Stroke

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Institution Affiliation

Different Types of

The conventionalunderstanding of stroke is that it occurs when the blood ceases toflow to the brain of an individual. As a result, the brain cells diedue to oxygen deprivation, thus compromising the ability of a personto control muscles among other functions. People suffer from strokedifferently depending on the area of the affected brain area.According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, three typesof stroke exists. They include ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke,and transient ischemic attack (JourJauch et al., 2013).

Ischemic

This stroke occurswhen there is an obstruction in the vessel supplying blood to thebrain. It is the greatest cause of stroke in the world. Ischemicstroke is identified using symptoms such as numbness on a particularside of the person’s body, exhibiting the tendency of confusion,sight problems, and unsteadiness.

Hemorrhagic

Hemorrhagic strokeresults from the rupture of blood vessel in the brain. Healthconditions such as hypertension and aneurysm are the leading causesof the tear in the blood veins. The signs and symptoms of this strokeinclude loss of consciousness, nausea and vomiting, stiff neck, andthe inability to stare at a bright light.

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Transient ischemicattack is a brief period of stroke. Its signs and symptoms mayinclude those found in ischemic stroke. It is also caused when aclot or fatty tissues block the vessels which supply blood to thebrain. Unlike the ischemic stroke, the blockage causing TIA istemporary. However, it increases the chances of an individualdeveloping a full blown stroke. Therefore, it should be checked evenif the symptoms seems to clear.

The Implications of Rapid Assessment and EarlyIntervention for Subsequent Disability and Quality of Life

Rapid assessment of stroke helps in early detection of signs andsymptoms. It also facilitates timely differentiation of stroke typeand subsequent development of appropriate treatment and managementstrategies to lessen disability and improve patients’ quality oflife (JourJauch et al., 2013). A person is likely to develop severecases of stroke if an intervention is not implemented as soon aspossible. Therefore, it is important for people to assess theirhealth statuses as often as possible, especially if one or moresymptoms described above are experienced. Interventions which seek toimprove blood flow to the brain can reduce disability when launchedearly.

Management Issue in the Care of Patientsin the Acute Care Setting

Arguably, strokeis the leading cause of disability in most countries. For instance,over 14,000 people are diagnosed with the stroke each year in theUnited States (Dancun et al., 2015). Approximately 40% of strokepatients experience moderate functional impairments while over 15%become completely disable (Dancun et al., 2015). Studies haveindicated that early detection and subsequent innervations can reducethe impact of stroke. However, either majority of people areoblivious to this fact or just refuse to take early assessmentinitiatives. Therefore, medical providers often determine that thecondition has advanced by the time people come to the hospital forcheckup and treatment.

From this criticalanalysis, it is undeniable that the greatest management issue in thecare of stroke revolves around early detection and treatment of thecondition. The public health sector should launch aggressivecampaigns to enhance the community’s awareness regarding theimportance of early detection and treatment of stroke in reducingdisability.

References

Duncan, P. W., Zorowitz, R., Bates, B., Choi, J. Y., Glasberg, J. J., Graham, G. D., … &amp Reker, D. (2015). Management of adult stroke rehabilitation cares a clinical practice guideline. , 36(9), e100-e143.

JourJauch, E. C., Saver, J. L., Adams, H. P., Bruno, A., Demaerschalk, B. M., Khatri, P., … &amp Summers, D. R. (2013). Guidelines for the early management of patients with acute ischemic stroke a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Association. , 44(3), 870-947.