SEARCHING FOR LOVE OR LOOKING FOR SEX SEXUAL AND EMOTIONAL ASPECT OF A SEX ADDICT AND A LOVE ADDICT

RESEARCH PROPOSAL 1

SEARCHING FOR LOVE OR LOOKING FOR SEX: SEXUAL AND EMOTIONAL ASPECT OFA SEX ADDICT AND A LOVE ADDICT

Dissertation

Faculty

Searching for Love or Looking for Sex: Sexual and Emotional Aspect ofa Sex Addict and a Love Addict

Tableof Contents

Executive Summary 4

Introduction 5

Current Situation 5

The Problem 6

Background of the Problem 6

Statement of the Problem 8

Aims and Objectives of the Study 9

Research Questions and Hypothesis 9

Significance of the Study 10

Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations of the Study 10

LITERATURE REVIEW 11

Introduction 11

Research Description 11

Theoretical Framework 11

Review of the Research 11

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 13

Introduction 13

Research Design 13

Qualitative Data 13

Research Questions 13

Settings 14

Participants 14

Data analysis 15

Quantitative Data 16

Research Questions 16

Population and Sample 16

Instrumentation 17

Data collection 17

Data analysis 18

Ethical Considerations 18

References 20

Appendix 22

Executive Summary

Searching for love or perhaps, love is considered as a psychologicalstate by many psychologists. Ahmadi et al. (2013), maintains thatmature love is one of the basic psychological need and that itsabsence leads to a mental deficit. Mature love or sex entailsfundamental elements that include needing, giving, companionship, andromance. In this case, this type of love provides a developmentenvironment mutual may feel prompted to search for their soul mates.However, searching for sex or looking for love have become a commonproblem for many men and women today.Love or sex addict are possibly the formation that originates fromthe childhood social attachment from caregivers. Not enough researchhas been spoken on this subject other than a few people like PatrickCarnes who is known as the pioneer in this field for love addicts orsex addicts.

This research proposal seeks investigate and examine the factors thatmight have lead one to become a sex or love addict. Moreover, thestudy will capture a population of age between 18 and 60 and whobelieve that they have a sexual addiction orlove addiction problem.in doing so the study will outline themethod for reviewing literature, the methodology applicable and themeans of data analysis. Further, the manner in which the researchwill be done is highlighted in the research plan.

IntroductionCurrent Situation

Heretofore, addiction is perhaps one of the compound terms that applyto a morbid form characterized by substance abuse, object, orbehavior. According to Giuseppe (2013), the term defines adysfunctional mental, psychological state that conditioned by afeeling of uncontrollable desire and the need to be repeated in acompulsive manner. Otherwise, as noted by Shekarey et al. (2011),addiction is an invasive condition commemorated by the phenomena ofcraving in a way of unmanageable habit that results in clinicallysignificant distress. Sexual addiction or Love Addiction is adissociative mechanism to regulate non-modulated emotions thatpossibly did happen in the early relationships with primarycaregivers. Sex Addictions or Love Addictions has been aproblem that affects individuals, who struggle with theiremotions in pursuit of sexual or love desires. In the modern society,there is an increasing need for the students, colleges and othercounseling professional for learning programs that could beimplemented to the issue of sexual behaviors and their impacts ontheir relationships. Sexual behaviors, in general, integratethe actions and behaviors that are usual among individuals sexuallyactive and want to satisfy their sexual desires. In this case, whenthe desires are not completed, problems that range from clinical,social, and psychological tend to occur.

Sexual and emotional aspects of a sex addict or love addict have beena problem affecting many individual across the world. According tothe recent research conducted by Guiseppe (2013), sex and loveemotions when neglected can lead to the structuring of unnamableemotions that triggered stressful condition, mental hyperactivity,and pain that cannot be explained and may cause the individual to acton these impulsive behaviors. Sex addiction or love addiction affectsyoung men and women of all ages. Some of the problem they faceincludes masturbation or early porn use that is common among allpeople and three-quarter of women (Shekarey et al., 2011).

The Problem

Sexualor love addictions emotional mindset at the early stage of life is asignificant aspect when it comes to personality and behavior growthin adulthood. These skills are named by the relationship between thecaregiver and the individual, and it plays a vital role inpsychological characteristics of a person. Individualsearching for sex or looking forlove has been an existing problem regardless of the development andthe advent of scientific research that assist in reducingemotional problems. With the current few survey in the context ofpsychological health about those individual with sexual anomalies,this study will investigate men and women of ages between 18-60 yearswho believe that they have a sexual addiction or and love addictionproblem in their lives. Also, sexual or love addiction are among theleast discussed topics and probably the least understood of all theaddictions. Lack of enough literature and understanding of love orsex addiction originates from the society’s unwillingness to takean honest and look at the sexual concept.

The problem is that: To investigate men and women who are sexualaddicts or love addicts. The study will, therefore, focus on theemotions of sex addicts or love addicts as an emotional aspect oflove and sex addictions. Besides, the research shallincorporate factors that might cause sex or love addiction andeffects that are associated with this problem.

Background of the Problem

Searchingfor love or perhaps, love is considered as a psychological state bymany psychologists. Ahmadi et al. (2013), maintains that mature loveis one of the basic psychological need and that its absence leads toa mental deficit. Mature love or sex entails fundamental elementsthat include needing, giving, companionship, and romance. In thiscase, this type of love provides a development environment mutual mayfeel prompted to search for their soul mates. However, searching forsex or looking for love has become a common problem for manymen and women today. Love or sex addict are possibly theformation that originates from the childhood social attachment fromcaregivers. Not enough research has been spoken on this subject otherthan a few people like Patrick Carnes who is known as the pioneer inthis field for love addicts or sex addicts.Bowlby theory suggests that human beings are given birth witha psychological system known as behavior. The practice is rooted infeeling or emotions, which are the multifaceted phenomenon that liesat an intersection between mind and body. Ahmadi et al. (2013),emotion is a complex state of feeling that incorporates consciousexperience, internal and explicit responses, and the power to promptthe body for action.

