Terrorism is a complex issues affecting the modern world. In thewestern societies, it is usually associated with religion becauseIslamic insurgencies have perpetrated major terrorist activities inthe recent past. In my view, ideological differences rather thanreligious factors are the main reasons why radical groups emerge inthe societies. As a result of divergent ideologies and injustices,hatred develops at the individual levels and spread to other membersof the community through radicalization (Ciment, 2015). For example,due to neglect by the rest of the world and religious discrimination,extremist groups have emerged in the Middle East. This has not beenobserved in Muslim societies living in other regions (Feinberg,2016).
Violence is the most effective tactic used by the terrorists. This isbecause it can coerce the society. Additionally, success inperpetrating violence against a rival social or politicalestablishment increases the credibility of the terror group. Thiscauses panic and intimidation of the opponents and confidence amongmembers of the militia (Dawoody, 2016).
In many instances, I have felt the fear of being a victim ofterrorism attacks. Usually, they target social places to maximize thenumber of people affected by the violent acts. Consequently, wheneverI am in a crowded place, I get troubled when I think about thepossibility of an attack. Since the September 11 attacks, there is nodoubt that the capability of Islamic insurgencies cannot be ignored.This is evident from a series of attacks that have taken place inEurope in the recent past. The next attack can occur anywhere in theworld, and can be perpetrated by an individual who is least suspectedto be radicalized. This indicates that they have been relativelysuccessful in causing trepidation in the society.
The fear of terrorism is evident in the society. My family members,friends, and colleagues have expressed concerns about the increasedincidences of terror attacks in the western world. The panic is morepronounced immediately after a major incidence. For example, recentacts of mass shooting and violence in Europe and the United Stateshave received massive media coverage. This has been made worse by therole of the internet and social media where unedited graphic videosand photos of the events are circulated. In some cases, some of myfriends have avoided public places immediately after a significantact of aggression is reported (Brun, 2011).
can use a variety of violent tactics to achieve theirmissions. One of the most common methods is suicide attacks, wherethe executor dies in the process. While it was a standard approach inthe Second World War, it has evolved into a preferred form ofviolence by Islamic insurgencies. In the recent past, suicide bombingis a popular ploy among jihadists, especially in the Palestine andIsrael conflict. They involve the bomber using suicide belt strappedto his body, which is detonated in an enclosed and crowded space.Al-Qaida used the method during the September 11 attacks (Hassan,2011).
The increased use of suicide bombing by terrorists is based on thefact that it is effective in achieving their goals. Because the bombsare detonated in a crowded space, it maximizes the number ofcasualties. Consequently, it causes more horror that any othertactic. However, due to the nature of the weapons used, increasedsurveillance in public places can be a valuable deterrence. Forexample, use of metal detector can avert possible attacks (Hassan,2011). Nonetheless, as the law enforcement develops ways of dealingwith these radicals, they are continuously mounting new tactics.Thus, in the future, biological weaponry is likely to be theirpreferred method. This is due to their abilities to affect morepeople and the fact that they are not easy to detect usingconventional policing strategies (Korstanje, 2013).
Hassan, R. (2011). Suicide Bombings. Routledge. ISBN0-415-58886-3.
Korstanje, M. E. (2013). "Preemption and Terrorism. When theFuture Governs". Cultura. 10 (1): 167–184.
Brun, W. (2011). "Tourist worries after terrorist attacks:Report from a field experiment". Scandinavian Journal ofHospitality and Tourism. 11 (3): 387–394.
Feinberg, M. (2016). Sovereignty in the age of global terrorism:the role of international organizations. Boston: Brill Nijhoff.
Ciment, J. (2015). World Terrorism: An Encyclopedia of PoliticalViolence from Ancient Times to the Post-9/11 Era. Routledge, ISBN131745152X.
Dawoody, A. (2016). Eradicating terrorism from the Middle East:policy and administrative. Switzerland: Springer.