Scientific Methods in Research



ScientificMethods in Research

Scientific studies always have a definitive model of their structurethat gives them a uniform approach on how to conduct such research.However, not all the researchers follow this approved method, butvarious similarities are visible in their structures too. To assessthe steps in a scientific study, the paper will use an article fromthe East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. This article assesses thepsychological symptoms in parents whose children refuse school whiledetermining the familial risk factors involved. The key scientificsteps in the article include drawing research questions, doing abackground research, formulation of a hypothesis, conducting the testexperiment, data analysis, and reporting the findings.


The articlesummarizes the link between the children who refuse to attend schooland the psychological risk factors in their family. Most of thechildren who refuse school are found to have a number of disorderswith anxiety disorders being the most prevalent. The study finds thatthere are a number of factors that triggers these disorders includingtheir environment, parents or school. The study experiments with anumber of parents whose children have refused and those whosechildren are still in school. An analysis of the results reveals thatthere is a high likelihood of parents whose children refuse school tohave anxiety disorders.

ScientificMethods in the Article

The first stepbefore a scientific study is formulated involves looking at some ofthe research issues that it will answer. These queries will help toidentify the main topic of study and will involve the area ofinterest of the researchers. In the article, the main topic ofinterest was school refusal which led to some questions that promptedthe study. These include

1. Why dochildren refuse school?

2. What are someof the influencing factors?

3. When does thisoccur?

4. What is therole of the parent among others?

The next step inthe article is analyzing the available information on the matter. Theintroduction part in the article covers the background research whereinformation regarding the topic is analyzed. It explores otherstudies on the subject and reveals informational gaps that the studycan address. The article then formulates its hypothesis, which is aknowledgeable opinion about how the research will most likely turnout based on the previous literature on the topic. It should bereadily measurable and be in a position to answer the originalquestion (Yin, 2013). In the article, the hypothesis is that thereare psychological symptoms in parents whose children refuse to attendschool.

Christensen,Johnson, &amp Turner (2011) assert that it is prudent for theresearcher to design a feasible experiment that other people canreplicate if they plan to carry out a similar research. In thearticle, the study uses 55 voluntary participants whose children arediagnosed with school refusal and another 56 pairs of parents whosechildren do not have this issue. Some instruments are used such asthe Symptom Checklist–90 and Beck Depression Inventory. A finalreport may be made to prepare the findings of the research and torelease it to the public. The article uses the Statistical Packagefor the Social Sciences to come up with the results of their studyand prove their initial hypothesis to be correct. The conclusion inthe study was that parents are a risk factor in passing disorders totheir children who may eventually be unable to attend school.


Most scientificstudies follow the above structure to deduce the findings on theirtopics. Those without such a structure will often have similaraspects of it. The steps offer a systematic way to formulate andanalyze a research question.


Bahali, K., Tahiroglu, A. Y., Avci, A., &amp Seydaoglu, G. (2011).Parental psychological symptoms and familial risk factors of childrenand adolescents who exhibit school refusal. East Asian Archives ofPsychiatry, 21(4), 164.

Christensen, L. B., Johnson, B., &amp Turner, L. A. (2011). Researchmethods, design, and analysis1-539. Allyn &amp Bacon.

Yin, R. (2013). Case study research: Design and methods. Sagepublications.