Love or sex addicts are those individual who participate inpersistent and escalating patterns of sexual behavior acted outnotwithstanding the increasing adverse outcomes to the individual andothers. These individual become addicted to the neurochemicalalterations that happen in their body during sexual conduct. Ingeneral, being addicted to love or sex is one is seen as beinginferior or defective as noted by Ward (2015). In this case, addictedperson is considered weak or lazy in the sense that searching forlove or looking for sex becomes their problem in their entire life.These individuals, in the end, are subjected to different forms ofsexual addiction that include masturbation, habitual voyeurism, sexwith prostitutes, anonymous sex with multiple partners, sex out ofcommitted marriages, inappropriate sexual touching, habitualexhibitionism, and episodes of rape. Overall, all these forms ofsexual addictions are harmful to the addict and the spouses or lovedones.

Sexual or love addiction is rooted up as from early childhood toadolescent. Many of the studies have identified the effect of sex orlove addiction among youths and college students. According to Hall(2006), sexual or love addiction is a real problem in the sense thatit compels the victims to seek out and participate in the sexualbehavior despite the problems it may cause to their lives. Thedifferent between a sex addict and addict: is that sex or love addictshow behaviors that may come to be felt out of control. A significantnumber of men and women have been exposed to love or sexualaddiction. Separately, in spite of the increased awareness of thesexual or love addiction, many therapist and psychologists experiencediscomfort or lack of knowledge dealing with the clients ofsexual addictions. Since the advent of the concept, much criticismhas popped in however, several authors have expressed concerns aboutthe use of the term sexual or love addiction. Conversely, severalfactors exist that might have compelled men and women towardsbecoming sex or love addicts.

The study will, therefore, aimed at investigating and examiningfactor that might have lead one to become a sex or love addict.Moreover, the study will capture a population of age between 18 and60 and who believe that they have a sexual addiction orlove addiction problem.

Statement of the Problem

Regardless of the contemporary innovations, discoveries, andachievement, humanity social and emotional problems still standoutwith particular starkness, and one of these questions in the sex orlove addict of the emotional or sexual behavior aspect. By theconcept of addiction, psychological and emotional factors areintegrally connected to this idea. Based on the observation of anindividual with compulsive sexual behavior, addiction is a disorderinvolves loss of ability to choose freely whether to stop or continuewith the behavior that leads to the experience of behavior relatedadverse consequences (Sussman et al., 2011). Moreover, research hasbeen conducted on the harmful effects of love or sexual addictionamong individuals.

Other studies have examined factors that may have led to sexualaddiction. However, no such studies have investigated theseparticular individual on the effects and outcomes of love addict orlove addiction as emotional and sexual aspects. These problemsinclude shame (which are emotions that result from beliefs),isolation, and loneliness. With recent research showing that men aremore oriented towards sexual acts and women are more oriented towardslove or the emotional aspects of sex, this study will investigatesearching for love or looking for sex among womenand men who are victims of the sexual or emotional aspect oflove or sex addiction. In addition, various studies have the tendencytowards sexually driven behavior to men compared to their opponents.Nevertheless, it is not clear if this trend towards sexual behavioris the general feature identifying males and females. Therefore, theresearch will tend to examine the actual current state of sexualaddiction or love addiction among men and women and the clinical andpsychological effect they are facing.

Aims and Objectives of theStudy

Theprimary objective of this research is to examine emotional aspect ofa love addict or sex addict.

Research Questions andHypothesis

Toaccomplish the aim and objective of the research, the followingquestions will be answered in the study:

  1. What is the emotional aspect of love addict?

  2. What is the emotional aspect of sex addict?

  3. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a sex addict?

  4. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a love addict?

  5. What factors lead to sex or love addiction?

  6. To what extent are the effects associated with this problem?

Significance of the Study

The studies will particularly help in finding out the effects andoutcomes of love addict or love addiction as emotional and sexualaspects. Through the studies, some of the problems will beestablished which include shame (which are emotions that result frombeliefs), isolation, and loneliness.

Through this research understanding into the actual current state ofsexual addiction or love addiction among men and women and theclinical and psychological effect they are facing. Therefore, thisresearch will be significant to clinicians and students ofpsychology, as it will help them in understanding some of thecritical aspects that concern sex or love addictions and theemotional and sexual aspects.

Assumptions, Limitations, andDelimitations of the Study

The study will also define the limitations and boundary through whichit will operate. The study will confine itself to investigating menand women who are sexual addicts or love addicts. The study will,therefore, focus on the emotions of sex addicts or love addicts as anemotional aspect of love and sex addictions. Besides, the researchshall incorporate factors that mightcause sex or love addiction and effects that are associated with thisproblem. This area is often wide and one can end up confusing the twoaspects. Therefore, the study will not attempt to cover anything thatis not included within its scope.

LITERATURE REVIEWIntroduction

Thissection describes the manner in which the literature will bereviewed. Both theoretical and empirical methods of literaturereviews will be done.

Research Description

Inthis research, systematic reviews will be employed. Systematicreviews will include the various methods that are used in collectionand critical analysis of texts on certain defined topic of study.Often, the use of systematic reviews appears to define in the fieldof health sciences as compared to the other disciplines.

