Strategies that may be utilized to promote smoking cessation among pregnant adolescents

Strategiesthat may be utilized to promote smoking cessation among pregnantadolescents

Forthis research, I conducted a search of peer-reviewed articles onmethods that can be used to promote smoking cessation among pregnantadolescents. Credible resources were searched from reputable websiteand databases. They included CINHAL, PubMed, and MEDLINE. I focusedon recent articles for recent and up to date information. I usedkeyword combinations such as smoking, tobacco, environmental tobacco,smoking cessation, environmental tobacco, pregnancy and smokecessation among pregnant women. There were also some few incidenceswhen the searches were limited to randomized-controlled trials.

CINHALplus search

Inselecting the most appropriate article from this database, I used theterms smoking cessation among pregnant women and environmentaltobacco. To eliminate some journals, I reviewed articles with Englishabstract. Out of the 126 articles, I narrowed the search period tothe most recent papers and out of 44 articles retrieved. I excludedthose without quantitative research design.

MEDLINE

Forthis database, I used the common term smoke cessation. I narrowed thearticle search by filtering date, from January 2010 to August 2016.The search engine generated 40 articles. I limited the search againto randomized trials and majored in quantitative studies.

PubMed

Oncein the database, for a precise and detailed search result, I used alonger search term, “promote smoking cessation among pregnantadolescents”. I further narrowed by sorting the summary section tomost recent articles and obtained 13 results. The latest article wasselected for review.

AnnotatedBibliography

Hill,S., Young, D., Briley, A., Carter, J., &amp Lang, R. (2013). Baby BeSmoke Free: Teenage smoking cessation pilot.&nbspBritishJournal of Midwifery,&nbsp21(7).

Thisarticle acknowledges that smoking exposes pregnant women to a lot ofrisks. Smoking increases the risk of placental problems, low birthweights, fetal death and hypertensive disorders. She suggests thatone of the ways of reversing these trajectories is to encouragesmoking cessation since it will eliminate the risk of complication.Strategies proposed in this piece include engagement with stopsmoking services (SSS). The article, therefore, encouragesstakeholders to increase public awareness of some of the impact ofsmoking with the aim of motivating users to quit.

Thecredibility of the authors is unquestioned. Susie Hill is anexperienced medical writer and Annette Briley has vast knowledge ofmidwifery. All the authors have a clear understanding of women’sreproductive system, and their contributions are thus very credible.Since this journal has been published by a reliable database, it ispeer reviewed and thus suitable for research. The author has includedexternal sources such as research journals to support his position,and this builds the article’s credibility.

Beingthat the article was written in 2013, it contains a lot ofinformation which will be helpful for this research. I will use thearticle to highlight some of the dangers associated with smoking.Additionally, I will use it to support the need for stop smokingservices (SSS) among adolescent pregnant women.

Constantine,N. A., Slater, J. K., Carroll, J. A., &amp Antin, T. M. (2014).Smoking cessation, maintenance, and relapse experiences amongpregnant and postpartum adolescents: a qualitative analysis.&nbspJournalof Adolescent Health,&nbsp55(2),216-221.

Thisarticle expounds on experiences and processes of smoking cessationfor adolescent pregnant women. Although women are aware that smokingduring pregnancy is dangerous to the unborn child, some persist orexperience a relapse. Women experienced some guilt when they relapse.A strategy suggested in this journal is seeking support fromsmoke-free families and environment.

Thisarticle has been published by PubMed and it is evident that itscredibility is unquestionable. The authors have vast experience insocial sciences. Both have written journals that have been publishedin areas of biostatistics and midwifery.

Thissource is very professional and employs qualitative analysis to provethe hypothesis. It will be used alongside the others to providealternative strategies promoting smoking cessation. Additionally, alot of reliable statistics will be obtained from this resource toprove that relapse is also a major challenge that needs to beaddressed to prevent smoking cessation in teenage pregnant women.

Albrecht,S. A., Caruthers, D., Patrick, T., Reynolds, M., Salamie, D.,Higgins, L. W., &amp Mlynarchek, S. (2006). A randomized controlledtrial of a smoking cessation intervention for pregnantadolescents.&nbspNursingResearch,&nbsp55(6),402-410.

Thearticle presents important statistics relating to the topic. Itstates that smoking prevalence is at 59-62% among adolescents. Amongthese, 60-80% continue with their smoking behavior throughout theirpregnancies. The authors thus suggest cessation options such aspeer-enhanced programming and relapse prevention as mechanisms ofsustaining smoking abstinence.

Thearticle has been compiled by researchers who have training in medicalsciences. The named authors have specialized in different areas ofgynecology and pharmacology. In proving their hypothesis, the authorshave used qualitative and quantitative research designs by conductinggroup trials and case studies thus making the article very accurateand reliable. Additionally, they incorporated randomized-controlledtrials, and this adds to the credibility of the journal.

Althoughthe article was written in 2006, it contains a lot of informationwhich will be helpful for this research. I will use the article tohighlight some of the dangers associated with smoking and generaldrug use during pregnancy. It will also be used alongside othersources to suggest some of the strategies that can be used toencourage smoking cessation intervention for pregnant adolescents.

References

Hill,S., Young, D., Briley, A., Carter, J., &amp Lang, R. (2013). Baby BeSmoke Free: Teenage smoking cessation pilot.&nbspBritishJournal of Midwifery,&nbsp21(7).

Constantine,N. A., Slater, J. K., Carroll, J. A., &amp Antin, T. M. (2014).Smoking cessation, maintenance, and relapse experiences amongpregnant and postpartum adolescents: a qualitative analysis.&nbspJournalof Adolescent Health,&nbsp55(2),216-221.

Albrecht,S. A., Caruthers, D., Patrick, T., Reynolds, M., Salamie, D.,Higgins, L. W., &amp Mlynarchek, S. (2006). A randomized controlledtrial of a smoking cessation intervention for pregnantadolescents.&nbspNursingResearch,&nbsp55(6),402-410.