Research Assignment

ResearchAssignment

ResearchAssignment

DataCollection Worksheet Template

StatisticalInformation is from what City or County: Oklahoma County

SECTIONONE: Data Collection

Demographics-Related Data

Indicators

Data from Your

Chosen Location

(City or County)

Data for US *

Data Source

(Cite appropriately)

Sampling Notes

Overall population of area of focus

3,751,351

321,418,820

http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/40/accessible

There is a significant disparity in the overall population level.

Population under the age of 5

134,516

19,927,966

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

The county has an exceedingly small percentage compared to that of the entire country

Population over the age of 65

32,130

41784446

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

Oklahoma county has a slightly smaller percentage of older people aged 65 and over.

Population of male and female

Male 1,856,977

Female 1,894,374

Male 154379051

Male 154379051

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

No significant differences are imminent in both Oklahoma and the United States

Ethnic backgrounds

Hispanic make up 8.9% of the population. Major ancestry groups of Hispanic population are 7.1% Mexican, 0.3% Puerto Rican, 0.2% Spanish, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.1% Salvadoran, 0.1% Cuban

White 77.1%

Black 13.3%

Asian 5.6%

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0.2%

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

No significant differences exist in terms of the ethnic composition

Percentage of non-native speaking population/ households

Below 1%

Below 1%

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

No significant differences

Education levels

High school graduate or higher, percent of

persons age 25 years+, 2010-2014 constitute 86.7%

High school graduate or higher, percent of

persons age 25 years+, 2010-2014 constitute 86.3%

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

There is a slight variation in terms of the education levels

Income levels

Median household income (in 2014 dollars), 2010-2014 is $46,235

Median household income (in 2014 dollars), 2010-2014 is $53,482

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

There is a difference in the overall income levels. There is a difference of approximately $7000.

Poverty level

Persons in poverty, is 16.6%

Persons in poverty, is 14.8%

https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/00

Oklahoma reports a slightly high poverty rate compared to the United States

HEALTH RELATED DATA

Indicators

Data from Your

Chosen Location

(City or County)

Data for US *

Data Source

(Cite appropriately)

Sampling Notes

Life expectancy

76.5 years

78.74

Oklahoma has a lower life expectancy compared to the overall country

Infant mortality

6.7 per 1,000 live births.

5.96

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

The infant mortality rate at Oklahoma is high indicating a problem with the county’s health system

10 diseases with the highest mortality (or prevalence)

1. Heart Disease

Heart Disease

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Both the county and country identify heart disease as a significant health problem

2. Cancer

Cancer

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Cancer is a problem both at the county and national level.

3. Lung Disease

Chronic lower respiratory diseases

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Respiratory diseases is a challenge at both the county and national level.

4. Accidents

Accidents

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Accidents represents another primary factor related to high mortality rate at both the county and national level.

5. Stroke

Stroke

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Similarity is depicted regarding the impact of stroke on the wellness of citizens at both the county and national level.

6.Diabetes

Alzheimer’s Disease

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Diabetes is an issue of primary concern at Oklahoma compared to the nation’s state where Alzheimer’s is the problem.

7.Alzheimer’s

Diabetes

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

The reverse is true for Alzheimer’s and diabetes

8.Suicide

Influenza-Pneumonia

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Suicide leads in causing mortality compared to influenza-pneumonia at Oklahoma county.

9.Influenza-pneumonia

Kidney disease

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Compared to kidney disease that is a problem at the national level, influenza-pneuomina is a challenge at the county level.

10.Nephritis

Suicide

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf

Suicide is highlighted as the least ranking factor in causing mortality at the national level compared to nephritis at the county level.

