The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)



The 2010 PatientProtection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

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The 2010 PatientProtection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

The main focus ofthis paper is the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act(PPACA). Here, we will discuss the circumstances or historicalevents, which created a necessity for the PPACA, describe thelegislative act and analyze how it has influenced the U.S. healthcare system, and assess the positive and/or negative consequencesthat arose following implementation of the act.

Backgroundof the PPACA

Massachusetts passedan insurance extension bill in 2006 that included both an insuranceexchange and a personal mandate (Hofer, Abraham, &amp Moscovice,2011). One year following that, the Healthy Americans Act wasintroduced. It included a personal, and a regulated, state-basedinsurance support. After that, this approach was considered as the‘future’ of healthcare restructuring by many Democrat andRepublican politicians. Finally, President Obama enacted this act onthe 23rd March, 2010.

ThePPACA and Its Influence on the US Healthcare System

The PPACA requireshealthcare providers to transform the financial, technological andclinical aspects of their practices for promoting better healthcareat a lower cost, and improving their procedures of accessibility anddistribution. This act lowered the rate of ‘uninsured people’ byreducing healthcare costs and providing a more extensive insurancecoverage. It also incorporated mechanisms like insurance exchanges,subsidies and mandates. Now it is mandatory for insurers toacknowledge every applicant, impose the constant rates for allirrespective of their gender and physical conditions. The act alsolowered the annual medical spending and future deficits (Maga &ampLewis, 2014).

ThePositive and/or Negative Impacts of PPACA

The implementation of the act resulted in an 11.4 million drop inthe number of uninsured people. The growth rate of the US healthcarecost also decreased by 3.5% since the implementation of the PPACA(Mehta &amp L Mehta, 2012). It also led to a reduction of more than$200b in the net deficit.


So, it can be saidthat the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has reformedthe US healthcare system in a good and beneficial way.


Hofer, A., Abraham, J., &amp Moscovice, I.(2011). Expansion of Coverage under the Patient Protection andAffordable Care Act and Primary Care Utilization.&nbspMilbankQuarterly,&nbsp89(1),69-89.

Maga, J. &amp Lewis, M. (2014). PatientProtection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).&nbspInternationalAnesthesiology Clinics,&nbsp52(4),58-63.

Mehta, J. &amp L Mehta, J. (2012). How thePatient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) SupportsFederalism.&nbspJournalOf Forensic Research,&nbsp03(06).