Reducing Health Risks of Cardiovascular Disease

ReducingHealth Risks of Cardiovascular Disease

Reducing Health Risks of Cardiovascular Diseases Target Population: Adults both men and women This brochure targets both males and females adults living in Atlanta, Georgia in the United States since this is the most vulnerable age bracket. According to American Heart Association statistical report (2016), cardiovascular diseases cause 17.3 million deaths annually across the world, and this is expected to rise to 23.6 million globally by 2030.In the United States, 0.81 million people succumbed to the cardiovascular disease in the year 2013. It is estimated that 2,200 Americans die of these infections daily, an equivalent of one death in every 40 seconds. About 85.6 million Americans are living with cardiovascular diseases or after-effects of stroke. It is estimated that out of all African and American adults, 48% of women and 46% of men are infected with cardiovascular diseases (American Heart Association, 2016).

The human heart and the entire circulatory system are among the most sensitive organs of the body. Cardiovascular diseases infect these systems. They majorly involve blocked or narrowed blood vessels and may lead to conditions such as angina (chest pain), heart attack, stroke, and arrhythmia and hypertensive heart disease depending on the severity of the blockage. These diseases are caused by a combination of factors including lifestyle and diet (Napoli, 2007). Despite the adverse effects of these diseases, many people do not adhere to the medical advice that is given by specialists.

It is estimated that 90% of these conditions are preventable (McMahan A, 2008).

To reduce incidences of cardiovascular infections, the following strategies will be implemented.

  1. Educating the Public

Creating awareness to the public about cardiovascular diseases is one of the approaches that will be used. Several talks will be conducted to enlighten the public on what cardiovascular diseases are and how to avoid them.

Diet and physical body exercise enlightenment program, high fiber, low sugar, low salt and a low-fat diet are essential for prevention of these infections. Intake of whole grains, fish, vegetables and fruits also play a crucial role in heart disease prevention. High trans-fat intake affects blood lipids adversely. It is advocated that one should be involved in a vigorous body exercise for at least 30 minutes in a day or at least five times a week. This enhances conversion of excess fat in the body into usable physical energy through respiration. (Chadwick, 1998).

Programs to Reduce Risks of Cardiovascular Diseases

  1. Social Support

This approach aims at helping the patients to manage their conditions. Specially trained nurses will be responsible for offering specialized training. Equipment will be provided to the patients to make sure that they adequately exercise. Training on stress and depression management, psychological stress triggers some heart-related conditions myocardial ischemia is a mental stress-induced condition which is associated with cardiovascular infections.Tokotsubo syndrome is a heart dysfunction condition caused by physical and emotional stress, and therefore it’s essential to educate the population on stress management.


Ifwe consider the location and the size of the population, earlypreparations have to be done. The program will need finances tofacilitate transportation of specialists and the necessary equipmentto the place of work. Thereis a necessity to hire trained medical personnel who will conduct thetraining and the sensitization programs. This calls for remunerationfor the entire team. A variety of training materials will have to bepurchased towards the implementation of the strategic program.


Cardiovasculardisease remains the leading cause of death in many parts of theworld. Despite the measures many countries have put in place, theprevalence is still high. More initiatives are required to curb thisissue. Although people seem to have knowledge about the disease,without translating it to preventive action will not help.


AmericanHeart Association, (2016). Heart disease and stroke statistics-2016update., Retrieved September 2, 2016, from

Chadwick,D., Goode, J., &amp Novartis Foundation.(1998). Alcoholand cardiovascular diseases.Chichester:Wiley.

Ignarro,L. J., Balestrieri, M. L., &amp Napoli, C. (January 01, 2007).Nutrition, physical activity, and cardiovascular disease: an update.CardiovascularResearch, 73, 2,326-40.

McGill,J. H. C., McMahan, C. A., &ampGidding, S. S. (March 01, 2008).Preventing heart disease in the 21st century: Implications of thepathobiological determinants of atherosclerosis in youth (PDAY)study.Circulation, 117,9, 1216-1227