Therefore,it is important that in the research, there is employment oftechnical guidance. While reviewing the literature certain definedprocedure was adopted and include selection of the topic, literaturesearch, writing the review, coming up with the main study section orthe body of the research. The process also entailed verification ofthe literature as well as testing whether the study is applicable inthe area of study.

Theoretical Framework

Thetheoretical framework upon which the study will be based will rely onSalience Theory and Life Course Theory. This study will adopt thePragmatics,attraction, communication, and expectation (PACE)&nbspmodel to help explain the addiction.

Review of the Research

While doing the research, the study will employ both empirical andtheoretical methods in handling the literature review. First, some ofthe areas under consideration will include investigating men andwomen who are sexual addicts or love addicts. Further, the study willfocus on the emotions of sex addicts or love addicts as an emotionalaspect of love and sex addictions. In the literature review section,the research shall incorporate factorsthat might cause sex or love addiction and effects that areassociated with this problem.

RESEARCH DESIGN ANDMETHODOLOGYIntroduction

Thischapter clearly depicts the approach taken in actualizing thisparticular study. Some of the topics that will be covered in thissection will include research design, population under study, sampleand sampling techniques, procedures to collect and analyze data. Theprevious chapter reviewed related literature and examined emotionalaspect of a love addict or sex addict. It also describes the way theactual study will be conducted besides elaborating how the data willbe collected and prepared for analysis. Firstly, the researcherprovides an elaboration on how the data analysis will be anticipated.This section will also discuss specific sampling issues, datacollection, reliability, and validity of the research methods used indata analysis for this research. Notably, the research ethicsapplicable in the study will also be noted.

Research Design

Thisstudy will make use of the mixed approach is expounding on theemotional aspect of a love addict or sex addict. Mixed methods isdefined as an approach that collection of two types of data, that is,quantitative and qualitative. When collecting the quantitative data,the researcher will use the logistic regression to help find out thecorrelation among the factors that cause

Qualitative Data

Qualitativedata shall be collected through interviews that mainly will besemi-structured in nature.

Research Questions

  1. What is the emotional aspect of love addict?

  2. What is the emotional aspect of sex addict?

  3. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a sex addict?

  4. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a love addict?

SettingsParticipants

Theparticipants in this study will be 100 with an aim of getting 50males and 50 females for the study

Datacollection

Inthis research, interviews will be employed. The sampling method thatwill be applied while doing the interview is the snowball method. Theresearch that will be done will target individuals at different leveland special attention will be given to gender aspect of the study.Given that the study mainly concentrates on investigating men andwomen who are sexual addicts or love addicts. The study will,therefore, focus on the emotions of sex addicts or love addicts as anemotional aspect of love and sex addictions. Besides, the researchshall incorporate factors that mightcause sex or love addiction and effects that are associated with thisproblem. This then means that the study will just concentrate on themen and women hence the study will employ convenience sampling. Thismeans that the target will be individuals, men and women who arereadily available. The individuals who will take part in the studywill mainly be reached through emails and all the interviews will bedone in boardrooms.

Theuse of snowball sampling is expected mainly after doing the firstinterview, as other interviewees will suggest names of individualswho they know can meet the study criterion. Usually, snowballsampling is highly preferred as it helps in getting more participantson board. Upon getting the first participant, the rest can easily bebrought on board through the first contact. There is an aspect lackof representation, which will have to be checked when doing theconvenience sampling. The researcher will have to get individualsfrom different backgrounds, as that will help in getting diverseviews.

Havingthe individuals who have undergone the challenge or been addicted fora long time is best thing for the organization as it ensured thatthey come with diverse perceptions that would help build a holisticunderstanding and increase the complexity of the discussion. Locatingthe right participants for this study took some considerable amountof time given that most of the organizations experience employeeturnover so frequent. Locating the participants was not easy as theschedule of working was a bit tight for most of the targetedindividuals. The interviewees are from different departments and areat different levels hence increasing the validity of therepresentation. When doing the interviews, it is estimated that theprocess will take approximately 15 minutes and have all theinterviews recorded for each person within the stated time. Theinterviews will then be transcribed to ensure that there is ease ofcontent analysis. Having this will help in minimizing the limits ofmemory. Additionally, the process also entailed transcription, whichhelps in identifying the emerging themes. Upon doing the first twointerviews, it is expected that there will be changes made. Thechanges made will involve asking questions that are more direct andprobing of more questions in the other interviews to help get fullinsight and understanding of the matters at hand.

Data analysis

Analysisof qualitative data is done to complement the quantitative data thatis collected. While doing the analysis, the process will entailthematic analysis of both the verbal and text narratives that aregiven by the respondents. The process will happen in a manual way aswill be described in the text and analysis.

Quantitative Data

Thequantitative data shall be collected using questionnaires that shallbe administered to 100 respondents. Questionnaires will beadministered on individual basis and the process is expected to takeapproximately 15 minutes for one person. The administration of thequestionnaire will be carried out with the help of researchassistants.

Research Questions

Themain research question that will be answered by the quantitative datacollected is:

“Whatfactors lead to sex or love addiction?”

“Towhat extent are the effects associated with this problem?”

Population and Sample

According to Hair et al. (2006 170), several elements with similarcharacteristics constitute a population. As such, in the course ofresearch, one cannot use the entire population but relies on samplesfrom the group. However, it is necessary to ensure that the samplehas similar characteristics to the study population. It is only underthese circumstances that it will be possible to generalize theresearch findings in the sample to the entire population under study(Sarantakos, 1998). Another element of a population was given byManoj (2006), who noted that any item, which is the basis of theresearch, is the population. As such, this can be used to refer to anevent or a particular group of people. Similarly, Mugenda (2003)states observable characteristics are an important feature of anypopulation. Any research is therefore based around a particularpredetermined population. The research population for this study willbe 100 participants. The individuals are expected to be both men andwomen.

