly, will strategize her priorities to achieve them.

She needs todefine herself separately to men in order to achieve the desiredrespect and honor, both from men and society. The government, thenot-for-profit organizations, and other local enforcement agenciesneed to provide support to all such initiatives in order to eliminatethe issue of gender bias from our society.

It is now highalarming time for the government, for the community bodies, and themedical and healthcare organizations to come forward and initiateprograms that will help them to overcome all these issues.

It is equallyimportant for them to provide education and information, so thatthese women can better take care of their health (Nelson, 2006). TheWorld Health Organization needs to come forward and engage otherdeveloped nations to provide the necessary help and assistance to thewomen so that they can be rescued.


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