Social Class and Disparitiesin Accessing Healthcare in theUS
Relationship between Social Class andDisparitiesin Accessing Healthcare in theUS
The issue of access to public health in the USAhas been persistent for decades. Many Americans cannot access publichealth information such as Planned Parenthood, and publicimmunization drives despite having access to a wide array of masscommunication devices. The issue seems to have a correlation with thedifferent socio-economic classes of the USA. For the purposes of thisproject, the study will focus on current public health campaigns suchas the Zika virus, child obesity, and HIV infection.
According to a survey by Pew Research Center,87% of American adults use the internet to search health information.58% of American adults own a Smartphone that they can use to accessthe internet. However, there are no official statistics to link theuse of internet to search health information to the varioussocio-economic classes in the USA. In addition, there is no researchon how the number of Americans with access to public healthcampaigns.
The primary research question for this studyis is there a correlation between access to public healthinformation and the various socio-economic classes in the USA? Thesubsidiary question is: Do people across the socio-economic dividehave equal access to public health information? The hypothesis forthese research questions is that people coming from the lowersocio-economic class have little access to public health information.
The primary method of data collection in thisstudy will be through surveys. The participants will be drawn fromseveral states in the USA to make up 10,000. In order to classifythem into three socio-economic classes- upper, middle, and lower- thestudy will tally their monthly expenditure to the figures provided bythe national treasury. The research will be quantitative and it willuse secondary data to draw conclusions.
The study that will focus on Americans citizensabove the age of 18 will incorporate the following questions: What isyour monthly income either individually or in your household (ifmarried)? Do you have access to the internet at least for an hour ina day? Do you have access to any forms of mass communication such asradio and TV? What do you know about the Zika virus? Who is at riskof contracting the Zika Virus? What are the preventive measures ofZika virus that you know of? What do you know about child obesity?What are the health effects of child obesity? Do you know any ways toprotect your child from obesity? What does HIV mean in full? Whatcauses HIV infections? How do we prevent the spread of HIV? Theanswers will marked against a strict marking scheme in order toascertain the level of understanding on the part of the participants.
The conclusion of this study will recommend thepublic health department to use the findings therein. The publichealth department will use the results of this study to device newways of focusing its public health campaigns. The demographic thatwill show the least knowledge of the aforementioned public healthcampaigns should be given the top priority when the departmentdecided to conduct the next campaign. The conclusion will alsoaddress some of the challenges that the study faced such asascertaining the level of correctness of a response issued by thestudy subjects.