The research will use simple random sampling. The concept of samplinginvolves taking a fraction of the population, making observations in,this smaller group and followed by generalizing from the findings tothe larger population (Yin, 2013, p.42). The study will adopt simplerandom sampling approach to select the key respondents from thetarget population. The method suits this study because every unit inthe target population (management and employees) has an equal chanceof being chosen to constitute the representative sample. Simplerandom sampling bears the least bias and provides the mostgeneralization.

Instrumentation

Inthe study, two instruments will be used in collection of data. Theseinstruments include interviews and questionnaire.

Data collection

The current research will use questionnaire method to collect data.The study will gather primary data only, which will involvefirst-hand information from the study participants. Primary data willbe gathered using a semi-structured questionnaire. The questionnairewill be divided into four parts part one will contain the aspect ofthe bio data of the respondents. Part 2 of the questionnaire willoutline questions that will be used to investigate men and women whoare sexual addicts or love addicts. In the part 3 of questionnaire,the study will mainly focus on the emotions of sex addicts or loveaddicts as an emotional aspect of love and sex addictions. In section4 of the questionnaire, the study will largely entail factors thatmight cause sex or love addiction and effects that are associatedwith this problem. This section will be focused on collection ofquantitative data.

Data analysis

Thequantitative data that will be collected will be analyzed using theStatistical Program for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 21). Thedata that will be put in the SPSS will reflect some of the primaryvariables in the study, which include independent, and dependentvariables. While analyzing the data collected, both descriptiveapproach and inferential approach shall be applied to help inrevelation of frequencies and provision of logistic model for therelationship among the variables respectively. Through theapplication of the model, it will be easy to predict the chances ofsome of the variables happening and the relationship between thevariables will be easy. Analysis of the qualitative data collectedwill be done as a way of complementing the quantitative data.

Ethical Considerations

In the course of the survey, it is important toprotect all the research participants involved. As such, some of theelements that should be integrated into the research includeobjectivity, integrity and confidentiality. Cohen et al. (2004 47)stated that proper research should be conducted ethically. Forpurposes of this research, a permit will be obtained from HIPPA. Iwill also seek permission from www.AMHCA.org for our ethicalguideline or HHRI for instance where the study focuses on mentalhealth and human rights violations. To ensure that the variouslocations planned for the study were prepared, they were given anotice fourteen days before the actual visit. These were part of theethical clearing processes outlined by the University in addition todesigning the research instruments and negotiating for consent.

Variousphilosophers such as Immanuel Kant formed the foundation for ethics.According to him, people are expected to behave in a particularmanner that is right to everyone affected by the action. Similarly,Saunders (2009) mentioned that informed consent is critical in anyventure. In this regard, all the individuals (men and women) wereaware of the research and the underlying reasons behind it. With thisinformation, they could then make a choice, on whether to accept ordecline to be part of the research. To ensure that all the standardswere met, the project supervisor reviewed and cleared the relateddocuments. Considering the nature of this research, there was adirect interaction between the researcher and the participants.

References

Ahmadi, K., &ampSaghafi, A. (2013). Psychosocial profile of Iranian adolescents`Internet addiction.&nbspCyberpsychology,Behavior, and Social Networking,&nbsp16(7),543-548.

Cohen, L.,Manion, L., Morrison, K., &amp Morrison, K. R. B. (2007). Contentanalysis and grounded theory.&nbspResearchmethods in education,475-495.

Hair, J. F.,Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., &amp Anderson, R. E. (2010).Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective.&nbspUpperSaddle River.

Hair, J. F.,Black, W. C., BABIN, B. Y. A., Anderson, R., &amp Tatham, R. (2010).RE [2010]: Multivariate Data Analysis. A Global Perspective.&nbsped:Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hall, S., &ampWhannel, P. (2006). The young audience.&nbspCulturaltheory and popular culture: A reader,45-51.

Levine, S. B.(2010). What is sexual addiction?.&nbspJournalof sex &amp marital therapy,&nbsp36(3),261-275.

Marshall, L.E., &amp Marshall, W. L. (2006). Sexual addiction in incarceratedsexual offenders.&nbspSexualAddiction &amp Compulsivity,&nbsp13(4),377-390.

Mugenda, O.&ampMugenda AG (2003). Research methods: Quantitative andQualitative Approaches.&nbspNairobi:ACTS.

Rosenberg, K.P., Carnes, P., &amp O`Connor, S. (2012). Evaluation and treatmentof sex addiction.&nbspJournalof sex &amp marital therapy.

Saunders, M.N. (2011).&nbspResearchmethods for business students, 5/e.Pearson Education India.

Saunders, M.N. (2012). Choosing research participants.&nbspQualitativeorganizational research: Core methods and current challenges,35-52.

Ward, J.(2015).&nbspNotgay: Sex between straight white men.NYU Press.

Ward, T.,Hudson, S. M., Johnston, L., &amp Marshall, W. L. (1997). Cognitivedistortions in sex offenders: An integrative review.&nbspClinicalpsychology review,&nbsp17(5),479-507.

Zarbakhsh,M., Dinani, P. T., &amp Rahmani, M. (2013). The relationship betweensexual self-esteem and all its components with marital satisfactionin athletic women of Tehran.&nbspEuropeanOnline Journal of Natural and Social Sciences,&nbsp2(2),200.

