RESEARCH METHODS 2
Thereare two main data classification types: primary and secondary.Primary data is data that a researcher collects personally. This datatype is usually new and follows after secondary data (BrighamYoung University, 2016).Secondary data is information gathered from other databases orinstitutions. There are various data collection methods, whoseapplicability is dependent on either the quantitative or qualitativeresearch methodologies. Surveys, for example, are critical incollecting data when standardization is essential (NationalScience Foundation, 2012, p. 49).Interviews come in handy when the researcher requires theperspectives of his participants included in the study. Focus groupsare ideal when it comes to unearthing group dynamics. Observationaltechniques develop a fertile ground for gathering first-handinformation on the processes, programs, or behaviors under study.Tests help researchers develop a way through which they can assessthe subjects` abilities to apply new knowledge to particularsituations.
Thereare two primary types of sampling: probability and non-probabilitysampling (King, 2013, p. 1). Probability sampling entails collectinginformation from sources that are predetermined. The forms ofprobability sampling include random, systematic, cluster, andstratified random sampling. Non-probability sampling involvesgathering information from unidentified sources. The types ofnon-probability sampling consist of convenience, quota, dimensional,purposive, and snowball sampling. Deducing from the explanationsdeveloped beforehand, the type of data used in JournalEntry 1is a combination of primary and secondary data. Surveys and the worksof authors such as Gordon, Kuniak, & Sherman (2012) and Beidoğlu,Dinçyürek, & Akıntuğ (2015) have been used in the researchprocess. I used surveys (primary data) to gather information on thecompetency of counselors in using technology, and secondary sourcesto highlight the importance of technology in institutions oflearning. I utilized probability sampling since my research focused,primarily, on the competence of counselors in using technology.
Beidoğlu,M., Dinçyürek, S., & Akıntuğ, Y. (2015). The opinions ofschool counselors on the use of information and communicationtechnologies in school counseling practices: North Cyprus schools.Computersin Human Behavior,52,466-471.
BrighamYoung University. (2016). DataTypes and Sources. Fhssrsc.byu.edu.Retrieved 14 September 2016, fromhttps://fhssrsc.byu.edu/Pages/Data.aspx
Gordon,G. M., Kuniak, S., & Sherman, C. A. (2012). RECORD KEEPING ANDTECHNOLOGY IN COUNSELING ETHICS. CounselingEthics: Philosophical and Professional Foundations,147.
King,R. (2013). Types of Sampling, 1. Retrieved fromhttp://www.psyking.net/HTMLobj-3829/Types_of_Sampling.pdf
NationalScience Foundation. (2012). AN OVERVIEW OF QUANTITATIVE ANDQUALITATIVE DATA COLLECTION METHODS, 49. Retrieved fromhttps://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2002/nsf02057/nsf02057_4.pdf