Comparisonand Analysis of Oklahoma County and the United States

Significantdifferences are imminent when the statistics between Oklahoma Countyand the United States are compared. The United States population islarger compared to that of Oklahoma. However, it is imperative toconsider the fact that such statistics are highlighted at thenational level. The differences cut across all data that relates toaspects of the population. However, it is essential to note thedifference in population of both males and females at the county andnational level. At the county level, women are many compared to theirmale counterparts. However, at the national level, the numbers aremore or less the same. Oklahoma seems to have a high percentage ofindividuals with different ethnic background compared to the entirecountry.

Anevaluation of the health data indicates minor differences regardingthe population. For example, it is evident that both Oklahoma and theUnited States encounter a higher mortality rate from diseasesaffecting the heart, cancer, respiratory conditions, accidents, andstroke. Such is an indication of the need to address the conditionsince they are the leading causes of mortality among the people.Oklahoma has a higher infant mortality rate compared to statisticsdepicted at the national level. It could explain the failure orinadequate measures to address health-related problems.

HeartDisease

Cardiovasculardisease is selected as the issue that would be addressed. It arisesout of the fact that the statistics indicate that it is the leadingcause of mortality both at the county and national level (Wenger,2011).

Rationalefor Choice of Heart Disease as the Health Issue

Mortalityrates arising due to heart conditions are on the increase. Statisticsboth at the county and national level indicate that it is the leadingcause of death among people. The growth in number of individualslosing life due to heart-related problems negates the need to come upwith interventions to address the problem . Further, the choice ofthe health issue emanates from the fact that despite heart conditionsbeing the leading cause of mortality, the disease can be prevented(Carroll&amp Miller, 2013).It is essential to focus on the issue to help come up with ways ofreducing the mortality rates.

ChosenPopulation

Individualsaged sixty-five years will be used in addressing the selected healthissue. Individuals from both genders will be highlighted since theyare all affected. The demographics are essential since it representsthe number of those mostly affected by heart conditions.

Objectivesto Address the Issue

  1. To reduce the mortality rates arising due to heart conditions among patients aged 65 years and over in a duration of six months.

  2. To create awareness among people aged 65 years and over regarding management of heart conditions in a duration of six months.

  3. To increase collaboration between patients and health care providers regarding management of heart conditions for patients aged sixty-five years and above within a period of twelve months and beyond.

ObjectiveOne -Reduction of Mortality Rates

Activities

  1. Increase accessibility to medications that lower cholesterol by liaising with relevant health institutions.

  2. Encourage the elderly to access treatment soon as they suspect to be suffering from the condition.

  3. Encourage people aged 65 years and over to lead a healthy lifestyle (Bhupathiraju &amp Tucker, 2011).

ObjectiveTwo- Increasing Awareness among the Elderly

Activities

  1. Introduce community-based programs that will serve as education centers for the elderly regarding ways of dealing with the condition.

  2. Introduce seminars and workshops conducted by health care professionals that will be educative to the patients.

  3. Invite the elderly to participate in health-related programs in the community.

ObjectiveThree- Increasing Collaboration with stakeholders in Health Sector

Activities

  1. Increase coordination of activities with authorities in the health sector.

  2. Invite condition health specialists to give a periodic address to patients and those not affected.

  3. Induce government participation in dealing with the issue by holding them responsible.

References

Bhupathiraju,S. N., &amp Tucker, K. L. (2011). Coronary heart disease prevention:nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns. ClinicaChimica Acta International Journal of Clinical Chemistry,412(17-18),1493–1514. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2011.04.038

Carroll,W., &amp Miller, G. E. (2013). STATISTICAL BRIEF #409: Heart Diseaseamong Elderly Americans: Estimates for the U.S. CivilianNoninstitutionalized Population, 2010. MedicalExpenditure Panel Survey.Retrieved fromhttp://meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/data_files/publications/st409/stat409.shtml

Wenger,N. K. (2011). What do the 2011 American heart association guidelinestell us about prevention of cardiovascular disease in women? ClinicalCardiology.http://doi.org/10.1002/clc.20940

http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/40/accessible

http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/OK_2015.pdf