Appendix

Project Plan

TASK

WK2

WK4

WK6

WK8

WK10

WK12

WK14

Developing Research Topic

Literature Review

Drafting Research Questions

Research Methodology

Description of the research process

Data Collection

Data Analysis

Completion of Final Research (Capstone) Thesis

SEARCHING FOR LOVE OR LOOKING FOR SEX SEXUAL AND EMOTIONAL ASPECT OF A SEX ADDICT AND A LOVE ADDICT

RESEARCH PROPOSAL 1

SEARCHING FOR LOVE OR LOOKING FOR SEX: SEXUAL AND EMOTIONAL ASPECT OFA SEX ADDICT AND A LOVE ADDICT

Dissertation

Faculty

Searching for Love or Looking for Sex: Sexual and Emotional Aspect ofa Sex Addict and a Love Addict

Tableof Contents

Executive Summary 4

Introduction 5

Current Situation 5

The Problem 6

Background of the Problem 6

Statement of the Problem 8

Aims and Objectives of the Study 9

Research Questions and Hypothesis 9

Significance of the Study 10

Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations of the Study 10

LITERATURE REVIEW 11

Introduction 11

Research Description 11

Theoretical Framework 11

Review of the Research 11

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 13

Introduction 13

Research Design 13

Qualitative Data 13

Research Questions 13

Settings 14

Participants 14

Data analysis 15

Quantitative Data 16

Research Questions 16

Population and Sample 16

Instrumentation 17

Data collection 17

Data analysis 18

Ethical Considerations 18

References 20

Appendix 22

Executive Summary

Searching for love or perhaps, love is considered as a psychologicalstate by many psychologists. Ahmadi et al. (2013), maintains thatmature love is one of the basic psychological need and that itsabsence leads to a mental deficit. Mature love or sex entailsfundamental elements that include needing, giving, companionship, andromance. In this case, this type of love provides a developmentenvironment mutual may feel prompted to search for their soul mates.However, searching for sex or looking for love have become a commonproblem for many men and women today.Love or sex addict are possibly the formation that originates fromthe childhood social attachment from caregivers. Not enough researchhas been spoken on this subject other than a few people like PatrickCarnes who is known as the pioneer in this field for love addicts orsex addicts.

This research proposal seeks investigate and examine the factors thatmight have lead one to become a sex or love addict. Moreover, thestudy will capture a population of age between 18 and 60 and whobelieve that they have a sexual addiction orlove addiction problem.in doing so the study will outline themethod for reviewing literature, the methodology applicable and themeans of data analysis. Further, the manner in which the researchwill be done is highlighted in the research plan.

IntroductionCurrent Situation

Heretofore, addiction is perhaps one of the compound terms that applyto a morbid form characterized by substance abuse, object, orbehavior. According to Giuseppe (2013), the term defines adysfunctional mental, psychological state that conditioned by afeeling of uncontrollable desire and the need to be repeated in acompulsive manner. Otherwise, as noted by Shekarey et al. (2011),addiction is an invasive condition commemorated by the phenomena ofcraving in a way of unmanageable habit that results in clinicallysignificant distress. Sexual addiction or Love Addiction is adissociative mechanism to regulate non-modulated emotions thatpossibly did happen in the early relationships with primarycaregivers. Sex Addictions or Love Addictions has been aproblem that affects individuals, who struggle with theiremotions in pursuit of sexual or love desires. In the modern society,there is an increasing need for the students, colleges and othercounseling professional for learning programs that could beimplemented to the issue of sexual behaviors and their impacts ontheir relationships. Sexual behaviors, in general, integratethe actions and behaviors that are usual among individuals sexuallyactive and want to satisfy their sexual desires. In this case, whenthe desires are not completed, problems that range from clinical,social, and psychological tend to occur.

Sexual and emotional aspects of a sex addict or love addict have beena problem affecting many individual across the world. According tothe recent research conducted by Guiseppe (2013), sex and loveemotions when neglected can lead to the structuring of unnamableemotions that triggered stressful condition, mental hyperactivity,and pain that cannot be explained and may cause the individual to acton these impulsive behaviors. Sex addiction or love addiction affectsyoung men and women of all ages. Some of the problem they faceincludes masturbation or early porn use that is common among allpeople and three-quarter of women (Shekarey et al., 2011).

The Problem

Sexualor love addictions emotional mindset at the early stage of life is asignificant aspect when it comes to personality and behavior growthin adulthood. These skills are named by the relationship between thecaregiver and the individual, and it plays a vital role inpsychological characteristics of a person. Individualsearching for sex or looking forlove has been an existing problem regardless of the development andthe advent of scientific research that assist in reducingemotional problems. With the current few survey in the context ofpsychological health about those individual with sexual anomalies,this study will investigate men and women of ages between 18-60 yearswho believe that they have a sexual addiction or and love addictionproblem in their lives. Also, sexual or love addiction are among theleast discussed topics and probably the least understood of all theaddictions. Lack of enough literature and understanding of love orsex addiction originates from the society’s unwillingness to takean honest and look at the sexual concept.

The problem is that: To investigate men and women who are sexualaddicts or love addicts. The study will, therefore, focus on theemotions of sex addicts or love addicts as an emotional aspect oflove and sex addictions. Besides, the research shallincorporate factors that might cause sex or love addiction andeffects that are associated with this problem.

