Self-care Theory



of Article

The article identifies heart failure as a problem that affects manyin the United States. It evaluates the possibility of employingself-care to help in dealing with heart failure. According to theresearchers, the application of self-care in addressing heart failurehelps improve the patient outcome significantly. The authors,however, identify that patients do not widely employ self-careinterventions. Social support has been determined to influenceself-care behavior among patients affected by the condition (Cené,Haymore, Dolan-Soto, Lin, Pignone, DeWalt, Corbie-Smith, 2013).Particularly the article illustrates the significance of socialsupport in helping patients learn how to employ self-care to managethe condition.

Valueof Theory in Nursing Research

Dorothea Orem proposed the self-care theory (Sitzman, &ampEichelberger, 2015). She acknowledges that knowledge of a givenhealth problem is critical in the promotion of self-care. In regardsto the same, the theory is of significance when it comes to theconcept of nursing research. It serves as precedence in conductingresearch regarding the efficacy of applying self-care to help in themanagement of a given health problem. For example, researchers canevaluate the possibility of employing self-care to deal with a givenproblem and provide recommendations for the same.

Exampleof Application of Theory in Nursing Practice

The self-care theory is applicable in nursing practice since itfacilitates the acquisition of positive outcomes for patients. Forexample, patients suffering from a chronic illness such as diabetesneed to learn how they can manage the condition. Positive results canbe achieved if a patient is aware of the kind of diet they shouldhave. Knowledge regarding the disease can help the patient understandhow to protect themselves. Self-care theory reiterates the need bythe patient to know how they can protect themselves from the disease.Nurses can take the initiative to educate patients on variousailments to help them in the management of the conditions affectingthem (Butts, Bandhauer, &amp Rich, 2013).


Butts, J. B., Bandhauer, D., &amp Rich, K. L. (2013). Philosophiesand theories for advanced nursing practice. Jones &amp BartlettPublishers.

Cené, C. W., Haymore, L. B., Dolan-Soto, D., Lin, F.-C., Pignone,M., DeWalt, D. A., … Corbie-Smith, G. (2013). Self-care confidencemediates the relationship between perceived social support andself-care maintenance in adults with heart failure. Journal ofCardiac Failure, 19(3), 202–210.

Sitzman, K., &amp Eichelberger, L. W. (2015). Understanding thework of nurse theorists. Jones &amp Bartlett Publishers.