Psychology Discussion on Social Anxiety Disorder

PsychologyDiscussion on Social Anxiety Disorder

PsychologyDiscussion on Social Anxiety Disorder

Thepsychological discussion aims at understanding how Social AnxietyDisorder is diagnosed, assessed, and treated. The article that willbe used in the discussion is “Social anxiety disorder (socialphobia).” The article is authored by the National Health Service ofthe United Kingdom (NHS).

Credibilityof the Source

TheNHS UK is a credible source of information. The organization ismanaged by the health department of the UK government. Medicalexperts work in the department. They are responsible for offeringmedical services, conducting research, and publishing peer-reviewedarticles and books. The publication and distribution of resources aredone using both electronic and print platforms. “Social anxietydisorder (social phobia)” was posted on the website of NHS UK afterdetailed peer review process. The website is www.nhs.uk.

Significanceof DSM-5 in Diagnosing Social Disorder

TheDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) isimportant in determining various psychological disorder conditions.It is the standard approach of determining medical disorders in theUnited States and also the UK. The fifth edition (DSM-5) is suitablefor all clinical settings. DSM-5 uses the minimum symptom duration toeliminate the possibility of temporary fear (Gerald, 2012).

AssessmentProcess

Childrenwho have social anxiety disorder can cry uncontrollably and haveunmanageable tantrums. They fear to engage in school and socialactivities for example, class discussions and sports. Adults havesigns such as low self-esteem, panic attacks, and other mental healthchallenges such as depression. Healthcare professionals diagnosesocial anxiety disorder by asking questions and filling thediagnostic questionnaire. The most effective questionnaire is theSocial Interaction Anxiety Scale. The filled questionnaire is used todetermine the level of anxiety (NHS, 2015)

TreatmentStrategies

Thereare several treatment options for social anxiety disorder. One optionis the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). CBT enables the patient toidentify unrealistic thoughts and behaviors. The therapist assiststhe patient to change behavior and engage in realistic and helpfulthoughts and actions (NHS, 2015).

References

Corey,Gerald. (2012). Theoryand practice of counseling and psychotherapy.New York: Cengage Learning.

NHS.(2015). Social anxiety disorder (social phobia). Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/social-anxiety/Pages/Social-anxiety.aspx