Background of the Problem

Searchingfor love or perhaps, love is considered as a psychological state bymany psychologists. Ahmadi et al. (2013), maintains that mature loveis one of the basic psychological need and that its absence leads toa mental deficit. Mature love or sex entails fundamental elementsthat include needing, giving, companionship, and romance. In thiscase, this type of love provides a development environment mutual mayfeel prompted to search for their soul mates. However, searching forsex or looking for love has become a common problem for manymen and women today. Love or sex addict are possibly theformation that originates from the childhood social attachment fromcaregivers. Not enough research has been spoken on this subject otherthan a few people like Patrick Carnes who is known as the pioneer inthis field for love addicts or sex addicts.Bowlby theory suggests that human beings are given birth witha psychological system known as behavior. The practice is rooted infeeling or emotions, which are the multifaceted phenomenon that liesat an intersection between mind and body. Ahmadi et al. (2013),emotion is a complex state of feeling that incorporates consciousexperience, internal and explicit responses, and the power to promptthe body for action.

Love or sex addicts are those individual who participate inpersistent and escalating patterns of sexual behavior acted outnotwithstanding the increasing adverse outcomes to the individual andothers. These individual become addicted to the neurochemicalalterations that happen in their body during sexual conduct. Ingeneral, being addicted to love or sex is one is seen as beinginferior or defective as noted by Ward (2015). In this case, addictedperson is considered weak or lazy in the sense that searching forlove or looking for sex becomes their problem in their entire life.These individuals, in the end, are subjected to different forms ofsexual addiction that include masturbation, habitual voyeurism, sexwith prostitutes, anonymous sex with multiple partners, sex out ofcommitted marriages, inappropriate sexual touching, habitualexhibitionism, and episodes of rape. Overall, all these forms ofsexual addictions are harmful to the addict and the spouses or lovedones.

Sexual or love addiction is rooted up as from early childhood toadolescent. Many of the studies have identified the effect of sex orlove addiction among youths and college students. According to Hall(2006), sexual or love addiction is a real problem in the sense thatit compels the victims to seek out and participate in the sexualbehavior despite the problems it may cause to their lives. Thedifferent between a sex addict and addict: is that sex or love addictshow behaviors that may come to be felt out of control. A significantnumber of men and women have been exposed to love or sexualaddiction. Separately, in spite of the increased awareness of thesexual or love addiction, many therapist and psychologists experiencediscomfort or lack of knowledge dealing with the clients ofsexual addictions. Since the advent of the concept, much criticismhas popped in however, several authors have expressed concerns aboutthe use of the term sexual or love addiction. Conversely, severalfactors exist that might have compelled men and women towardsbecoming sex or love addicts.

The study will, therefore, aimed at investigating and examiningfactor that might have lead one to become a sex or love addict.Moreover, the study will capture a population of age between 18 and60 and who believe that they have a sexual addiction orlove addiction problem.

Statement of the Problem

Regardless of the contemporary innovations, discoveries, andachievement, humanity social and emotional problems still standoutwith particular starkness, and one of these questions in the sex orlove addict of the emotional or sexual behavior aspect. By theconcept of addiction, psychological and emotional factors areintegrally connected to this idea. Based on the observation of anindividual with compulsive sexual behavior, addiction is a disorderinvolves loss of ability to choose freely whether to stop or continuewith the behavior that leads to the experience of behavior relatedadverse consequences (Sussman et al., 2011). Moreover, research hasbeen conducted on the harmful effects of love or sexual addictionamong individuals.

Other studies have examined factors that may have led to sexualaddiction. However, no such studies have investigated theseparticular individual on the effects and outcomes of love addict orlove addiction as emotional and sexual aspects. These problemsinclude shame (which are emotions that result from beliefs),isolation, and loneliness. With recent research showing that men aremore oriented towards sexual acts and women are more oriented towardslove or the emotional aspects of sex, this study will investigatesearching for love or looking for sex among womenand men who are victims of the sexual or emotional aspect oflove or sex addiction. In addition, various studies have the tendencytowards sexually driven behavior to men compared to their opponents.Nevertheless, it is not clear if this trend towards sexual behavioris the general feature identifying males and females. Therefore, theresearch will tend to examine the actual current state of sexualaddiction or love addiction among men and women and the clinical andpsychological effect they are facing.

Aims and Objectives of theStudy

Theprimary objective of this research is to examine emotional aspect ofa love addict or sex addict.

Research Questions andHypothesis

Toaccomplish the aim and objective of the research, the followingquestions will be answered in the study:

  1. What is the emotional aspect of love addict?

  2. What is the emotional aspect of sex addict?

  3. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a sex addict?

  4. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a love addict?

  5. What factors lead to sex or love addiction?

  6. To what extent are the effects associated with this problem?

Significance of the Study

The studies will particularly help in finding out the effects andoutcomes of love addict or love addiction as emotional and sexualaspects. Through the studies, some of the problems will beestablished which include shame (which are emotions that result frombeliefs), isolation, and loneliness.

Through this research understanding into the actual current state ofsexual addiction or love addiction among men and women and theclinical and psychological effect they are facing. Therefore, thisresearch will be significant to clinicians and students ofpsychology, as it will help them in understanding some of thecritical aspects that concern sex or love addictions and theemotional and sexual aspects.

Assumptions, Limitations, andDelimitations of the Study

The study will also define the limitations and boundary through whichit will operate. The study will confine itself to investigating menand women who are sexual addicts or love addicts. The study will,therefore, focus on the emotions of sex addicts or love addicts as anemotional aspect of love and sex addictions. Besides, the researchshall incorporate factors that mightcause sex or love addiction and effects that are associated with thisproblem. This area is often wide and one can end up confusing the twoaspects. Therefore, the study will not attempt to cover anything thatis not included within its scope.

LITERATURE REVIEWIntroduction

Thissection describes the manner in which the literature will bereviewed. Both theoretical and empirical methods of literaturereviews will be done.

Research Description

Inthis research, systematic reviews will be employed. Systematicreviews will include the various methods that are used in collectionand critical analysis of texts on certain defined topic of study.Often, the use of systematic reviews appears to define in the fieldof health sciences as compared to the other disciplines.

Therefore,it is important that in the research, there is employment oftechnical guidance. While reviewing the literature certain definedprocedure was adopted and include selection of the topic, literaturesearch, writing the review, coming up with the main study section orthe body of the research. The process also entailed verification ofthe literature as well as testing whether the study is applicable inthe area of study.

Theoretical Framework

Thetheoretical framework upon which the study will be based will rely onSalience Theory and Life Course Theory. This study will adopt thePragmatics,attraction, communication, and expectation (PACE)&nbspmodel to help explain the addiction.

Review of the Research

While doing the research, the study will employ both empirical andtheoretical methods in handling the literature review. First, some ofthe areas under consideration will include investigating men andwomen who are sexual addicts or love addicts. Further, the study willfocus on the emotions of sex addicts or love addicts as an emotionalaspect of love and sex addictions. In the literature review section,the research shall incorporate factorsthat might cause sex or love addiction and effects that areassociated with this problem.

RESEARCH DESIGN ANDMETHODOLOGYIntroduction

Thischapter clearly depicts the approach taken in actualizing thisparticular study. Some of the topics that will be covered in thissection will include research design, population under study, sampleand sampling techniques, procedures to collect and analyze data. Theprevious chapter reviewed related literature and examined emotionalaspect of a love addict or sex addict. It also describes the way theactual study will be conducted besides elaborating how the data willbe collected and prepared for analysis. Firstly, the researcherprovides an elaboration on how the data analysis will be anticipated.This section will also discuss specific sampling issues, datacollection, reliability, and validity of the research methods used indata analysis for this research. Notably, the research ethicsapplicable in the study will also be noted.

Research Design

Thisstudy will make use of the mixed approach is expounding on theemotional aspect of a love addict or sex addict. Mixed methods isdefined as an approach that collection of two types of data, that is,quantitative and qualitative. When collecting the quantitative data,the researcher will use the logistic regression to help find out thecorrelation among the factors that cause

Qualitative Data

Qualitativedata shall be collected through interviews that mainly will besemi-structured in nature.

Research Questions

  1. What is the emotional aspect of love addict?

  2. What is the emotional aspect of sex addict?

  3. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a sex addict?

  4. What are the sexual and emotional aspects of a love addict?

SettingsParticipants

Theparticipants in this study will be 100 with an aim of getting 50males and 50 females for the study

Datacollection

Inthis research, interviews will be employed. The sampling method thatwill be applied while doing the interview is the snowball method. Theresearch that will be done will target individuals at different leveland special attention will be given to gender aspect of the study.Given that the study mainly concentrates on investigating men andwomen who are sexual addicts or love addicts. The study will,therefore, focus on the emotions of sex addicts or love addicts as anemotional aspect of love and sex addictions. Besides, the researchshall incorporate factors that mightcause sex or love addiction and effects that are associated with thisproblem. This then means that the study will just concentrate on themen and women hence the study will employ convenience sampling. Thismeans that the target will be individuals, men and women who arereadily available. The individuals who will take part in the studywill mainly be reached through emails and all the interviews will bedone in boardrooms.

Theuse of snowball sampling is expected mainly after doing the firstinterview, as other interviewees will suggest names of individualswho they know can meet the study criterion. Usually, snowballsampling is highly preferred as it helps in getting more participantson board. Upon getting the first participant, the rest can easily bebrought on board through the first contact. There is an aspect lackof representation, which will have to be checked when doing theconvenience sampling. The researcher will have to get individualsfrom different backgrounds, as that will help in getting diverseviews.

Havingthe individuals who have undergone the challenge or been addicted fora long time is best thing for the organization as it ensured thatthey come with diverse perceptions that would help build a holisticunderstanding and increase the complexity of the discussion. Locatingthe right participants for this study took some considerable amountof time given that most of the organizations experience employeeturnover so frequent. Locating the participants was not easy as theschedule of working was a bit tight for most of the targetedindividuals. The interviewees are from different departments and areat different levels hence increasing the validity of therepresentation. When doing the interviews, it is estimated that theprocess will take approximately 15 minutes and have all theinterviews recorded for each person within the stated time. Theinterviews will then be transcribed to ensure that there is ease ofcontent analysis. Having this will help in minimizing the limits ofmemory. Additionally, the process also entailed transcription, whichhelps in identifying the emerging themes. Upon doing the first twointerviews, it is expected that there will be changes made. Thechanges made will involve asking questions that are more direct andprobing of more questions in the other interviews to help get fullinsight and understanding of the matters at hand.

Data analysis

Analysisof qualitative data is done to complement the quantitative data thatis collected. While doing the analysis, the process will entailthematic analysis of both the verbal and text narratives that aregiven by the respondents. The process will happen in a manual way aswill be described in the text and analysis.

Quantitative Data

Thequantitative data shall be collected using questionnaires that shallbe administered to 100 respondents. Questionnaires will beadministered on individual basis and the process is expected to takeapproximately 15 minutes for one person. The administration of thequestionnaire will be carried out with the help of researchassistants.

Research Questions

Themain research question that will be answered by the quantitative datacollected is:

“Whatfactors lead to sex or love addiction?”

“Towhat extent are the effects associated with this problem?”

Population and Sample

According to Hair et al. (2006 170), several elements with similarcharacteristics constitute a population. As such, in the course ofresearch, one cannot use the entire population but relies on samplesfrom the group. However, it is necessary to ensure that the samplehas similar characteristics to the study population. It is only underthese circumstances that it will be possible to generalize theresearch findings in the sample to the entire population under study(Sarantakos, 1998). Another element of a population was given byManoj (2006), who noted that any item, which is the basis of theresearch, is the population. As such, this can be used to refer to anevent or a particular group of people. Similarly, Mugenda (2003)states observable characteristics are an important feature of anypopulation. Any research is therefore based around a particularpredetermined population. The research population for this study willbe 100 participants. The individuals are expected to be both men andwomen.

The research will use simple random sampling. The concept of samplinginvolves taking a fraction of the population, making observations in,this smaller group and followed by generalizing from the findings tothe larger population (Yin, 2013, p.42). The study will adopt simplerandom sampling approach to select the key respondents from thetarget population. The method suits this study because every unit inthe target population (management and employees) has an equal chanceof being chosen to constitute the representative sample. Simplerandom sampling bears the least bias and provides the mostgeneralization.

Instrumentation

Inthe study, two instruments will be used in collection of data. Theseinstruments include interviews and questionnaire.

Data collection

The current research will use questionnaire method to collect data.The study will gather primary data only, which will involvefirst-hand information from the study participants. Primary data willbe gathered using a semi-structured questionnaire. The questionnairewill be divided into four parts part one will contain the aspect ofthe bio data of the respondents. Part 2 of the questionnaire willoutline questions that will be used to investigate men and women whoare sexual addicts or love addicts. In the part 3 of questionnaire,the study will mainly focus on the emotions of sex addicts or loveaddicts as an emotional aspect of love and sex addictions. In section4 of the questionnaire, the study will largely entail factors thatmight cause sex or love addiction and effects that are associatedwith this problem. This section will be focused on collection ofquantitative data.

Data analysis

Thequantitative data that will be collected will be analyzed using theStatistical Program for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 21). Thedata that will be put in the SPSS will reflect some of the primaryvariables in the study, which include independent, and dependentvariables. While analyzing the data collected, both descriptiveapproach and inferential approach shall be applied to help inrevelation of frequencies and provision of logistic model for therelationship among the variables respectively. Through theapplication of the model, it will be easy to predict the chances ofsome of the variables happening and the relationship between thevariables will be easy. Analysis of the qualitative data collectedwill be done as a way of complementing the quantitative data.

Ethical Considerations

In the course of the survey, it is important toprotect all the research participants involved. As such, some of theelements that should be integrated into the research includeobjectivity, integrity and confidentiality. Cohen et al. (2004 47)stated that proper research should be conducted ethically. Forpurposes of this research, a permit will be obtained from HIPPA. Iwill also seek permission from www.AMHCA.org for our ethicalguideline or HHRI for instance where the study focuses on mentalhealth and human rights violations. To ensure that the variouslocations planned for the study were prepared, they were given anotice fourteen days before the actual visit. These were part of theethical clearing processes outlined by the University in addition todesigning the research instruments and negotiating for consent.

Variousphilosophers such as Immanuel Kant formed the foundation for ethics.According to him, people are expected to behave in a particularmanner that is right to everyone affected by the action. Similarly,Saunders (2009) mentioned that informed consent is critical in anyventure. In this regard, all the individuals (men and women) wereaware of the research and the underlying reasons behind it. With thisinformation, they could then make a choice, on whether to accept ordecline to be part of the research. To ensure that all the standardswere met, the project supervisor reviewed and cleared the relateddocuments. Considering the nature of this research, there was adirect interaction between the researcher and the participants.

References

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Cohen, L.,Manion, L., Morrison, K., &amp Morrison, K. R. B. (2007). Contentanalysis and grounded theory.&nbspResearchmethods in education,475-495.

Hair, J. F.,Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., &amp Anderson, R. E. (2010).Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective.&nbspUpperSaddle River.

Hair, J. F.,Black, W. C., BABIN, B. Y. A., Anderson, R., &amp Tatham, R. (2010).RE [2010]: Multivariate Data Analysis. A Global Perspective.&nbsped:Pearson Prentice Hall.

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Levine, S. B.(2010). What is sexual addiction?.&nbspJournalof sex &amp marital therapy,&nbsp36(3),261-275.

Marshall, L.E., &amp Marshall, W. L. (2006). Sexual addiction in incarceratedsexual offenders.&nbspSexualAddiction &amp Compulsivity,&nbsp13(4),377-390.

Mugenda, O.&ampMugenda AG (2003). Research methods: Quantitative andQualitative Approaches.&nbspNairobi:ACTS.

Rosenberg, K.P., Carnes, P., &amp O`Connor, S. (2012). Evaluation and treatmentof sex addiction.&nbspJournalof sex &amp marital therapy.

Saunders, M.N. (2011).&nbspResearchmethods for business students, 5/e.Pearson Education India.

Saunders, M.N. (2012). Choosing research participants.&nbspQualitativeorganizational research: Core methods and current challenges,35-52.

Ward, J.(2015).&nbspNotgay: Sex between straight white men.NYU Press.

Ward, T.,Hudson, S. M., Johnston, L., &amp Marshall, W. L. (1997). Cognitivedistortions in sex offenders: An integrative review.&nbspClinicalpsychology review,&nbsp17(5),479-507.

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Appendix

Project Plan

TASK

WK2

WK4

WK6

WK8

WK10

WK12

WK14

Developing Research Topic

Literature Review

Drafting Research Questions

Research Methodology

Description of the research process

Data Collection

Data Analysis

Completion of Final Research (Capstone) Thesis